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Protein

Trichohyalin

Gene

TCHH

Organism
Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Intermediate filament-associated protein that associates in regular arrays with keratin intermediate filaments (KIF) of the inner root sheath cells of the hair follicle and the granular layer of the epidermis. It later becomes cross-linked to KIF by isodipeptide bonds. It may serve as scaffold protein, together with involucrin, in the organization of the cell envelope or even anchor the cell envelope to the KIF network. It may be involved in its own calcium-dependent postsynthetic processing during terminal differentiation.

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section specifies the position(s) of the calcium-binding region(s) within the protein. One common calcium-binding motif is the EF-hand, but other calcium-binding motifs also exist.<p><a href='/help/ca_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Calcium bindingi22 – 331; low affinityPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST12
Calcium bindingi62 – 732; high affinityPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST12

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processKeratinization
LigandCalcium, Metal-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Trichohyalin
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:TCHH
Synonyms:THH
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiOryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9986 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresLagomorphaLeporidaeOryctolagus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001811 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001440431 – 1407TrichohyalinAdd BLAST1407

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Substrate of transglutaminase. Some 200 arginines are probably converted to citrullines by peptidylarginine deimidase.

Keywords - PTMi

Citrullination

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Found in the hard keratinizing tissues such as the inner root sheath (IRS) of hair follicles and medulla, and in the filiform papillae of dorsal tongue epithelium.

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at the protein level’.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Expressed during late differentiation of the epidermis.

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.Curated

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9986.ENSOCUP00000004511

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P37709

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P37709

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini23 – 48EF-hand 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST26
Domaini49 – 84EF-hand 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST36

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 91S-100-likeAdd BLAST91

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

Consists of nine domains. Domain 1 contains two EF-hand calcium-binding domains. Domains 2-4, 6, and 8 are almost entirely alpha-helical, configured as a series of peptide repeats of varying regularity, and are thought to form a single-stranded alpha-helical rod stabilized by ionic interactions. Domain 6 is the most regular and may bind KIF directly by ionic interactions. Domains 5 and 7 are less well organized and may induce folds in the molecule. Domain 9 contains the C-terminus, conserved among different species.

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the S100-fused protein family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410KDDK Eukaryota
ENOG4111C3S LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P37709

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00213 S-100, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011992 EF-hand-dom_pair
IPR018247 EF_Hand_1_Ca_BS
IPR002048 EF_hand_dom
IPR034325 S-100_dom
IPR001751 S100/CaBP-9k_CS
IPR013787 S100_Ca-bd_sub

