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Entry version 72 (05 Jun 2019)
Sequence version 2 (26 Feb 2008)
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Protein

Neurovirulence factor ICP34.5

Gene

ICP34.5

Organism
Human herpesvirus 1 (strain 17) (HHV-1) (Human herpes simplex virus 1)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Plays essential roles in viral nuclear egress to mediate capsid transit across the nuclear membrane and also in the inhibition of host immune response. Facilitates nuclear egress cooperatively with host C1QBP and protein kinase C/PKC to induce lamin A/C phosphorylation and subsequent reorganization. In turn, lamina disassembles and nuclear egress occurs (PubMed:27630226). Recruits the serine/threonine protein phosphatase PPP1CA/PP1-alpha to dephosphorylate the translation initiation factor eIF-2A, thereby couteracting the host shutoff of protein synthesis involving double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase EIF2AK2/PKR. In turn, controls host IRF3 activation and subsequently inhibits host interferon response (PubMed:28904192). Controls the DNA sensing pathway by interacting with and inhibiting host STING/TMEM173 (PubMed:30045990). Also down-modulates the host MHC class II proteins cell surface expression. Acts as a neurovirulence factor that has a profound effect on the growth of the virus in central nervous system tissue, by interqcting with host BECN1 and thereby antagonizing the host autophagy response (PubMed:18005679).6 Publications

Miscellaneous

ICP34.5 is detected as early as 3 hpi prior to viral replication but reaches maximal levels late in infection. ICP34.5 gene is therefore classified as gamma-1 or leaky late gene.
The phosphatase activity of the ICP34.5-PP1 complex toward EIF2S1 is specifically inhibited by Salubrinal, which inhibits viral replication.By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processHost-virus interaction, Inhibition of host autophagy by virus, Inhibition of host innate immune response by virus, Inhibition of host interferon signaling pathway by virus, Inhibition of host RLR pathway by virus, Modulation of host PP1 activity by virus, Viral immunoevasion, Virulence

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Neurovirulence factor ICP34.5
Alternative name(s):
Infected cell protein 34.5
protein gamma(1)34.5
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ICP34.5
Synonyms:RL1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHuman herpesvirus 1 (strain 17) (HHV-1) (Human herpes simplex virus 1)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10299 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiVirusesHerpesviralesHerpesviridaeAlphaherpesvirinaeSimplexvirus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section only exists in viral entries and indicates the host(s) either as a specific organism or taxonomic group of organisms that are susceptible to be infected by a virus.<p><a href='/help/virus_host' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Virus hostiHomo sapiens (Human) [TaxID: 9606]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009294 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Genome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Host cytoplasm, Host nucleus, Virion

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001158061 – 248Neurovirulence factor ICP34.5Add BLAST248

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P36313

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with human PPP1CA to form a high-molecular-weight complex that dephosphorylates eIF2-alpha (By similarity). Binds to proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), which may release host cells from growth arrest and facilitate viral replication.

Interacts (via N-terminus) with host C1QBP and PRKCA (PubMed:27630226).

Interacts with protein UL31 (PubMed:27630226).

Interacts with host TBK1 (PubMed:28904192).

Interacts with host STING/TMEM173; this interaction inhibits the intracellular DNA sensing pathway (PubMed:30045990).

Interacts with host BECN1; this interaction modulates host autophagy (PubMed:18005679).

By similarity5 Publications

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
PPP1CAP621364EBI-6149234,EBI-357253From Homo sapiens.

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
971431, 12 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P36313, 13 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
P36313

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P36313

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section indicates the positions and types of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains within the protein.<p><a href='/help/repeat' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Repeati161 – 16313
Repeati164 – 16623
Repeati167 – 16933
Repeati170 – 17243
Repeati173 – 17553

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 16Required for nucleolar localizationBy similarityAdd BLAST16
Regioni161 – 1755 X 3 AA tandem repeats of A-T-PAdd BLAST15
Regioni175 – 188Binding to PP1CABy similarityAdd BLAST14
Regioni190 – 248Important for interferon resistanceBy similarityAdd BLAST59

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi128 – 137Nuclear export signalBy similarity10
Motifi200 – 218Bipartite nuclear localization signalBy similarityAdd BLAST19

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi3 – 8Poly-Arg6
Compositional biasi10 – 175Pro-richAdd BLAST166
Compositional biasi75 – 81Poly-Asp7

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The triplet repeats region may play a role in modulating virus egress.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the PPP1R15 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K19437

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR019523 Prot_Pase1_reg-su15A/B_C

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF10488 PP1c_bdg, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P36313-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MARRRRHRGP RRPRPPGPTG AVPTAQSQVT STPNSEPAVR SAPAAAPPPP
60 70 80 90 100
PAGGPPPSCS LLLRQWLHVP ESASDDDDDD DWPDSPPPEP APEARPTAAA
110 120 130 140 150
PRPRPPPPGV GPGGGADPSH PPSRPFRLPP RLALRLRVTA EHLARLRLRR
160 170 180 190 200
AGGEGAPEPP ATPATPATPA TPATPARVRF SPHVRVRHLV VWASAARLAR
210 220 230 240
RGSWARERAD RARFRRRVAE AEAVIGPCLG PEARARALAR GAGPANSV
Length:248
Mass (Da):26,196
Last modified:February 26, 2008 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iBF216520CB379478
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X14112 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA32285.1
X14112 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA32348.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
JQ1682

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
YP_009137073.1, NC_001806.2
YP_009137134.1, NC_001806.2

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
2703395
2703396

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
vg:2703395
vg:2703396

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X14112 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA32285.1
X14112 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA32348.1
PIRiJQ1682
RefSeqiYP_009137073.1, NC_001806.2
YP_009137134.1, NC_001806.2

3D structure databases

SMRiP36313
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi971431, 12 interactors
IntActiP36313, 13 interactors
MINTiP36313

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP36313

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi2703395
2703396
KEGGivg:2703395
vg:2703396

Phylogenomic databases

KOiK19437

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR019523 Prot_Pase1_reg-su15A/B_C
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF10488 PP1c_bdg, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiICP34_HHV11
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P36313
Secondary accession number(s): O12396
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 1, 1994
Last sequence update: February 26, 2008
Last modified: June 5, 2019
This is version 72 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programViral Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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