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Entry version 154 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 2 (17 Oct 2006)
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Protein

Cyclin-A2

Gene

CCNA2

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Cyclin which controls both the G1/S and the G2/M transition phases of the cell cycle. Functions through the formation of specific serine/threonine kinase holoenzyme complexes with the cyclin-dependent protein kinases CDK1 and CDK2. The cyclin subunit confers the substrate specificity of these complexes and differentially interacts with and activates CDK1 and CDK2 throughout the cell cycle.By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCyclin
Biological processCell cycle, Cell division, Mitosis

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cyclin-A2Curated
Short name:
Cyclin-A1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CCNA2By similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL4106153

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000803371 – 430Cyclin-A2Add BLAST430

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei1N-acetylmethionineBy similarity1
Modified residuei5PhosphoserineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Polyubiquitinated via 'Lys-11'-linked ubiquitin by the anaphase-promoting complex (APC/C), leading to its degradation by the proteasome. Deubiquitinated and stabilized by USP37 enables entry into S phase.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P30274

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P30274

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with the CDK1 and CDK2 protein kinases to form serine/threonine kinase holoenzyme complexes.

Interacts with CDK1 (hyperphosphorylated form in G1 and underphosphorylated forms in S and G2).

Interacts with CDK2; the interaction increases from G1 to G2.

Interacts (associated with CDK2 but not with CDK1) with SCAPER; regulates the activity of CCNA2/CDK2 by transiently maintaining CCNA2 in the cytoplasm.

Forms a ternary complex with CDK2 and CDKN1B; CDKN1B inhibits the kinase activity of CDK2 through conformational rearrangements.

Interacts with INCA1.

By similarity

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
CDK2P249412EBI-15688654,EBI-375096From Homo sapiens.

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
158986, 5 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-693N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P30274, 3 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000006503

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1430
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P30274

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P30274

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the cyclin family. Cyclin AB subfamily.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0654 Eukaryota
COG5024 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000167672

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P30274

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K06627

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
993640at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00043 CYCLIN, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR039361 Cyclin
IPR032447 Cyclin-A_N
IPR013763 Cyclin-like
IPR036915 Cyclin-like_sf
IPR004367 Cyclin_C-dom
IPR006671 Cyclin_N

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10177 PTHR10177, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02984 Cyclin_C, 1 hit
PF00134 Cyclin_N, 1 hit
PF16500 Cyclin_N2, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF001771 Cyclin_A_B_D_E, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00385 CYCLIN, 2 hits
SM01332 Cyclin_C, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47954 SSF47954, 2 hits

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00292 CYCLINS, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P30274-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLGSSAHGPA AREAGSAVTL QQTAFQEDQE NVNPEKAAPA QQPRTRAGLA
60 70 80 90 100
VLRAGNSRGP APQRPKTRRV APLKDLPIND EYVPVPPWKA NNKQPAFTIH
110 120 130 140 150
VDEAEEEIQK RPTESKKSES EDVLAFNSAV TLPGPRKPLA PLDYPMDGSF
160 170 180 190 200
ESPHTMEMSV VLEDEKPVSV NEVPDYHEDI HTYLREMEVK CKPKVGYMKK
210 220 230 240 250
QPDITNSMRA ILVDWLVEVG EEYKLQNETL HLAVNYIDRF LSSMSVLRGK
260 270 280 290 300
LQLVGTAAML LASKFEEIYP PEVAEFVYIT DDTYTKKQVL RMEHLVLKVL
310 320 330 340 350
AFDLAAPTIN QFLTQYFLHQ QPANCKVESL AMFLGELSLI DADPYLKYLP
360 370 380 390 400
SVIAAAAFHL ALYTVTGQSW PESLVQKTGY TLETLKPCLL DLHQTYLRAP
410 420 430
QHAQQSIREK YKNSKYHGVS LLNPPETLNV
Length:430
Mass (Da):48,262
Last modified:October 17, 2006 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iFACA1B8E770E997F
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti24A → E in CAA48398 (PubMed:1333843).Curated1
Sequence conflicti107Missing in CAA48398 (PubMed:1333843).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC118203 mRNA Translation: AAI18204.1
X68321 mRNA Translation: CAA48398.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S24788

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001068591.1, NM_001075123.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
281667

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:281667

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC118203 mRNA Translation: AAI18204.1
X68321 mRNA Translation: CAA48398.1
PIRiS24788
RefSeqiNP_001068591.1, NM_001075123.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1VINX-ray2.00A170-429[»]
2G9XX-ray2.50B/D170-430[»]
3BHTX-ray2.00B/D169-430[»]
3BHUX-ray2.30B/D169-430[»]
3BHVX-ray2.10B/D169-430[»]
3DDPX-ray2.70B/D169-430[»]
3DDQX-ray1.80B/D169-430[»]
3DOGX-ray2.70B/D169-430[»]
3MY5X-ray2.10B/D169-430[»]
3TNWX-ray2.00B/D169-430[»]
4BCNX-ray2.10D169-430[»]
4BCOX-ray2.05B/D169-429[»]
4BCQX-ray2.40B169-429[»]
D169-430[»]
6GUBX-ray2.52B/D170-430[»]
6GUCX-ray2.00B/D170-430[»]
6GUEX-ray1.99B/D169-430[»]
6GUFX-ray2.65B/D170-430[»]
SMRiP30274
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi158986, 5 interactors
DIPiDIP-693N
IntActiP30274, 3 interactors
STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000006503

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL4106153

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP30274
PRIDEiP30274

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi281667
KEGGibta:281667

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
890

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0654 Eukaryota
COG5024 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000167672
InParanoidiP30274
KOiK06627
OrthoDBi993640at2759

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP30274

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00043 CYCLIN, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR039361 Cyclin
IPR032447 Cyclin-A_N
IPR013763 Cyclin-like
IPR036915 Cyclin-like_sf
IPR004367 Cyclin_C-dom
IPR006671 Cyclin_N
PANTHERiPTHR10177 PTHR10177, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02984 Cyclin_C, 1 hit
PF00134 Cyclin_N, 1 hit
PF16500 Cyclin_N2, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001771 Cyclin_A_B_D_E, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00385 CYCLIN, 2 hits
SM01332 Cyclin_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47954 SSF47954, 2 hits
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00292 CYCLINS, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCCNA2_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P30274
Secondary accession number(s): Q17QS7
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 1, 1993
Last sequence update: October 17, 2006
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 154 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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