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Entry version 106 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 2 (01 Oct 1996)
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Protein

Leucine aminopeptidase, chloroplastic

Gene

LAP

Organism
Solanum tuberosum (Potato)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Presumably involved in the processing and regular turnover of intracellular proteins.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

  • Release of an N-terminal amino acid, Xaa-|-Yaa-, in which Xaa is preferably Leu, but may be other amino acids including Pro although not Arg or Lys, and Yaa may be Pro. Amino acid amides and methyl esters are also readily hydrolyzed, but rates on arylamides are exceedingly low. EC:3.4.11.1
  • Release of N-terminal proline from a peptide. EC:3.4.11.5

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mn2+By similarityNote: Binds 2 Mn2+ ions per subunit.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi342Manganese 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi347Manganese 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi347Manganese 2By similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei354Sequence analysis1
Metal bindingi367Manganese 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi427Manganese 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi429Manganese 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi429Manganese 2By similarity1
Active sitei431Sequence analysis1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAminopeptidase, Hydrolase, Protease
Biological processStress response
LigandManganese, Metal-binding

Protein family/group databases

MEROPS protease database

More...
MEROPSi
M17.002

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Leucine aminopeptidase, chloroplastic (EC:3.4.11.1)
Alternative name(s):
Leucyl aminopeptidase
Short name:
LAP
Proline aminopeptidase (EC:3.4.11.5)
Prolyl aminopeptidase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:LAP
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSolanum tuberosum (Potato)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4113 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaeasteridslamiidsSolanalesSolanaceaeSolanoideaeSolaneaeSolanum
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000011115 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unassembled WGS sequence

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chloroplast, Plastid

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 53ChloroplastSequence analysisAdd BLAST53
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000002680554 – 573Leucine aminopeptidase, chloroplasticAdd BLAST520

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P31427

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

In tubers and floral buds of untreated plants. After abscisic acid (ABA) treatment or mechanical wounding is mostly accumulated in leaves, to a lesser extent in stems, but not in roots.

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By abscisic acid (ABA), jasmonic acid (JA) and wounding.

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P31427 baseline

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homohexamer (dimer of homotrimers).

By similarity

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P31427

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi169 – 174Poly-Ala6

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the peptidase M17 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P31427

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01255

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
562530at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00433 Peptidase_M17, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00181 Cytosol_peptidase_M17, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011356 Leucine_aapep/pepB
IPR000819 Peptidase_M17_C
IPR023042 Peptidase_M17_leu_NH2_pept
IPR008283 Peptidase_M17_N

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11963 PTHR11963, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00883 Peptidase_M17, 1 hit
PF02789 Peptidase_M17_N, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00481 LAMNOPPTDASE

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00631 CYTOSOL_AP, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P31427-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MATLRVSSLL ASSPSSLHCN PSVFTKCQSS PRWAFSFSVT PLCSRRSKRI
60 70 80 90 100
VHCIAGDTLG LTRPNESDAP KISIGAKDTD VVQWQGDLLA IGATENDLAR
110 120 130 140 150
DDNSKFKNPL LQRLDSKLNG LLSAASSEED FSGKSGQSIN LRLPGGRITL
160 170 180 190 200
VGLGSSASSP TSYHSLGEAA AAAAKSAQAR NIAVSLASTD GLSAESKINS
210 220 230 240 250
ASAIATGVML GIFEDNRFRS ESKTPALESL DILGLGTGPE IESKIKYAEH
260 270 280 290 300
VCAGVILGRE LVNAPANIVT PGALAEEAKK IASTYSDVIT VNILDAEQCK
310 320 330 340 350
ELKMGAYLGV AAAATENPPY FIHLCFKTNS RERKTKIALV GKGLTFDSGG
360 370 380 390 400
YNLKTGAGSK IELMKNDMGG AAAVLGAAKA LGEIKPRGVE VHFIVAACEN
410 420 430 440 450
MISGAGMRPG DIVTASNGKT IEVNNTDAEG RLTLADALIY ACNQGVEKII
460 470 480 490 500
DLATLTGAIV TALGPSVAGA FTPSDGLARE VVVAAEASGE KLWRMPMEES
510 520 530 540 550
YWESMKSGVA DMINTGPRDG GAITGALFLK QFVDEKVQWL HLDIAGPVWS
560 570
DEKKNATGYG VSTLVEWVLR NSL
Length:573
Mass (Da):60,122
Last modified:October 1, 1996 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i3152145A4A7FB291
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X77015 mRNA Translation: CAA54314.1
X67845 mRNA Translation: CAA48038.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S41376

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001305566.1, NM_001318637.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
102595887

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sot:102595887

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X77015 mRNA Translation: CAA54314.1
X67845 mRNA Translation: CAA48038.1
PIRiS41376
RefSeqiNP_001305566.1, NM_001318637.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP31427
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiM17.002

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP31427

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi102595887
KEGGisot:102595887

Phylogenomic databases

InParanoidiP31427
KOiK01255
OrthoDBi562530at2759

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP31427 baseline

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00433 Peptidase_M17, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00181 Cytosol_peptidase_M17, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011356 Leucine_aapep/pepB
IPR000819 Peptidase_M17_C
IPR023042 Peptidase_M17_leu_NH2_pept
IPR008283 Peptidase_M17_N
PANTHERiPTHR11963 PTHR11963, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00883 Peptidase_M17, 1 hit
PF02789 Peptidase_M17_N, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00481 LAMNOPPTDASE
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00631 CYTOSOL_AP, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiAMPL_SOLTU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P31427
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1993
Last sequence update: October 1, 1996
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 106 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Peptidase families
    Classification of peptidase families and list of entries
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