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Entry version 135 (12 Aug 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 1994)
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Protein

PanD regulatory factor

Gene

panZ

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Controls both the activation and catalytic activity of PanD in a coenzyme A (CoA)-dependent fashion. Binding of CoA or a derivative to PanZ leads to interaction with PanD, which promotes the processing and activation of pro-PanD, and subsequent substrate-mediated inhibition of the active form of PanD (PubMed:23170229, PubMed:25910242). Inhibition of PanD activity is probably the primary metabolic role of PanZ, allowing negative feedback regulation of pantothenate biosynthesis by CoA (PubMed:25910242).2 Publications

Caution

Lacks the conserved catalytic glutamate found in many enzymatically active members of the Gcn5-like N-acetyltransferase (GNAT) family.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Activation of PanD processing occurs even at low CoA concentrations. In contrast, full inhibition of PanD catalytic activity only occurs at sufficiently high CoA concentrations.1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processPantothenate biosynthesis

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
EcoCyc:EG12211-MONOMER
ECOL316407:JW3424-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
PanD regulatory factorUniRule annotationCurated
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:panZ1 PublicationUniRule annotation
Synonyms:panMBy similarity, yhhK
Ordered Locus Names:b3459, JW3424
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Deletion mutants are deficient in the biosynthetic pathway for pantothenate.1 Publication

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi45N → A: Loss of affinity for PanD. Is still able to activate but not regulate the PanD protein. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001695531 – 127PanD regulatory factorAdd BLAST127

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P37613

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P37613

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P37613

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with PanD in the presence of CoA (PubMed:23170229, PubMed:22940551, PubMed:25910242).

Forms a heterooctameric complex composed of four PanD subunits and four PanZ subunits (PubMed:22940551, PubMed:25910242). Monomer in solution (PubMed:22940551).

3 Publications

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
4262496, 7 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P37613, 2 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
511145.b3459

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1127
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P37613

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P37613

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini1 – 127N-acetyltransferaseUniRule annotationAdd BLAST127

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni43 – 48Interaction with PanD1 Publication6
Regioni66 – 76Interaction with PanD1 PublicationAdd BLAST11
Regioni66 – 68Coenzyme A bindingUniRule annotationCombined sources3 Publications3
Regioni72 – 79Coenzyme A bindingUniRule annotationCombined sources3 Publications8

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the PanZ/PanM family.UniRule annotationCurated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
COG0456, Bacteria

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_135649_0_0_6

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P37613

Family and domain databases

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_02018, PanZ_PanM, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR016181, Acyl_CoA_acyltransferase
IPR000182, GNAT_dom
IPR032900, PanZ
IPR040448, PanZ_GNAT

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF12568, PanZ, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF55729, SSF55729, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51186, GNAT, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P37613-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKLTIIRLEK FSDQDRIDLQ KIWPEYSPSS LQVDDNHRIY AARFNERLLA
60 70 80 90 100
AVRVTLSGTE GALDSLRVRE VTRRRGVGQY LLEEVLRNNP GVSCWWMADA
110 120
GVEDRGVMTA FMQALGFTAQ QGGWEKC
Length:127
Mass (Da):14,506
Last modified:October 1, 1994 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iEF054A30D294519A
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U00039 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB18434.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC76484.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE77834.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S47678

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_417916.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000778768.1, NZ_SSZK01000008.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAC76484; AAC76484; b3459
BAE77834; BAE77834; BAE77834

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
947963

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecj:JW3424
eco:b3459

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|1411691.4.peg.3266

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U00039 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB18434.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC76484.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE77834.1
PIRiS47678
RefSeqiNP_417916.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000778768.1, NZ_SSZK01000008.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

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RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
2K5TNMR-A1-127[»]
4CRYX-ray1.61B1-127[»]
4CRZX-ray1.70B1-127[»]
4CS0X-ray2.10B1-127[»]
5LS7X-ray1.16B1-127[»]
SMRiP37613
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi4262496, 7 interactors
IntActiP37613, 2 interactors
STRINGi511145.b3459

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP37613
PaxDbiP37613
PRIDEiP37613

Protocols and materials databases

The DNASU plasmid repository

More...
DNASUi
947963

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC76484; AAC76484; b3459
BAE77834; BAE77834; BAE77834
GeneIDi947963
KEGGiecj:JW3424
eco:b3459
PATRICifig|1411691.4.peg.3266

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

More...
EchoBASEi
EB2125

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0456, Bacteria
HOGENOMiCLU_135649_0_0_6
InParanoidiP37613

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciEcoCyc:EG12211-MONOMER
ECOL316407:JW3424-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP37613

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P37613

Family and domain databases

HAMAPiMF_02018, PanZ_PanM, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR016181, Acyl_CoA_acyltransferase
IPR000182, GNAT_dom
IPR032900, PanZ
IPR040448, PanZ_GNAT
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF12568, PanZ, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF55729, SSF55729, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51186, GNAT, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPANZ_ECOLI
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P37613
Secondary accession number(s): Q2M7C2
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1994
Last sequence update: October 1, 1994
Last modified: August 12, 2020
This is version 135 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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