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Protein

RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase

Gene

Akt1

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

AKT1 is one of 3 closely related serine/threonine-protein kinases (AKT1, AKT2 and AKT3) called the AKT kinase, and which regulate many processes including metabolism, proliferation, cell survival, growth and angiogenesis. This is mediated through serine and/or threonine phosphorylation of a range of downstream substrates. Over 100 substrate candidates have been reported so far, but for most of them, no isoform specificity has been reported. AKT is responsible of the regulation of glucose uptake by mediating insulin-induced translocation of the SLC2A4/GLUT4 glucose transporter to the cell surface. Phosphorylation of PTPN1 at 'Ser-50' negatively modulates its phosphatase activity preventing dephosphorylation of the insulin receptor and the attenuation of insulin signaling. Phosphorylation of TBC1D4 triggers the binding of this effector to inhibitory 14-3-3 proteins, which is required for insulin-stimulated glucose transport. AKT regulates also the storage of glucose in the form of glycogen by phosphorylating GSK3A at 'Ser-21' and GSK3B at 'Ser-9', resulting in inhibition of its kinase activity. Phosphorylation of GSK3 isoforms by AKT is also thought to be one mechanism by which cell proliferation is driven. AKT regulates also cell survival via the phosphorylation of MAP3K5 (apoptosis signal-related kinase). Phosphorylation of 'Ser-83' decreases MAP3K5 kinase activity stimulated by oxidative stress and thereby prevents apoptosis. AKT mediates insulin-stimulated protein synthesis by phosphorylating TSC2 at 'Ser-939' and 'Thr-1462', thereby activating mTORC1 signaling and leading to both phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 and in activation of RPS6KB1. AKT is involved in the phosphorylation of members of the FOXO factors (Forkhead family of transcription factors), leading to binding of 14-3-3 proteins and cytoplasmic localization. In particular, FOXO1 is phosphorylated at 'Thr-24', 'Ser-256' and 'Ser-319'. FOXO3 and FOXO4 are phosphorylated on equivalent sites. AKT has an important role in the regulation of NF-kappa-B-dependent gene transcription and positively regulates the activity of CREB1 (cyclic AMP (cAMP)-response element binding protein). The phosphorylation of CREB1 induces the binding of accessory proteins that are necessary for the transcription of pro-survival genes such as BCL2 and MCL1. AKT phosphorylates 'Ser-454' on ATP citrate lyase (ACLY), thereby potentially regulating ACLY activity and fatty acid synthesis. Activates the 3B isoform of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE3B) via phosphorylation of 'Ser-273', resulting in reduced cyclic AMP levels and inhibition of lipolysis. Phosphorylates PIKFYVE on 'Ser-318', which results in increased PI3P-5 activity. The Rho GTPase-activating protein DLC1 is another substrate and its phosphorylation is implicated in the regulation cell proliferation and cell growth. AKT plays a role as key modulator of the AKT-mTOR signaling pathway controlling the tempo of the process of newborn neurons integration during adult neurogenesis, including correct neuron positioning, dendritic development and synapse formation. Signals downstream of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) to mediate the effects of various growth factors such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). AKT mediates the antiapoptotic effects of IGF-I. Essential for the SPATA13-mediated regulation of cell migration and adhesion assembly and disassembly. May be involved in the regulation of the placental development. Phosphorylates STK4/MST1 at 'Thr-120' and 'Thr-387' leading to inhibition of its: kinase activity, nuclear translocation, autophosphorylation and ability to phosphorylate FOXO3. Phosphorylates STK3/MST2 at 'Thr-117' and 'Thr-384' leading to inhibition of its: cleavage, kinase activity, autophosphorylation at Thr-180, binding to RASSF1 and nuclear translocation. Phosphorylates SRPK2 and enhances its kinase activity towards SRSF2 and ACIN1 and promotes its nuclear translocation (By similarity). Phosphorylates RAF1 at 'Ser-259' and negatively regulates its activity (By similarity). Phosphorylates KAT6A at 'Thr-369' and this phosphorylation inhibits the interaction of KAT6A with PML and negatively regulates its acetylation activity towards p53/TP53 (By similarity).By similarity
AKT1-specific substrates have been recently identified, including palladin (PALLD), which phosphorylation modulates cytoskeletal organization and cell motility; prohibitin (PHB), playing an important role in cell metabolism and proliferation; and CDKN1A, for which phosphorylation at 'Thr-145' induces its release from CDK2 and cytoplasmic relocalization. These recent findings indicate that the AKT1 isoform has a more specific role in cell motility and proliferation. Phosphorylates CLK2 thereby controlling cell survival to ionizing radiation.10 Publications