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01023 S_100, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01394 S_100, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47473 SSF47473, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00018 EF_HAND_1, 1 hit
PS50222 EF_HAND_2, 1 hit
PS00303 S100_CABP, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P37709-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSPLLKSIID IIEIFNQYAS HDCDGAVLKK KDLKILLDRE FGAVLQRPHD
60 70 80 90 100
PETVDVMLEL LDRDSDGLVG FDEFCLLIFK LAQAAYYALG QASGLDEEKR
110 120 130 140 150
SHGEGKGRLL QNRRQEDQRR FELRDRQFED EPERRRWQKQ EQERELAEEE
160 170 180 190 200
EQRKKRERFE QHYSRQYRDK EQRLQRQELE ERRAEEEQLR RRKGRDAEEF
210 220 230 240 250
IEEEQLRRRE QQELKRELRE EEQQRRERRE QHERALQEEE EQLLRQRRWR
260 270 280 290 300
EEPREQQQLR RELEEIRERE QRLEQEERRE QQLRREQRLE QEERREQQLR
310 320 330 340 350
RELEEIRERE QRLEQEERRE QRLEQEERRE QQLKRELEEI REREQRLEQE
360 370 380 390 400
ERREQLLAEE VREQARERGE SLTRRWQRQL ESEAGARQSK VYSRPRRQEE
410 420 430 440 450
QSLRQDQERR QRQERERELE EQARRQQQWQ AEEESERRRQ RLSARPSLRE
460 470 480 490 500
RQLRAEERQE QEQRFREEEE QRRERRQELQ FLEEEEQLQR RERAQQLQEE
510 520 530 540 550
DSFQEDRERR RRQQEQRPGQ TWRWQLQEEA QRRRHTLYAK PGQQEQLREE
560 570 580 590 600
EELQREKRRQ EREREYREEE KLQREEDEKR RRQERERQYR ELEELRQEEQ
610 620 630 640 650
LRDRKLREEE QLLQEREEER LRRQERERKL REEEQLLRQE EQELRQERER
660 670 680 690 700
KLREEEQLLR REEQELRQER ERKLREEEQL LQEREEERLR RQERARKLRE
710 720 730 740 750
EEQLLRQEEQ ELRQERERKL REEEQLLRRE EQLLRQERDR KLREEEQLLQ
760 770 780 790 800
ESEEERLRRQ EREQQLRRER DRKFREEEQL LQEREEERLR RQERERKLRE
810 820 830 840 850
EEQLLQEREE ERLRRQERER KLREEEQLLQ EREEERLRRQ ERERKLREEE
860 870 880 890 900
QLLRQEEQEL RQERARKLRE EEQLLRQEEQ ELRQERDRKL REEEQLLRQE
910 920 930 940 950
EQELRQERDR KLREEEQLLQ ESEEERLRRQ ERERKLREEE QLLRREEQEL
960 970 980 990 1000
RRERARKLRE EEQLLQEREE ERLRRQERAR KLREEEQLLR REEQELRQER
1010 1020 1030 1040 1050
DRKFREEEQL LQEREEERLR RQERDRKFRE EERQLRRQEL EEQFRQERDR
1060 1070 1080 1090 1100
KFRLEEQIRQ EKEEKQLRRQ ERDRKFREEE QQRRRQEREQ QLRRERDRKF
1110 1120 1130 1140 1150
REEEQLLQER EEERLRRQER ARKLREEEQL LRREEQLLRQ ERDRKFREEE
1160 1170 1180 1190 1200
QLLQESEEER LRRQERERKL REEEQLLQER EEERLRRQER ARKLREEEQL
1210 1220 1230 1240 1250
LRQEEQELRQ ERARKLREEE QLLRQEEQEL RQERDRKFRE EEQLLRREEQ
1260 1270 1280 1290 1300
ELRRERDRKF REEEQLLQER EEERLRRQER ARKLREEEEQ LLFEEQEEQR
1310 1320 1330 1340 1350
LRQERDRRYR AEEQFAREEK SRRLERELRQ EEEQRRRRER ERKFREEQLR
1360 1370 1380 1390 1400
RQQEEEQRRR QLRERQFRED QSRRQVLEPG TRQFARVPVR SSPLYEYIQE

QRSQYRP
Length:1,407
Mass (Da):183,781
Last modified:October 1, 1994 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iAE17D2A159F12B7F
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
Z19092 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA79519.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S28589

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
Z19092 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA79519.1
PIRiS28589

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP37709
SMRiP37709
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9986.ENSOCUP00000004511

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410KDDK Eukaryota
ENOG4111C3S LUCA
InParanoidiP37709

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00213 S-100, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011992 EF-hand-dom_pair
IPR018247 EF_Hand_1_Ca_BS
IPR002048 EF_hand_dom
IPR034325 S-100_dom
IPR001751 S100/CaBP-9k_CS
IPR013787 S100_Ca-bd_sub
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01023 S_100, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01394 S_100, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47473 SSF47473, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00018 EF_HAND_1, 1 hit
PS50222 EF_HAND_2, 1 hit
PS00303 S100_CABP, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTRHY_RABIT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P37709
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1994
Last sequence update: October 1, 1994
Last modified: May 23, 2018
This is version 78 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
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