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Entry version 146 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 2 (01 Nov 1997)
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Protein

Adenine deaminase

Gene

ade

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Miscellaneous

Ade is a cryptic gene in wild-type strains. The physiological conditions that lead to its activation are unknown.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mn2+2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>pH dependencei

Optimum pH is 6.5-7.0.

Temperature dependencei

Optimum temperature is 60 degrees Celsius.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase
LigandManganese

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
EcoCyc:EG11692-MONOMER
ECOL316407:JW3640-MONOMER
MetaCyc:EG11692-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Adenine deaminase (EC:3.5.4.2)
Short name:
Adenase
Short name:
Adenine aminase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ade
Synonyms:yicP
Ordered Locus Names:b3665, JW3640
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

Organism-specific databases

Escherichia coli strain K12 genome database

More...
EcoGenei
EG11692 ade

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001424201 – 588Adenine deaminaseAdd BLAST588

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P31441

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P31441

2D gel databases

Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis database from the Geneva University Hospital

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SWISS-2DPAGEi
P31441

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Repressed by H-NS. Activated by insertion of a variety of IS elements into a region extending from -145 to +13 relative to the transcription start site. IS elements essentially eliminate the H-NS-mediated silencing, but also stimulate ade expression 2-3 fold independently of the H-NS protein.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
4262580, 9 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-12439N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P31441, 11 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
511145.b3665

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P31441

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105CPN Bacteria
COG1001 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000276949

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P31441

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K01486

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

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PhylomeDBi
P31441

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

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CDDi
cd01295 AdeC, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

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Gene3Di
2.30.40.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_01518 Adenine_deamin, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR006679 Adenine_deam
IPR026912 Adenine_deam_C
IPR006680 Amidohydro-rel
IPR011059 Metal-dep_hydrolase_composite
IPR032466 Metal_Hydrolase

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11113:SF2 PTHR11113:SF2, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF13382 Adenine_deam_C, 1 hit
PF01979 Amidohydro_1, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51338 SSF51338, 1 hit
SSF51556 SSF51556, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01178 ade, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P31441-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MNNSINHKFH HISRAEYQEL LAVSRGDAVA DYIIDNVSIL DLINGGEISG
60 70 80 90 100
PIVIKGRYIA GVGAEYTDAP ALQRIDARGA TAVPGFIDAH LHIESSMMTP
110 120 130 140 150
VTFETATLPR GLTTVICDPH EIVNVMGEAG FAWFARCAEQ ARQNQYLQVS
160 170 180 190 200
SCVPALEGCD VNGASFTLEQ MLAWRDHPQV TGLAEMMDYP GVISGQNALL
210 220 230 240 250
DKLDAFRHLT LDGHCPGLGG KELNAYITAG IENCHESYQL EEGRRKLQLG
260 270 280 290 300
MSLMIREGSA ARNLNALAPL INEFNSPQCM LCTDDRNPWE IAHEGHIDAL
310 320 330 340 350
IRRLIEQHNV PLHVAYRVAS WSTARHFGLN HLGLLAPGKQ ADIVLLSDAR
360 370 380 390 400
KVTVQQVLVK GEPIDAQTLQ AEESARLAQS APPYGNTIAR QPVSASDFAL
410 420 430 440 450
QFTPGKRYRV IDVIHNELIT HSHSSVYSEN GFDRDDVSFI AVLERYGQRL
460 470 480 490 500
APACGLLGGF GLNEGALAAT VSHDSHNIVV IGRSAEEMAL AVNQVIQDGG
510 520 530 540 550
GLCVVRNGQV QSHLPLPIAG LMSTDTAQSL AEQIDALKAA ARECGPLPDE
560 570 580
PFIQMAFLSL PVIPALKLTS QGLFDGEKFA FTTLEVTE
Length:588
Mass (Da):63,739
Last modified:November 1, 1997 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i2732C6B1B6595E48
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
L10328 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA62017.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC76688.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE77628.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

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PIRi
B65168

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_418121.1, NC_000913.3
WP_001065718.1, NZ_LN832404.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAC76688; AAC76688; b3665
BAE77628; BAE77628; BAE77628

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
948210

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecj:JW3640
eco:b3665

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|1411691.4.peg.3040

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L10328 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA62017.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC76688.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE77628.1
PIRiB65168
RefSeqiNP_418121.1, NC_000913.3
WP_001065718.1, NZ_LN832404.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP31441
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi4262580, 9 interactors
DIPiDIP-12439N
IntActiP31441, 11 interactors
STRINGi511145.b3665

2D gel databases

SWISS-2DPAGEiP31441

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP31441
PRIDEiP31441

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC76688; AAC76688; b3665
BAE77628; BAE77628; BAE77628
GeneIDi948210
KEGGiecj:JW3640
eco:b3665
PATRICifig|1411691.4.peg.3040

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

More...
EchoBASEi
EB1643
EcoGeneiEG11692 ade

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105CPN Bacteria
COG1001 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000276949
InParanoidiP31441
KOiK01486
PhylomeDBiP31441

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciEcoCyc:EG11692-MONOMER
ECOL316407:JW3640-MONOMER
MetaCyc:EG11692-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P31441

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01295 AdeC, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.30.40.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_01518 Adenine_deamin, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR006679 Adenine_deam
IPR026912 Adenine_deam_C
IPR006680 Amidohydro-rel
IPR011059 Metal-dep_hydrolase_composite
IPR032466 Metal_Hydrolase
PANTHERiPTHR11113:SF2 PTHR11113:SF2, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF13382 Adenine_deam_C, 1 hit
PF01979 Amidohydro_1, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51338 SSF51338, 1 hit
SSF51556 SSF51556, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01178 ade, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiADEC_ECOLI
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P31441
Secondary accession number(s): P78121, Q2M7X8
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1993
Last sequence update: November 1, 1997
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 146 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Escherichia coli
    Escherichia coli (strain K12): entries and cross-references to EcoGene
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