Caution

In light of strong homologies in the primary amino acid sequence, the 3 AKT kinases were long surmised to play redundant and overlapping roles. More recent studies has brought into question the redundancy within AKT kinase isoforms and instead pointed to isoform specific functions in different cellular events and diseases. AKT1 is more specifically involved in cellular survival pathways, by inhibiting apoptotic processes; whereas AKT2 is more specific for the insulin receptor signaling pathway. Moreover, while AKT1 and AKT2 are often implicated in many aspects of cellular transformation, the 2 isoforms act in a complementary opposing manner. The role of AKT3 is less clear, though it appears to be predominantly expressed in brain.Curated

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Three specific sites, one in the kinase domain (Thr-308) and the two other ones in the C-terminal regulatory region (Ser-473 and Tyr-474), need to be phosphorylated for its full activation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei53Inositol-(1,3,4,5)-tetrakisphosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei86Inositol-(1,3,4,5)-tetrakisphosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei161Inhibitor; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
Binding sitei179ATP1
Binding sitei230Inhibitor; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
Binding sitei234InhibitorBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei274Proton acceptorPROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Binding sitei292InhibitorBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi156 – 164ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation9

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDevelopmental protein, Kinase, Serine/threonine-protein kinase, Transferase
Biological processApoptosis, Carbohydrate metabolism, Glucose metabolism, Glycogen biosynthesis, Glycogen metabolism, Neurogenesis, Sugar transport, Translation regulation, Transport
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

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BRENDAi
2.7.11.1 3474

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

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Reactomei
R-MMU-1257604 PIP3 activates AKT signaling
R-MMU-1358803 Downregulation of ERBB2:ERBB3 signaling
R-MMU-1474151 Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) synthesis, recycling, salvage and regulation
R-MMU-165159 mTOR signalling
R-MMU-198323 AKT phosphorylates targets in the cytosol
R-MMU-198693 AKT phosphorylates targets in the nucleus
R-MMU-199418 Negative regulation of the PI3K/AKT network
R-MMU-203615 eNOS activation
R-MMU-211163 AKT-mediated inactivation of FOXO1A
R-MMU-354192 Integrin alphaIIb beta3 signaling
R-MMU-3769402 Deactivation of the beta-catenin transactivating complex
R-MMU-389357 CD28 dependent PI3K/Akt signaling
R-MMU-389513 CTLA4 inhibitory signaling
R-MMU-392451 G beta:gamma signalling through PI3Kgamma
R-MMU-450385 Butyrate Response Factor 1 (BRF1) binds and destabilizes mRNA
R-MMU-450604 KSRP (KHSRP) binds and destabilizes mRNA
R-MMU-5218920 VEGFR2 mediated vascular permeability
R-MMU-5628897 TP53 Regulates Metabolic Genes
R-MMU-6804757 Regulation of TP53 Degradation
R-MMU-6804758 Regulation of TP53 Activity through Acetylation
R-MMU-6804759 Regulation of TP53 Activity through Association with Co-factors
R-MMU-6811558 PI5P, PP2A and IER3 Regulate PI3K/AKT Signaling
R-MMU-69202 Cyclin E associated events during G1/S transition
R-MMU-69656 Cyclin A:Cdk2-associated events at S phase entry
R-MMU-8849469 PTK6 Regulates RTKs and Their Effectors AKT1 and DOK1
R-MMU-8876198 RAB GEFs exchange GTP for GDP on RABs
R-MMU-8948751 Regulation of PTEN stability and activity
R-MMU-9604323 Negative regulation of NOTCH4 signaling

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (EC:2.7.11.1)
Alternative name(s):
AKT1 kinase
Protein kinase B
Short name:
PKB
Protein kinase B alpha
Short name:
PKB alpha
Proto-oncogene c-Akt
RAC-PK-alpha
Thymoma viral proto-oncogene
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Akt1
Synonyms:Akt, Rac
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 12

Organism-specific databases

Mouse genome database (MGD) from Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI)

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MGIi
MGI:87986 Akt1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Membrane, Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Show fetal growth impairment and reduced vascularization in the placenta; majority of pups died within 10 days.1 Publication

