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Protein

Zinc finger protein 93

Gene

ZNF93

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Transcription factor specifically required to repress long interspersed nuclear element 1 (L1) retrotransposons: recognizes and binds L1 sequences and repress their expression by recruiting a repressive complex containing TRIM28/KAP1 (PubMed:25274305). Not able to repress expression of all subtypes of L1 elements. Binds to the 5' end of L1PA4, L1PA5 and L1PA6 subtypes, and some L1PA3 subtypes. Does not bind to L1PA7 or older subtypes nor at the most recently evolved L1PA2 and L1Hs. 50% of L1PA3 elements have lost the ZNF93-binding site, explaining why ZNF93 is not able to repress their expression (PubMed:25274305).1 Publication

Miscellaneous

ZNF93 is only present in primates and evolved to repress the primate L1 lineage until 12.5 million years. Evolution stopped when the L1PA3-subfamily of retrotransposons, that escape repression by ZNF93 through the removal of the ZNF93-binding site, appeared (PubMed:25274305).1 Publication
Confers resistance to ET-743 (trabectedin, Yondelis) and PM00104 (Zalypsis), 2 marine derived compounds with antitumor activity in cancer cell lines.1 Publication

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Zinc fingeri145 – 167C2H2-type 1; degeneratePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri173 – 195C2H2-type 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri201 – 223C2H2-type 3PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri229 – 251C2H2-type 4PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri257 – 279C2H2-type 5PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri285 – 307C2H2-type 6PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri313 – 335C2H2-type 7PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri341 – 363C2H2-type 8PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri369 – 391C2H2-type 9PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri397 – 419C2H2-type 10PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri425 – 447C2H2-type 11PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri453 – 475C2H2-type 12PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri481 – 503C2H2-type 13PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri509 – 531C2H2-type 14PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri537 – 559C2H2-type 15PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri565 – 587C2H2-type 16PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri593 – 615C2H2-type 17PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding, Repressor
Biological processTranscription, Transcription regulation
LigandMetal-binding, Zinc

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Zinc finger protein 93
Alternative name(s):
Zinc finger protein 505
Zinc finger protein HTF34
Gene namesi
Name:ZNF93
Synonyms:ZNF505
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome 19

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000184635.13
HGNCiHGNC:13169 ZNF93
MIMi603975 gene
neXtProtiNX_P35789

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNETi81931
OpenTargetsiENSG00000184635
PharmGKBiPA37741

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiZNF93
DMDMi85681872

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00000474021 – 620Zinc finger protein 93Add BLAST620

Proteomic databases

EPDiP35789
MaxQBiP35789
PaxDbiP35789
PeptideAtlasiP35789
PRIDEiP35789
ProteomicsDBi55151
55152 [P35789-2]
55153 [P35789-3]

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP35789
PhosphoSitePlusiP35789

Expressioni

Developmental stagei

Expressed early during embryonic development.

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000184635 Expressed in 185 organ(s), highest expression level in secondary oocyte
CleanExiHS_ZNF93
ExpressionAtlasiP35789 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP35789 HS

Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi123631, 1 interactor
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000342002

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP35789
SMRiP35789
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini4 – 75KRABPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST72

Sequence similaritiesi

Zinc finger

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Zinc fingeri145 – 167C2H2-type 1; degeneratePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri173 – 195C2H2-type 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri201 – 223C2H2-type 3PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri229 – 251C2H2-type 4PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri257 – 279C2H2-type 5PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri285 – 307C2H2-type 6PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri313 – 335C2H2-type 7PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri341 – 363C2H2-type 8PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri369 – 391C2H2-type 9PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri397 – 419C2H2-type 10PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri425 – 447C2H2-type 11PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri453 – 475C2H2-type 12PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri481 – 503C2H2-type 13PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri509 – 531C2H2-type 14PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri537 – 559C2H2-type 15PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri565 – 587C2H2-type 16PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Zinc fingeri593 – 615C2H2-type 17PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat, Zinc-finger

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1721 Eukaryota
COG5048 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00910000144042
HOGENOMiHOG000234617
HOVERGENiHBG018163
InParanoidiP35789
KOiK09228
OMAiNCSANLI
OrthoDBiEOG091G02KC
PhylomeDBiP35789
TreeFamiTF342117

