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Entry version 130 (29 Sep 2021)
Sequence version 3 (10 Feb 2021)
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Protein

Sex-determining region Y protein

Gene

Sry

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Transcriptional regulator that controls a genetic switch in male development (PubMed:16996051, PubMed:16414182).

It is necessary and sufficient for initiating male sex determination by directing the development of supporting cell precursors (pre-Sertoli cells) as Sertoli rather than granulosa cells (PubMed:16996051, PubMed:16414182).

Involved in different aspects of gene regulation including promoter activation or repression (PubMed:16488877).

Binds to the DNA consensus sequence 5'-[AT]AACAA[AT]-3' (By similarity).

SRY HMG box recognizes DNA by partial intercalation in the minor groove and promotes DNA bending (By similarity).

Also involved in pre-mRNA splicing (By similarity).

In male adult brain involved in the maintenance of motor functions of dopaminergic neurons (PubMed:16488877).

2 PublicationsBy similarity1 Publication

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section specifies the position and type of each DNA-binding domain present within the protein.<p><a href='/help/dna_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>DNA bindingi5 – 73HMG boxPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST69

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionActivator, Calmodulin-binding, DNA-binding, Repressor
Biological processDifferentiation, Sexual differentiation, Transcription, Transcription regulation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Sex-determining region Y protein
Alternative name(s):
Testis-determining factor
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Sry
Synonyms:Tdf
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome Y

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
3759, Sry

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000487061 – 169Sex-determining region Y proteinAdd BLAST169

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei81N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Acetylation of Lys-81 contributes to its nuclear localization and enhances its interaction with KPNB1. Deacetylated by HDAC3.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P36394

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in the substantia nigra (at protein level).1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with CALM, EP300, HDAC3, KPNB1, ZNF208 isoform KRAB-O, SLC9A3R2 and WT1 (By similarity). The interaction with EP300 modulates its DNA-binding activity (By similarity). The interaction with KPNB1 is sensitive to dissociation by Ran in the GTP-bound form (By similarity).

Interacts with PARP1; leading to impair its DNA-binding activity (PubMed:16904257).

By similarity1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P36394

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni4 – 81Sufficient for interaction with KPNB1By similarityAdd BLAST78
Regioni6 – 22Required for nuclear localizationBy similarityAdd BLAST17
Regioni52 – 84Sufficient for interaction with EP300By similarityAdd BLAST33
Regioni75 – 81Required for nuclear localizationBy similarity7
Regioni92 – 144Necessary for interaction with ZNF208 isoform KRAB-OBy similarityAdd BLAST53
Regioni94 – 138Necessary for interaction with SLC9A3R2 and nuclear accumulation of SLC9A3R2By similarityAdd BLAST45
Regioni144 – 169DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST26

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the SRY family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P36394

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.30.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR009071, HMG_box_dom
IPR036910, HMG_box_dom_sf
IPR017253, SRY

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10270:SF199, PTHR10270:SF199, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00505, HMG_box, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00398, HMG, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47095, SSF47095, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50118, HMG_BOX_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

P36394-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MEGHVKRPMN AFMVWSRGER RKLAQQNPSM QNSEISKHLG YQWKSLTEAE
60 70 80 90 100
KRPFFQEAQR LKTLHREKYP NYKYQPHRRV KVPQRSYTLQ REVASTKLYN
110 120 130 140 150
LLQWDNNLHT IIYGQDWARA AHQSSKNQKS IYLQPVDIPT GYPLQQKQQH
160
QQQQHVHLQQ QQQQQHQFH
Length:169
Mass (Da):20,465
Last modified:February 10, 2021 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iD3A027A6735FE432
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
Q9ERV8Q9ERV8_RAT
Sex-determining region Y protein
Sry Sry1
169Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti4H → Q in CAA61882 (PubMed:9203057).Curated1
Sequence conflicti21R → H in CAA61882 (PubMed:9203057).Curated1
Sequence conflicti31Q → R in CAA81533 (PubMed:8162230).Curated1
Sequence conflicti38H → Q in CAA61882 (PubMed:9203057).Curated1
Sequence conflicti45S → M in CAA10943 (PubMed:9571157).Curated1
Sequence conflicti55F → L in CAA81533 (PubMed:8162230).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC243442 Genomic DNA No translation available.
X89730 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA61882.1
AJ222688 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA10943.1
Z26907 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA81533.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S58088

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_036904.1, NM_012772.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000092902; ENSRNOP00000076001; ENSRNOG00000062090

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
25221

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:25221

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/cross_references_section">Cross-references</a> section provides links to various web resources that are relevant for a specific protein.<p><a href='/help/web_resource' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Web resourcesi

Protein Spotlight

The tenuous nature of sex - Issue 80 of March 2007

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC243442 Genomic DNA No translation available.
X89730 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA61882.1
AJ222688 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA10943.1
Z26907 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA81533.1
PIRiS58088
RefSeqiNP_036904.1, NM_012772.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP36394
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP36394

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000092902; ENSRNOP00000076001; ENSRNOG00000062090
GeneIDi25221
KEGGirno:25221

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
6736
RGDi3759, Sry

Phylogenomic databases

InParanoidiP36394

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.30.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009071, HMG_box_dom
IPR036910, HMG_box_dom_sf
IPR017253, SRY
PANTHERiPTHR10270:SF199, PTHR10270:SF199, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00505, HMG_box, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00398, HMG, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47095, SSF47095, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50118, HMG_BOX_2, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSRY_RAT
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P36394
Secondary accession number(s): O88776, Q63558
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 1, 1994
Last sequence update: February 10, 2021
Last modified: September 29, 2021
This is version 130 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Protein Spotlight
    Protein Spotlight articles and cited UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries
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