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi176Y → F: Significant loss of interaction with TNK2. Loss of membrane localization. Significant reduction in phosphorylation on Ser-473. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi179K → A: Lacks kinase activity. Overexpression inhibits insulin-stimulated translocation of SLC2A4/GLUT4 in a dominant negative manner. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi308T → A: Does not affect ubiquitination by ZNRF1. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi473S → A: Does not affect ubiquitination by ZNRF1. 1 Publication1

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL5859

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000856061 – 480RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinaseAdd BLAST480

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei14N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei20N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi60 ↔ 77By similarity
Modified residuei124PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei126Phosphoserine; alternateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi126O-linked (GlcNAc) serine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei129Phosphoserine; alternateCombined sources1
Glycosylationi129O-linked (GlcNAc) serine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei176Phosphotyrosine; by TNK21 Publication1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes <strong>covalent linkages</strong> of various types formed <strong>between two proteins (interchain cross-links)</strong> or <strong>between two parts of the same protein (intrachain cross-links)</strong>, except the disulfide bonds that are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/disulfid">'Disulfide bond'</a> subsection.<p><a href='/help/crosslnk' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-linki284Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)By similarity
Disulfide bondi296 ↔ 310By similarity
Glycosylationi305O-linked (GlcNAc) threonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei308Phosphothreonine; by IKKE, PDPK1 and TBK14 Publications1
Glycosylationi312O-linked (GlcNAc) threonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei448PhosphothreonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei450Phosphothreonine; by MTOR1 Publication1
Modified residuei473Phosphoserine; by IKKE, MTOR and TBK1; alternate3 Publications1 Publication1
Glycosylationi473O-linked (GlcNAc) serine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei474PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

O-GlcNAcylation at Thr-305 and Thr-312 inhibits activating phosphorylation at Thr-308 via disrupting the interaction between AKT1 and PDPK1. O-GlcNAcylation at Ser-473 also probably interferes with phosphorylation at this site (By similarity).By similarity
Phosphorylation on Thr-308, Ser-473 and Tyr-474 is required for full activity. Activated TNK2 phosphorylates it on Tyr-176 resulting in its binding to the anionic plasma membrane phospholipid PA. This phosphorylated form localizes to the plasma membrane, where it is targeted by PDPK1 and PDPK2 for further phosphorylations on Thr-308 and Ser-473 leading to its activation. Ser-473 phosphorylation by mTORC2 favors Thr-308 phosphorylation by PDPK1. Phosphorylated at Thr-308 and Ser-473 by IKBKE and TBK1. Ser-473 phosphorylation is enhanced by signaling through activated FLT3. Dephosphorylated at Thr-308 and Ser-473 by PP2A phosphatase. The phosphorylated form of PPP2R5B is required for bridging AKT1 with PP2A phosphatase. Ser-473 is dephosphorylated by CPPED1, leading to termination of signaling (By similarity).By similarity
Ubiquitinated; undergoes both 'Lys-48'- and 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitination. TRAF6-induced 'Lys-63'-linked AKT1 ubiquitination is critical for phosphorylation and activation. When ubiquitinated, it translocates to the plasma membrane, where it becomes phosphorylated. When fully phosphorylated and translocated into the nucleus, undergoes 'Lys-48'-polyubiquitination catalyzed by TTC3, leading to its degradation by the proteasome. Also ubiquitinated by TRIM13 leading to its proteasomal degradation. Ubiquitinated via 'Lys-48'-linked polyubiquitination by ZNRF1, leading to its degradation by the proteasome. Phosphorylated, undergoes 'Lys-48'-linked polyubiquitination preferentially at Lys-284 catalyzed by MUL1, leading to its proteasomal degradation.8 Publications
Acetylated on Lys-14 and Lys-20 by the histone acetyltransferases EP300 and KAT2B. Acetylation results in reduced phosphorylation and inhibition of activity. Deacetylated at Lys-14 and Lys-20 by SIRT1. SIRT1-mediated deacetylation relieves the inhibition (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein, Isopeptide bond, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

