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Entry version 171 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 2 (01 Feb 1996)
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Protein

Carnitine O-acetyltransferase, mitochondrial

Gene

CAT2

Organism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Carnitine acetylase is specific for short chain fatty acids. Carnitine acetylase seems to affect the flux through the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. It may be involved as well in the transport of acetyl-CoA into mitochondria.

Miscellaneous

Present with 450 molecules/cell in log phase SD medium.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei378Proton acceptorBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei461Coenzyme ABy similarity1
Binding sitei494CarnitineBy similarity1
Binding sitei498Coenzyme A; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
Binding sitei507CarnitineBy similarity1
Binding sitei597Coenzyme A; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • carnitine O-acetyltransferase activity Source: SGD

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAcyltransferase, Transferase
Biological processFatty acid metabolism, Lipid metabolism, Transport

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
YEAST:YML042W-MONOMER

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
2.3.1.7 984
2.3.1.8 984

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Carnitine O-acetyltransferase, mitochondrial (EC:2.3.1.7)
Short name:
Carnitine acetylase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CAT2
Synonyms:CAT, YCAT
Ordered Locus Names:YML042W
ORF Names:YM8054.01
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSaccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri559292 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaSaccharomycotinaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesSaccharomycetaceaeSaccharomyces
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002311 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome XIII

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
FungiDB:YML042W

Saccharomyces Genome Database

More...
SGDi
S000004506 CAT2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion inner membrane, Peroxisome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_0000004431? – 670Carnitine O-acetyltransferase, mitochondrial
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – ?MitochondrionSequence analysis

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P32796

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P32796

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By ethanol. Repressed by galactose.

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
35127, 59 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-2476N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P32796, 9 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4932.YML042W

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P32796

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni465 – 472Coenzyme A bindingBy similarity8

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi668 – 670Microbody targeting signalSequence analysis3

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00950000182629

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000233845

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P32796

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00624

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
NWIYEWW

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000542 Carn_acyl_trans
IPR039551 Cho/carn_acyl_trans

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR22589 PTHR22589, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00755 Carn_acyltransf, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00439 ACYLTRANSF_C_1, 1 hit
PS00440 ACYLTRANSF_C_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative initiation. AlignAdd to basket
Isoform Mitochondrial (identifier: P32796-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MRICHSRTLS NLKDLPITSR RAMHSAIVNY STQKAQFPVE TNNGEHYWAE
60 70 80 90 100
KPNKFYQNKR PNFQGITFAK QQDLPSLPVP ELKSTLDKYL QTIRPFCNDV
110 120 130 140 150
ETFERQQLLC KDFSEHMGPI LQDRLKEYAN DKRNWMAKFW DEQSYLQYND
160 170 180 190 200
PIVPYVSYFY SHMPLPNHLS KIDNDPLIKA TAIISTVVKF IEAIKDESLP
210 220 230 240 250
VEIIKGMPFC MNSFSLMFNT SRLPGKPEDN QDTNIFYSVY ENNFVTIAYK
260 270 280 290 300
GKFYKLMTHD GNDKPLSENE IWRQLYSVVF QGSQSDPKLG GIGSLTSLPR
310 320 330 340 350
DQWREVHLEL MKDPISQDSL ETIHKSSFML CLDLDQSPVT LEEKSRNCWH
360 370 380 390 400
GDGINRFYDK SLQFLVTGNG SSGFLAEHSK MDGTPTLFLN NYVCQQLNKL
410 420 430 440 450
DVDDFMRKVI TPSSTVAMKP MELPFIITPK IHKAIESAQL QFKETIGEHD
460 470 480 490 500
LRVWHYNKYG KTFIKRHGMS PDAFIQQVIQ LAVFKYLKRQ LPTYEAASTR
510 520 530 540 550
KYFKGRTETG RSVSTASLEF VSKWQNGDVP IAEKIQALKH SAKEHSTYLK
560 570 580 590 600
NAANGNGVDR HFFGLKNMLK SNDDQIPPLF KDPLFNYSST WLISTSQLSS
610 620 630 640 650
EYFDGYGWSQ VNDNGFGLAY MLNNEWLHIN IVNKPAKSGA SVNRLHYYLS
660 670
QAADEIFDAL ENENKRKAKL
Length:670
Mass (Da):77,242
Last modified:February 1, 1996 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iC707BAC7ECB4D095
GO
Isoform Peroxisomal (identifier: P32796-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     1-22: Missing.

Note: Produced by alternative initiation at Met-23 of isoform Mitochondrial.
Show »
Length:648
Mass (Da):74,691
Checksum:i36FED5BA0F5C6BA1
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti263D → H in CAA78399 (PubMed:8420957).Curated1
Sequence conflicti308L → M in CAA78399 (PubMed:8420957).Curated1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_0186901 – 22Missing in isoform Peroxisomal. CuratedAdd BLAST22

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
Z14021 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA78399.1
Z48430 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA88327.1
BK006946 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA09857.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S52478

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_013670.1, NM_001182400.1 [P32796-1]

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
YML042W_mRNA; YML042W_mRNA; YML042W [P32796-1]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
854965

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sce:YML042W

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative initiation

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
Z14021 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA78399.1
Z48430 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA88327.1
BK006946 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA09857.1
PIRiS52478
RefSeqiNP_013670.1, NM_001182400.1 [P32796-1]

3D structure databases

SMRiP32796
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi35127, 59 interactors
DIPiDIP-2476N
IntActiP32796, 9 interactors
STRINGi4932.YML042W

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP32796
PRIDEiP32796

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiYML042W_mRNA; YML042W_mRNA; YML042W [P32796-1]
GeneIDi854965
KEGGisce:YML042W

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiFungiDB:YML042W
SGDiS000004506 CAT2

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00950000182629
HOGENOMiHOG000233845
InParanoidiP32796
KOiK00624
OMAiNWIYEWW

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciYEAST:YML042W-MONOMER
BRENDAi2.3.1.7 984
2.3.1.8 984

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P32796

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000542 Carn_acyl_trans
IPR039551 Cho/carn_acyl_trans
PANTHERiPTHR22589 PTHR22589, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00755 Carn_acyltransf, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00439 ACYLTRANSF_C_1, 1 hit
PS00440 ACYLTRANSF_C_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCACP_YEAST
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P32796
Secondary accession number(s): D6VZD3
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1993
Last sequence update: February 1, 1996
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 171 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Yeast
    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae): entries, gene names and cross-references to SGD
  2. Yeast chromosome XIII
    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) chromosome XIII: entries and gene names
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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