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Entry version 128 (03 Jul 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Apr 1993)
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Protein

Beta-2-microglobulin

Gene

B2M

Organism
Equus caballus (Horse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Component of the class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Involved in the presentation of peptide antigens to the immune system (By similarity).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processImmunity

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Beta-2-microglobulin
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:B2M
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEquus caballus (Horse)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9796 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaPerissodactylaEquidaeEquus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002281 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:15722 B2M

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

MHC I, Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 20By similarityAdd BLAST20
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000001877821 – 118Beta-2-microglobulinAdd BLAST98

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi45 ↔ 99PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

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PaxDbi
P30441

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
P30441

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSECAG00000000685 Expressed in 3 organ(s), highest expression level in adult mammalian kidney

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P30441 baseline

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterodimer of an alpha chain and a beta chain. Beta-2-microglobulin is the beta-chain of major histocompatibility complex class I molecules (By similarity).

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P30441

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini22 – 115Ig-like C1-typeAdd BLAST94

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the beta-2-microglobulin family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Immunoglobulin domain, Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410J15A Eukaryota
ENOG410YTDG LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00690000102227

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000043084

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P30441

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K08055

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
PNFLNCY

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1556447at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF334167

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd05770 IgC_beta2m, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.60.40.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR015707 B2Microglobulin
IPR007110 Ig-like_dom
IPR036179 Ig-like_dom_sf
IPR013783 Ig-like_fold
IPR003006 Ig/MHC_CS
IPR003597 Ig_C1-set

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR19944:SF62 PTHR19944:SF62, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF07654 C1-set, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00407 IGc1, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48726 SSF48726, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50835 IG_LIKE, 1 hit
PS00290 IG_MHC, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P30441-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MARVVALVLL GLLSLTGLEA VPRVPKVQVY SRHPAENGKP NFLNCYVSGF
60 70 80 90 100
HPPEIEIDLL KNGEKMKVDR SDLSFSKDWS FYLLVHTDFT PNGVDEYSCR
110
VQHSTLKDPL IVKWDRDL
Length:118
Mass (Da):13,426
Last modified:April 1, 1993 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i67BDBFDD4D01FB38
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X69083 mRNA Translation: CAA48827.1
AY124653 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77008.1
AY124656, AY124654, AY124655 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77009.1
AY124659, AY124657, AY124658 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77010.1
AY124662, AY124660, AY124661 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77011.1
AY124665, AY124663, AY124664 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77012.1
AY124668, AY124666, AY124667 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77013.1
AY124671, AY124669, AY124670 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77014.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
I46244 S30566

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001075971.1, NM_001082502.3
XP_005602652.1, XM_005602595.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSECAT00000001009; ENSECAP00000000811; ENSECAG00000000685

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
100034203

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecb:100034203

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X69083 mRNA Translation: CAA48827.1
AY124653 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77008.1
AY124656, AY124654, AY124655 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77009.1
AY124659, AY124657, AY124658 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77010.1
AY124662, AY124660, AY124661 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77011.1
AY124665, AY124663, AY124664 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77012.1
AY124668, AY124666, AY124667 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77013.1
AY124671, AY124669, AY124670 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM77014.1
PIRiI46244 S30566
RefSeqiNP_001075971.1, NM_001082502.3
XP_005602652.1, XM_005602595.2

3D structure databases

SMRiP30441
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP30441
PeptideAtlasiP30441

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSECAT00000001009; ENSECAP00000000811; ENSECAG00000000685
GeneIDi100034203
KEGGiecb:100034203

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
567
VGNCiVGNC:15722 B2M

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410J15A Eukaryota
ENOG410YTDG LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00690000102227
HOGENOMiHOG000043084
InParanoidiP30441
KOiK08055
OMAiPNFLNCY
OrthoDBi1556447at2759
TreeFamiTF334167

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSECAG00000000685 Expressed in 3 organ(s), highest expression level in adult mammalian kidney
ExpressionAtlasiP30441 baseline

Family and domain databases

CDDicd05770 IgC_beta2m, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.60.40.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR015707 B2Microglobulin
IPR007110 Ig-like_dom
IPR036179 Ig-like_dom_sf
IPR013783 Ig-like_fold
IPR003006 Ig/MHC_CS
IPR003597 Ig_C1-set
PANTHERiPTHR19944:SF62 PTHR19944:SF62, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF07654 C1-set, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00407 IGc1, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48726 SSF48726, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50835 IG_LIKE, 1 hit
PS00290 IG_MHC, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiB2MG_HORSE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P30441
Secondary accession number(s): Q540U6, Q6YLH6
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 1, 1993
Last sequence update: April 1, 1993
Last modified: July 3, 2019
This is version 128 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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