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EPDi
P31750

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

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MaxQBi
P31750

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

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PaxDbi
P31750

PeptideAtlas

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PeptideAtlasi
P31750

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

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PRIDEi
P31750

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

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iPTMneti
P31750

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

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PhosphoSitePlusi
P31750

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

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SwissPalmi
P31750

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Widely expressed. Low levels found in liver with slightly higher levels present in thymus and testis.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at the protein level’.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Expressed in trophoblast and vessel endothelial cells of the placenta and in the brain at 14.5 dpc (at protein level).1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

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Bgeei
ENSMUSG00000001729 Expressed in 313 organ(s), highest expression level in neocortex

CleanEx database of gene expression profiles

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CleanExi
MM_AKT1

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

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ExpressionAtlasi
P31750 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

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Genevisiblei
P31750 MM

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with and phosphorylated by PDPK1 (By similarity). Interacts with AGAP2 (isoform 2/PIKE-A); the interaction occurs in the presence of guanine nucleotides. Interacts with AKTIP. Interacts (via PH domain) with MTCP1, TCL1A AND TCL1B. Interacts with CDKN1B; the interaction phosphorylates CDKN1B promoting 14-3-3 binding and cell-cycle progression. Interacts with MAP3K5 and TRAF6. Interacts with BAD, PPP2R5B, STK3 and STK4. Interacts (via PH domain) with SIRT1. Interacts with SRPK2 in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. Interacts with TRIM13; the interaction ubiquitinates AKT1 leading to its proteasomal degradation. Interacts with RAF1 (By similarity). Interacts (via the C-terminus) with CCDC88A (via its C-terminus) and THEM4 (via its C-terminus). Interacts with GRB10; the interaction leads to GRB10 phosphorylation thus promoting YWHAE-binding. Interacts with KCTD20 (PubMed:24156551). Interacts with BTBD10 (PubMed:18160256). Interacts with PA2G4 (By similarity). Interacts with KIF14; the interaction is detected in the plasma membrane upon INS stimulation and promotes AKT1 phosphorylation (By similarity). Interacts with FAM83B; activates the PI3K/AKT signaling cascade (By similarity). Interacts with WDFY2 (via WD repeats 1-3) (PubMed:16792529, PubMed:20189988). Forms a complex with WDFY2 and FOXO1 (PubMed:18388859). Interacts with FAM168A (By similarity). Interacts with SYAP1 (via phosphorylated form and BSD domain); this interaction is enhanced in a mTORC2-mediated manner in response to epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation and activates AKT1 (PubMed:23300339). Interacts with PKHM3 (PubMed:19028694).By similarity12 Publications

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

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BioGridi
198056, 38 interactors

CORUM comprehensive resource of mammalian protein complexes

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CORUMi
P31750

Database of interacting proteins

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DIPi
DIP-736N

The Eukaryotic Linear Motif resource for Functional Sites in Proteins

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ELMi
P31750

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
P31750, 27 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

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MINTi
P31750

STRING: functional protein association networks

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STRINGi
10090.ENSMUSP00000001780

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

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BindingDBi
P31750

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

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ProteinModelPortali
P31750

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P31750

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini5 – 108PHPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST104
Domaini150 – 408Protein kinasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST259
Domaini409 – 480AGC-kinase C-terminalAdd BLAST72

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni14 – 19Inositol-(1,3,4,5)-tetrakisphosphate bindingBy similarity6
Regioni23 – 25Inositol-(1,3,4,5)-tetrakisphosphate bindingBy similarity3
Regioni228 – 230Inhibitor bindingBy similarity3

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

Binding of the PH domain to phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PI(3,4,5)P3) following phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase alpha (PIK3CA) activity results in its targeting to the plasma membrane. The PH domain mediates interaction with TNK2 and Tyr-176 is also essential for this interaction.
The AGC-kinase C-terminal mediates interaction with THEM4.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

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eggNOGi
KOG0598 Eukaryota
ENOG410XNPH LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

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GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000158752

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

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HOGENOMi
HOG000233033

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

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HOVERGENi
HBG108317

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
P31750

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K04456

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
QDDSMES

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
EOG091G06FF

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

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TreeFami
TF102004

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

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CDDi
cd01241 PH_PKB, 1 hit
cd05594 STKc_PKB_alpha, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

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Gene3Di
2.30.29.30, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000961 AGC-kinase_C
IPR034676 Akt1
IPR011009 Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR011993 PH-like_dom_sf
IPR001849 PH_domain
IPR039026 PH_PKB
IPR017892 Pkinase_C
IPR000719 Prot_kinase_dom
IPR017441 Protein_kinase_ATP_BS
IPR039027 RAC_alpha/beta
IPR008271 Ser/Thr_kinase_AS