Family and domain databases

CDDicd07765 KRAB_A-box, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001909 KRAB
IPR036051 KRAB_dom_sf
IPR036236 Znf_C2H2_sf
IPR013087 Znf_C2H2_type
IPR017125 Znf_PRDM5-like
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01352 KRAB, 1 hit
PF00096 zf-C2H2, 14 hits
PIRSFiPIRSF037162 PRDM, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00349 KRAB, 1 hit
SM00355 ZnF_C2H2, 17 hits
SUPFAMiSSF109640 SSF109640, 1 hit
SSF57667 SSF57667, 9 hits
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50805 KRAB, 1 hit
PS00028 ZINC_FINGER_C2H2_1, 16 hits
PS50157 ZINC_FINGER_C2H2_2, 17 hits

Sequences (3+)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 3 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

This entry has 3 described isoforms and 5 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Isoform 1 (identifier: P35789-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGPLQFRDVA IEFSLEEWHC LDTAQRNLYR NVMLENYSNL VFLGIVVSKP
60 70 80 90 100
DLIAHLEQGK KPLTMKRHEM VANPSVICSH FAQDLWPEQN IKDSFQKVIL
110 120 130 140 150
RRYEKRGHGN LQLIKRCESV DECKVHTGGY NGLNQCSTTT QSKVFQCDKY
160 170 180 190 200
GKVFHKFSNS NRHNIRHTEK KPFKCIECGK AFNQFSTLIT HKKIHTGEKP
210 220 230 240 250
YICEECGKAF KYSSALNTHK RIHTGEKPYK CDKCDKAFIA SSTLSKHEII
260 270 280 290 300
HTGKKPYKCE ECGKAFNQSS TLTKHKKIHT GEKPYKCEEC GKAFNQSSTL
310 320 330 340 350
TKHKKIHTGE KPYVCEECGK AFKYSRILTT HKRIHTGEKP YKCNKCGKAF
360 370 380 390 400
IASSTLSRHE FIHMGKKHYK CEECGKAFIW SSVLTRHKRV HTGEKPYKCE
410 420 430 440 450
ECGKAFKYSS TLSSHKRSHT GEKPYKCEEC GKAFVASSTL SKHEIIHTGK
460 470 480 490 500
KPYKCEECGK AFNQSSSLTK HKKIHTGEKP YKCEECGKAF NQSSSLTKHK
510 520 530 540 550
KIHTGEKPYK CEECGKAFNQ SSTLIKHKKI HTREKPYKCE ECGKAFHLST
560 570 580 590 600
HLTTHKILHT GEKPYRCREC GKAFNHSATL SSHKKIHSGE KPYECDKCGK
610 620
AFISPSSLSR HEIIHTGEKP
Length:620
Mass (Da):70,971
Last modified:January 10, 2006 - v4
Checksum:i722A49B2EA82801A
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: P35789-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     391-418: Missing.

Note: No experimental confirmation available.
Show »
Length:592
Mass (Da):67,799
Checksum:i6718FB94ED926F46
GO
Isoform 3 (identifier: P35789-3) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     499-582: Missing.

Note: No experimental confirmation available.
Show »
Length:536
Mass (Da):61,323
Checksum:iD9515EAF8AE19FD1
GO

Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 5 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
K7EQ36K7EQ36_HUMAN
Zinc finger protein 93 (HTF34), iso...
ZNF93 hCG_1775441
119Annotation score:
K7ES58K7ES58_HUMAN
Zinc finger protein 93
ZNF93
84Annotation score:
K7EPG7K7EPG7_HUMAN
Zinc finger protein 93 (HTF34), iso...
ZNF93 hCG_1775441
123Annotation score:
K7EPV7K7EPV7_HUMAN
Zinc finger protein 93
ZNF93
120Annotation score:
A0A1W2PNY2A0A1W2PNY2_HUMAN
Zinc finger protein 93
ZNF93
340Annotation score:

Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAD22981 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous gene model prediction.Curated
The sequence BAB14093 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sequence conflicti75S → SGP in AAA83548 (PubMed:2023909).Curated1
Sequence conflicti89Q → H in AAA83548 (PubMed:2023909).Curated1
Sequence conflicti119S → R in AAA83548 (PubMed:2023909).Curated1
Sequence conflicti136C → S in AAA83548 (PubMed:2023909).Curated1
Sequence conflicti153V → D in AAA83548 (PubMed:2023909).Curated1
Sequence conflicti337G → E in BAC04764 (PubMed:14702039).Curated1
Sequence conflicti597K → E in BAC04764 (PubMed:14702039).Curated1

