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Entry version 144 (26 Feb 2020)
Sequence version 3 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Cysteine synthase

Gene

cysK

Organism
Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the conversion of O-acetylserine to cysteine. Also acts as a sensor of cysteine availability in the signal transduction pathway modulating CymR activity. When cysteine is present, the pool of O-acetylserine (OAS) is low, which leads to the formation of a CymR-CysK complex and transcriptional repression of the CymR regulon occurs. In the absence of cysteine, the OAS pool is high and the CymR-CysK complex is mostly dissociated, leading to a faster dissociation of CymR from its DNA targets and the lifting of CymR-dependent repression.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

pyridoxal 5'-phosphate

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-cysteine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 2 of the subpathway that synthesizes L-cysteine from L-serine.
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Serine acetyltransferase (cysE)
  2. Probable cysteine synthase (ytkP), Cysteine synthase (cysK)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-cysteine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes L-cysteine from L-serine, the pathway L-cysteine biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei75Pyridoxal phosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei267Pyridoxal phosphateBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase
Biological processAmino-acid biosynthesis, Cysteine biosynthesis
LigandPyridoxal phosphate

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
BSUB:BSU00730-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00136;UER00200

Protein family/group databases

MoonProt database of moonlighting proteins

More...
MoonProti
P37887

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cysteine synthase (EC:2.5.1.47)
Short name:
CSase
Alternative name(s):
O-acetylserine (thiol)-lyase
Short name:
OAS-TL
Superoxide-inducible protein 11
Short name:
SOI11
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:cysK
Ordered Locus Names:BSU00730
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBacillus subtilis (strain 168)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri224308 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesBacillaceaeBacillus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001570 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Grows very slowly with sulfate, butanesulfonate or cystine as sole sulfur source.2 Publications

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemoved2 Publications
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001670812 – 308Cysteine synthaseAdd BLAST307

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei45N6-(pyridoxal phosphate)lysineBy similarity1

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P37887

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P37887

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P37887

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Highly expressed in the presence of methionine, but poorly expressed in the presence of cystine. Also induced by superoxide. Repressed both by sulfate and cysteine.2 Publications

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer. Forms CymR2:CysK2 or CymR4:CysK4 complexes in the absence of O-acetylserine.

1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P37887, 1 interactor

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
P37887

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
224308.BSU00730

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P37887

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni179 – 183Pyridoxal phosphate bindingBy similarity5

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105C6T Bacteria
COG0031 LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P37887

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01738

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
WDSGERY

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P37887

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.1100, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR005856 Cys_synth
IPR005859 CysK
IPR001216 P-phosphate_BS
IPR001926 PLP-dep
IPR036052 Trypto_synt_PLP_dependent

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00291 PALP, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53686 SSF53686, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01139 cysK, 1 hit
TIGR01136 cysKM, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00901 CYS_SYNTHASE, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P37887-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVRVANSITE LIGNTPIVKL NRLADENSAD VYLKLEYMNP GSSVKDRIGL
60 70 80 90 100
AMIEAAEKEG KLKAGNTIIE PTSGNTGIGL AMVAAAKGLK AILVMPDTMS
110 120 130 140 150
MERRNLLRAY GAELVLTPGA EGMKGAIKKA EELAEKHGYF VPQQFNNPSN
160 170 180 190 200
PEIHRQTTGK EIVEQFGDDQ LDAFVAGIGT GGTITGAGEV LKEAYPSIKI
210 220 230 240 250
YAVEPSDSPV LSGGKPGPHK IQGIGAGFVP DILNTEVYDE IFPVKNEEAF
260 270 280 290 300
EYARRAAREE GILGGISSGA AIYAALQVAK KLGKGKKVLA IIPSNGERYL

STPLYQFD
Length:308
Mass (Da):32,820
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i79350923DF2B73CA
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
D26185 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA05308.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB11849.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S66103

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_387954.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003244491.1, NZ_JNCM01000028.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CAB11849; CAB11849; BSU00730

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
936636

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bsu:BSU00730

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|224308.179.peg.73

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
D26185 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA05308.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB11849.1
PIRiS66103
RefSeqiNP_387954.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003244491.1, NZ_JNCM01000028.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP37887
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiP37887, 1 interactor
MINTiP37887
STRINGi224308.BSU00730

Protein family/group databases

MoonProtiP37887

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP37887
PaxDbiP37887
PRIDEiP37887

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAB11849; CAB11849; BSU00730
GeneIDi936636
KEGGibsu:BSU00730
PATRICifig|224308.179.peg.73

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105C6T Bacteria
COG0031 LUCA
InParanoidiP37887
KOiK01738
OMAiWDSGERY
PhylomeDBiP37887

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00136;UER00200
BioCyciBSUB:BSU00730-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.1100, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR005856 Cys_synth
IPR005859 CysK
IPR001216 P-phosphate_BS
IPR001926 PLP-dep
IPR036052 Trypto_synt_PLP_dependent
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00291 PALP, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53686 SSF53686, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01139 cysK, 1 hit
TIGR01136 cysKM, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00901 CYS_SYNTHASE, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCYSK_BACSU
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P37887
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1994
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: February 26, 2020
This is version 144 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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