The PANTHER Classification System

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PANTHERi
PTHR24356:SF176 PTHR24356:SF176, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

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Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00169 PH, 1 hit
PF00069 Pkinase, 1 hit
PF00433 Pkinase_C, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

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SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00233 PH, 1 hit
SM00133 S_TK_X, 1 hit
SM00220 S_TKc, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

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SUPFAMi
SSF56112 SSF56112, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

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PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51285 AGC_KINASE_CTER, 1 hit
PS50003 PH_DOMAIN, 1 hit
PS00107 PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP, 1 hit
PS50011 PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM, 1 hit
PS00108 PROTEIN_KINASE_ST, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 3 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

P31750-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MNDVAIVKEG WLHKRGEYIK TWRPRYFLLK NDGTFIGYKE RPQDVDQRES
60 70 80 90 100
PLNNFSVAQC QLMKTERPRP NTFIIRCLQW TTVIERTFHV ETPEEREEWA
110 120 130 140 150
TAIQTVADGL KRQEEETMDF RSGSPSDNSG AEEMEVSLAK PKHRVTMNEF
160 170 180 190 200
EYLKLLGKGT FGKVILVKEK ATGRYYAMKI LKKEVIVAKD EVAHTLTENR
210 220 230 240 250
VLQNSRHPFL TALKYSFQTH DRLCFVMEYA NGGELFFHLS RERVFSEDRA
260 270 280 290 300
RFYGAEIVSA LDYLHSEKNV VYRDLKLENL MLDKDGHIKI TDFGLCKEGI
310 320 330 340 350
KDGATMKTFC GTPEYLAPEV LEDNDYGRAV DWWGLGVVMY EMMCGRLPFY
360 370 380 390 400
NQDHEKLFEL ILMEEIRFPR TLGPEAKSLL SGLLKKDPTQ RLGGGSEDAK
410 420 430 440 450
EIMQHRFFAN IVWQDVYEKK LSPPFKPQVT SETDTRYFDE EFTAQMITIT
460 470 480
PPDQDDSMEC VDSERRPHFP QFSYSASGTA
Length:480
Mass (Da):55,707
Last modified:July 27, 2011 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i98DF28E5EFE03730
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 3 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
D3Z783D3Z783_MOUSE
RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein ...
Akt1
437Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
D3YXX3D3YXX3_MOUSE
RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein ...
Akt1
202Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
D3YYP9D3YYP9_MOUSE
RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein ...
Akt1
134Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti367R → A in AAA18254 (Ref. 3) Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

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DDBJi
Links Updated
X65687 mRNA Translation: CAA46620.1
AF534134 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN04036.1
M94335 mRNA Translation: AAA18254.1
AK154936 mRNA Translation: BAE32937.1
CH466549 Genomic DNA Translation: EDL18586.1
BC066018 mRNA Translation: AAH66018.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

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CCDSi
CCDS26194.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

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PIRi
S33364

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
NP_001159366.1, NM_001165894.1
NP_001318036.1, NM_001331107.1
NP_033782.1, NM_009652.3
XP_006515478.1, XM_006515415.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

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UniGenei
Mm.6645

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

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Ensembli
ENSMUST00000001780; ENSMUSP00000001780; ENSMUSG00000001729

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

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GeneIDi
11651

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

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KEGGi
mmu:11651

UCSC genome browser

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UCSCi
uc007pex.2 mouse

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X65687 mRNA Translation: CAA46620.1
AF534134 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN04036.1
M94335 mRNA Translation: AAA18254.1
AK154936 mRNA Translation: BAE32937.1
CH466549 Genomic DNA Translation: EDL18586.1
BC066018 mRNA Translation: AAH66018.1
CCDSiCCDS26194.1
PIRiS33364
RefSeqiNP_001159366.1, NM_001165894.1
NP_001318036.1, NM_001331107.1
NP_033782.1, NM_009652.3
XP_006515478.1, XM_006515415.1
UniGeneiMm.6645

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP31750
SMRiP31750
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi198056, 38 interactors
CORUMiP31750
DIPiDIP-736N
ELMiP31750
IntActiP31750, 27 interactors
MINTiP31750
STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000001780

