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Entry version 145 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 2 (15 Dec 2003)
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Protein

Aflatoxin B1 aldehyde reductase member 3

Gene

Akr7a3

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Can reduce the dialdehyde protein-binding form of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) to the non-binding AFB1 dialcohol. Probably involved in protection of liver against the toxic and carcinogenic effects of AFB1, a potent hepatocarcinogen.1 Publication

Miscellaneous

With succinic semialdehyde or 4-nitrobenzaldehyde as substrate, it exhibits a substantially greater specific activity with NADPH than with NADH Conversely, it has a 3-fold higher activity towards 2-carboxybenzaldehyde with NADH than with NADPH.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei40NADP1 Publication1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei45Proton donor1
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei73Lowers pKa of active site TyrBy similarity1
Binding sitei109Substrate1 Publication1
Binding sitei165NADP1 Publication1
Binding sitei218NADP1 Publication1
Binding sitei228Substrate1 Publication1
Binding sitei231Substrate1 Publication1
Binding sitei327NADP1 Publication1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi139 – 140NADP1 Publication2
Nucleotide bindingi194 – 204NADP1 PublicationAdd BLAST11
Nucleotide bindingi286 – 294NADP1 Publication9

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processDetoxification
LigandNAD, NADP

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-5423646 Aflatoxin activation and detoxification

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
P38918

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Aflatoxin B1 aldehyde reductase member 3 (EC:1.-.-.-)
Short name:
AFB1-AR
Alternative name(s):
Aflatoxin B1 aldehyde reductase member 1
Short name:
rAFAR1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Akr7a3
Synonyms:Afar, Akr7a1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 5

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
628635 Akr7a3

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL2697

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000703741 – 327Aflatoxin B1 aldehyde reductase member 3Add BLAST327

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei2PhosphoserineCombined sources1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P38918

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P38918

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P38918

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
P38918

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By the phenolic antioxidant ethoxyquin.

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000017899 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in adult mammalian kidney

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P38918 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer. Heterodimer with AKR7A2.

2 Publications

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000024160

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1327
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P38918

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P38918

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IDYD Eukaryota
COG0667 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000163704

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000250286

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P38918

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K15303

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
QGNYNPV

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1226539at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P38918

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF329173

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd06660 Aldo_ket_red, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.20.100, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR020471 Aldo/keto_reductase
IPR023210 NADP_OxRdtase_dom
IPR036812 NADP_OxRdtase_dom_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00248 Aldo_ket_red, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00069 ALDKETRDTASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51430 SSF51430, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P38918-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSQARPATVL GAMEMGRRMD VTSSSASVRA FLQRGHTEID TAFVYANGQS
60 70 80 90 100
ETILGDLGLG LGRSGCKVKI ATKAAPMFGK TLKPADVRFQ LETSLKRLQC
110 120 130 140 150
PRVDLFYLHF PDHGTPIEET LQACHQLHQE GKFVELGLSN YVSWEVAEIC
160 170 180 190 200
TLCKKNGWIM PTVYQGMYNA ITRQVETELF PCLRHFGLRF YAFNPLAGGL
210 220 230 240 250
LTGRYKYQDK DGKNPESRFF GNPFSQLYMD RYWKEEHFNG IALVEKALKT
260 270 280 290 300
TYGPTAPSMI SAAVRWMYHH SQLKGTQGDA VILGMSSLEQ LEQNLALVEE
310 320
GPLEPAVVDA FDQAWNLVAH ECPNYFR
Length:327
Mass (Da):36,747
Last modified:December 15, 2003 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iF0C908C014DF672D
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti126 – 127QL → HV in CAA52740 (PubMed:8234296).Curated2

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X74673 mRNA Translation: CAA52740.1
AF045464 mRNA Translation: AAD02413.1
AY230497
, AY230491, AY230492, AY230493, AY230494, AY230495, AY230496 Genomic DNA Translation: AAO48423.1
BC078872 mRNA Translation: AAH78872.2
BC089811 mRNA Translation: AAH89811.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A48804

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_037347.1, NM_013215.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000024160; ENSRNOP00000024160; ENSRNOG00000017899

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
26760

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:26760

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:628635 rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X74673 mRNA Translation: CAA52740.1
AF045464 mRNA Translation: AAD02413.1
AY230497
, AY230491, AY230492, AY230493, AY230494, AY230495, AY230496 Genomic DNA Translation: AAO48423.1
BC078872 mRNA Translation: AAH78872.2
BC089811 mRNA Translation: AAH89811.1
PIRiA48804
RefSeqiNP_037347.1, NM_013215.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1GVEX-ray1.38A/B1-327[»]
SMRiP38918
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000024160

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL2697

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP38918
PhosphoSitePlusiP38918

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP38918
PRIDEiP38918

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000024160; ENSRNOP00000024160; ENSRNOG00000017899
GeneIDi26760
KEGGirno:26760
UCSCiRGD:628635 rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
22977
RGDi628635 Akr7a3

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IDYD Eukaryota
COG0667 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000163704
HOGENOMiHOG000250286
InParanoidiP38918
KOiK15303
OMAiQGNYNPV
OrthoDBi1226539at2759
PhylomeDBiP38918
TreeFamiTF329173

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-5423646 Aflatoxin activation and detoxification
SABIO-RKiP38918

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP38918

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P38918

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000017899 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in adult mammalian kidney
GenevisibleiP38918 RN

Family and domain databases

CDDicd06660 Aldo_ket_red, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.20.20.100, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR020471 Aldo/keto_reductase
IPR023210 NADP_OxRdtase_dom
IPR036812 NADP_OxRdtase_dom_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00248 Aldo_ket_red, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00069 ALDKETRDTASE
SUPFAMiSSF51430 SSF51430, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiARK73_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P38918
Secondary accession number(s): Q5EBB7, Q68FZ3, Q9QX16
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 1995
Last sequence update: December 15, 2003
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 145 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
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