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Entry version 164 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Feb 1995)
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Protein

Thioredoxin reductase 2, mitochondrial

Gene

TRR2

Organism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Acts on mitochondrial thioredoxin 3. Implicated in the defense against oxidative stress.1 Publication

Miscellaneous

Present with 414 molecules/cell in log phase SD medium.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

FADBy similarityNote: Binds 1 FAD per subunit.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei68FAD; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
Binding sitei77FADBy similarity1
Binding sitei110FAD; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Binding sitei168FADBy similarity1
Binding sitei311FADBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi34 – 37FADBy similarity4
Nucleotide bindingi56 – 68FADBy similarityAdd BLAST13
Nucleotide bindingi63 – 64FADBy similarity2
Nucleotide bindingi311 – 320FADBy similarity10
Nucleotide bindingi318 – 320FADBy similarity3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
LigandFAD, Flavoprotein, NADP

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
YEAST:YHR106W-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Thioredoxin reductase 2, mitochondrial (EC:1.8.1.9)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:TRR2
Ordered Locus Names:YHR106W
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSaccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri559292 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaSaccharomycotinaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesSaccharomycetaceaeSaccharomyces
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002311 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome VIII

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

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EuPathDBi
FungiDB:YHR106W

Saccharomyces Genome Database

More...
SGDi
S000001148 TRR2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Mitochondrion

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 23MitochondrionSequence analysisAdd BLAST23
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000003030324 – 342Thioredoxin reductase 2, mitochondrialAdd BLAST319

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi165 ↔ 168Redox-activeBy similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond

Proteomic databases

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

More...
MaxQBi
P38816

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P38816

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P38816

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
36539, 49 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-1942N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P38816, 2 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
P38816

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4932.YHR106W

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P38816

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Redox-active center, Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000176591

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000072912

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
P38816

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K00384

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
FRAEDYW

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.50.50.60, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036188 FAD/NAD-bd_sf
IPR023753 FAD/NAD-binding_dom
IPR008255 Pyr_nucl-diS_OxRdtase_2_AS
IPR005982 Thioredox_Rdtase

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF07992 Pyr_redox_2, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51905 SSF51905, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01292 TRX_reduct, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00573 PYRIDINE_REDOX_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P38816-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MIKHIVSPFR TNFVGISKSV LSRMIHHKVT IIGSGPAAHT AAIYLARAEM
60 70 80 90 100
KPTLYEGMMA NGIAAGGQLT TTTDIENFPG FPESLSGSEL MERMRKQSAK
110 120 130 140 150
FGTNIITETV SKVDLSSKPF RLWTEFNEDA EPVTTDAIIL ATGASAKRMH
160 170 180 190 200
LPGEETYWQQ GISACAVCDG AVPIFRNKPL AVIGGGDSAC EEAEFLTKYA
210 220 230 240 250
SKVYILVRKD HFRASVIMQR RIEKNPNIIV LFNTVALEAK GDGKLLNMLR
260 270 280 290 300
IKNTKSNVEN DLEVNGLFYA IGHSPATDIV KGQVDEEETG YIKTVPGSSL
310 320 330 340
TSVPGFFAAG DVQDSRYRQA VTSAGSGCIA ALDAERYLSA QE
Length:342
Mass (Da):37,087
Last modified:February 1, 1995 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i739F302AA0837A5A
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U00059 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB68856.1
AY557882 Genomic DNA Translation: AAS56208.1
BK006934 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA06800.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S48948

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_011974.1, NM_001179236.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
YHR106W_mRNA; YHR106W_mRNA; YHR106W

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
856506

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sce:YHR106W

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U00059 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB68856.1
AY557882 Genomic DNA Translation: AAS56208.1
BK006934 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA06800.1
PIRiS48948
RefSeqiNP_011974.1, NM_001179236.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP38816
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi36539, 49 interactors
DIPiDIP-1942N
IntActiP38816, 2 interactors
MINTiP38816
STRINGi4932.YHR106W

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiP38816
PaxDbiP38816
PRIDEiP38816

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiYHR106W_mRNA; YHR106W_mRNA; YHR106W
GeneIDi856506
KEGGisce:YHR106W

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiFungiDB:YHR106W
SGDiS000001148 TRR2

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00940000176591
HOGENOMiHOG000072912
InParanoidiP38816
KOiK00384
OMAiFRAEDYW

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciYEAST:YHR106W-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P38816

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.50.50.60, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036188 FAD/NAD-bd_sf
IPR023753 FAD/NAD-binding_dom
IPR008255 Pyr_nucl-diS_OxRdtase_2_AS
IPR005982 Thioredox_Rdtase
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF07992 Pyr_redox_2, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51905 SSF51905, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01292 TRX_reduct, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00573 PYRIDINE_REDOX_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTRXB2_YEAST
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P38816
Secondary accession number(s): D3DL56
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 1995
Last sequence update: February 1, 1995
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 164 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Yeast
    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae): entries, gene names and cross-references to SGD
  3. Yeast chromosome VIII
    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) chromosome VIII: entries and gene names
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