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiP31750
ChEMBLiCHEMBL5859

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP31750
PhosphoSitePlusiP31750
SwissPalmiP31750

Proteomic databases

EPDiP31750
MaxQBiP31750
PaxDbiP31750
PeptideAtlasiP31750
PRIDEiP31750

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000001780; ENSMUSP00000001780; ENSMUSG00000001729
GeneIDi11651
KEGGimmu:11651
UCSCiuc007pex.2 mouse

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
207
MGIiMGI:87986 Akt1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0598 Eukaryota
ENOG410XNPH LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000158752
HOGENOMiHOG000233033
HOVERGENiHBG108317
InParanoidiP31750
KOiK04456
OMAiQDDSMES
OrthoDBiEOG091G06FF
TreeFamiTF102004

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi2.7.11.1 3474
ReactomeiR-MMU-1257604 PIP3 activates AKT signaling
R-MMU-1358803 Downregulation of ERBB2:ERBB3 signaling
R-MMU-1474151 Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) synthesis, recycling, salvage and regulation
R-MMU-165159 mTOR signalling
R-MMU-198323 AKT phosphorylates targets in the cytosol
R-MMU-198693 AKT phosphorylates targets in the nucleus
R-MMU-199418 Negative regulation of the PI3K/AKT network
R-MMU-203615 eNOS activation
R-MMU-211163 AKT-mediated inactivation of FOXO1A
R-MMU-354192 Integrin alphaIIb beta3 signaling
R-MMU-3769402 Deactivation of the beta-catenin transactivating complex
R-MMU-389357 CD28 dependent PI3K/Akt signaling
R-MMU-389513 CTLA4 inhibitory signaling
R-MMU-392451 G beta:gamma signalling through PI3Kgamma
R-MMU-450385 Butyrate Response Factor 1 (BRF1) binds and destabilizes mRNA
R-MMU-450604 KSRP (KHSRP) binds and destabilizes mRNA
R-MMU-5218920 VEGFR2 mediated vascular permeability
R-MMU-5628897 TP53 Regulates Metabolic Genes
R-MMU-6804757 Regulation of TP53 Degradation
R-MMU-6804758 Regulation of TP53 Activity through Acetylation
R-MMU-6804759 Regulation of TP53 Activity through Association with Co-factors
R-MMU-6811558 PI5P, PP2A and IER3 Regulate PI3K/AKT Signaling
R-MMU-69202 Cyclin E associated events during G1/S transition
R-MMU-69656 Cyclin A:Cdk2-associated events at S phase entry
R-MMU-8849469 PTK6 Regulates RTKs and Their Effectors AKT1 and DOK1
R-MMU-8876198 RAB GEFs exchange GTP for GDP on RABs
R-MMU-8948751 Regulation of PTEN stability and activity
R-MMU-9604323 Negative regulation of NOTCH4 signaling

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

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ChiTaRSi
Akt1 mouse

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P31750

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSMUSG00000001729 Expressed in 313 organ(s), highest expression level in neocortex
CleanExiMM_AKT1
ExpressionAtlasiP31750 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP31750 MM

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01241 PH_PKB, 1 hit
cd05594 STKc_PKB_alpha, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.30.29.30, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000961 AGC-kinase_C
IPR034676 Akt1
IPR011009 Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR011993 PH-like_dom_sf
IPR001849 PH_domain
IPR039026 PH_PKB
IPR017892 Pkinase_C
IPR000719 Prot_kinase_dom
IPR017441 Protein_kinase_ATP_BS
IPR039027 RAC_alpha/beta
IPR008271 Ser/Thr_kinase_AS
PANTHERiPTHR24356:SF176 PTHR24356:SF176, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00169 PH, 1 hit
PF00069 Pkinase, 1 hit
PF00433 Pkinase_C, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00233 PH, 1 hit
SM00133 S_TK_X, 1 hit
SM00220 S_TKc, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56112 SSF56112, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51285 AGC_KINASE_CTER, 1 hit
PS50003 PH_DOMAIN, 1 hit
PS00107 PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP, 1 hit
PS50011 PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM, 1 hit
PS00108 PROTEIN_KINASE_ST, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiAKT1_MOUSE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P31750
Secondary accession number(s): Q62274, Q6GSA6
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1993
Last sequence update: July 27, 2011
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 207 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Human and mouse protein kinases
    Human and mouse protein kinases: classification and index
  3. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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