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural variantiVAR_05276893D → Y1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs12151060Ensembl.1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Alternative sequenceiVSP_016988391 – 418Missing in isoform 2. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST28
Alternative sequenceiVSP_016989499 – 582Missing in isoform 3. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST84

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK022550 mRNA Translation: BAB14093.1 Different initiation.
AK096342 mRNA Translation: BAC04764.1
AC007204 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD22981.1 Sequence problems.
AC011477 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CH471106 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW84866.1
BC136718 mRNA Translation: AAI36719.1
BC136719 mRNA Translation: AAI36720.1
M61873 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA83548.1
CCDSiCCDS32973.1 [P35789-1]
PIRiH39384
RefSeqiNP_112495.2, NM_031218.3 [P35789-1]
UniGeneiHs.301059
Hs.723768

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000343769; ENSP00000342002; ENSG00000184635 [P35789-1]
GeneIDi81931
KEGGihsa:81931
UCSCiuc002non.4 human [P35789-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing, Polymorphism

Similar proteinsi

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK022550 mRNA Translation: BAB14093.1 Different initiation.
AK096342 mRNA Translation: BAC04764.1
AC007204 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD22981.1 Sequence problems.
AC011477 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CH471106 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW84866.1
BC136718 mRNA Translation: AAI36719.1
BC136719 mRNA Translation: AAI36720.1
M61873 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA83548.1
CCDSiCCDS32973.1 [P35789-1]
PIRiH39384
RefSeqiNP_112495.2, NM_031218.3 [P35789-1]
UniGeneiHs.301059
Hs.723768

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP35789
SMRiP35789
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi123631, 1 interactor
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000342002

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP35789
PhosphoSitePlusiP35789

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiZNF93
DMDMi85681872

Proteomic databases

EPDiP35789
MaxQBiP35789
PaxDbiP35789
PeptideAtlasiP35789
PRIDEiP35789
ProteomicsDBi55151
55152 [P35789-2]
55153 [P35789-3]

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000343769; ENSP00000342002; ENSG00000184635 [P35789-1]
GeneIDi81931
KEGGihsa:81931
UCSCiuc002non.4 human [P35789-1]

Organism-specific databases

CTDi81931
DisGeNETi81931
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000184635.13
GeneCardsiZNF93
HGNCiHGNC:13169 ZNF93
MIMi603975 gene
neXtProtiNX_P35789
OpenTargetsiENSG00000184635
PharmGKBiPA37741
GenAtlasiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1721 Eukaryota
COG5048 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00910000144042
HOGENOMiHOG000234617
HOVERGENiHBG018163
InParanoidiP35789
KOiK09228
OMAiNCSANLI
OrthoDBiEOG091G02KC
PhylomeDBiP35789
TreeFamiTF342117

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRSiZNF93 human
GenomeRNAii81931
PROiPR:P35789
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000184635 Expressed in 185 organ(s), highest expression level in secondary oocyte
CleanExiHS_ZNF93
ExpressionAtlasiP35789 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP35789 HS

Family and domain databases

CDDicd07765 KRAB_A-box, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001909 KRAB
IPR036051 KRAB_dom_sf
IPR036236 Znf_C2H2_sf
IPR013087 Znf_C2H2_type
IPR017125 Znf_PRDM5-like
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01352 KRAB, 1 hit
PF00096 zf-C2H2, 14 hits
PIRSFiPIRSF037162 PRDM, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00349 KRAB, 1 hit
SM00355 ZnF_C2H2, 17 hits
SUPFAMiSSF109640 SSF109640, 1 hit
SSF57667 SSF57667, 9 hits
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50805 KRAB, 1 hit
PS00028 ZINC_FINGER_C2H2_1, 16 hits
PS50157 ZINC_FINGER_C2H2_2, 17 hits
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiZNF93_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P35789
Secondary accession number(s): A6NMY2
, B9EGT2, Q8N8Q4, Q9H9X5, Q9Y2N8
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 1, 1994
Last sequence update: January 10, 2006
Last modified: October 10, 2018
This is version 169 of the entry and version 4 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Human chromosome 19
    Human chromosome 19: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  4. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  5. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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