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Entry version 171 (07 Apr 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Apr 1993)
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Protein

Proteasome subunit alpha type-7-A

Gene

PAD1

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity. Mediates the association of the SCF(TIR1) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex with the proteasome.

1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • endopeptidase activity Source: GO_Central

GO - Biological processi

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Proteasome subunit alpha type-7-A
Alternative name(s):
20S proteasome alpha subunit D-1
Proteasome component 6A
Proteasome subunit alpha type-4
TAS-G64
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PAD1
Synonyms:PRC6A
Ordered Locus Names:At3g51260
ORF Names:F24M12.300
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 3

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT3G51260

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:2080833, AT3G51260

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus, Proteasome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001241591 – 250Proteasome subunit alpha type-7-AAdd BLAST250

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section describes <strong>covalent linkages</strong> of various types formed <strong>between two proteins (interchain cross-links)</strong> or <strong>between two parts of the same protein (intrachain cross-links)</strong>, except the disulfide bonds that are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/disulfid">'Disulfide bond'</a> subsection.<p><a href='/help/crosslnk' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-linki62Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Isopeptide bond, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P30186

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P30186

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
226488 [P30186-1]

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in roots, leaves and flowers.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

During cell proliferation.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P30186, baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P30186, AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Component of the 20S core complex of the 26S proteasome. The 26S proteasome is composed of a core protease (CP), known as the 20S proteasome, capped at one or both ends by the 19S regulatory particle (RP/PA700). The 20S proteasome core is composed of 28 subunits that are arranged in four stacked rings, resulting in a barrel-shaped structure. The two end rings are each formed by seven alpha subunits, and the two central rings are each formed by seven beta subunits. The catalytic chamber with the active sites is on the inside of the barrel.

Interacts with KIN10 and KIN11 SnRK subunits, and with the SKP1A/ASK1 subunit of the SCF E3 ubiquitin ligase complex.

4 Publications

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
9607, 8 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P30186, 4 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT3G51260.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P30186

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the peptidase T1A family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0183, Eukaryota

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P30186

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
HEVTTKC

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P30186

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.60.20.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029055, Ntn_hydrolases_N
IPR023332, Proteasome_alpha-type
IPR000426, Proteasome_asu_N
IPR001353, Proteasome_sua/b

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00227, Proteasome, 1 hit
PF10584, Proteasome_A_N, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00948, Proteasome_A_N, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56235, SSF56235, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00388, PROTEASOME_ALPHA_1, 1 hit
PS51475, PROTEASOME_ALPHA_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 1 <p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoform i produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
Note: A number of isoforms are produced. According to EST sequences.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Isoform 1 (identifier: P30186-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MARYDRAITV FSPDGHLFQV EYALEAVRKG NAAVGVRGTD TVVLAVEKKS
60 70 80 90 100
TPKLQDSRSA RKIVSLDNHI ALACAGLKAD ARVLINKARI ECQSHRLTLE
110 120 130 140 150
DPVTVEYITR YIAGLQQKYT QSGGVRPFGL STLIVGFDPY TRIPALYQTD
160 170 180 190 200
PSGTFSAWKA NATGRNSNSI REFLEKNYKE SAGQETVKLA IRALLEVVES
210 220 230 240 250
GGKNIEVAVM TREEGVLKQL EEEEIDIIVA EIEAEKAAAE AAKKGPAKET
Length:250
Mass (Da):27,337
Last modified:April 1, 1993 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iE026335F50C74AA3
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
Q2V3Q0Q2V3Q0_ARATH
Proteasome subunit alpha type
PAD1 At3g51260
243Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti15G → N in CAA79082 (Ref. 7) Curated1
Sequence conflicti27V → L in AAM64989 (Ref. 6) Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X66825 mRNA Translation: CAA47298.1
AF043522 mRNA Translation: AAC32058.1
AL132980 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB62648.1
CP002686 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE78769.1
AY042820 mRNA Translation: AAK68760.1
AY052321 mRNA Translation: AAK96514.1
AY061899 mRNA Translation: AAL31226.1
AY081448 mRNA Translation: AAM10010.1
AY087443 mRNA Translation: AAM64989.1
Z17987 mRNA Translation: CAA79082.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S29240

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_190694.1, NM_114985.3 [P30186-1]

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT3G51260.1; AT3G51260.1; AT3G51260 [P30186-1]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
824289

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT3G51260.1; AT3G51260.1; AT3G51260 [P30186-1]

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT3G51260

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X66825 mRNA Translation: CAA47298.1
AF043522 mRNA Translation: AAC32058.1
AL132980 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB62648.1
CP002686 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE78769.1
AY042820 mRNA Translation: AAK68760.1
AY052321 mRNA Translation: AAK96514.1
AY061899 mRNA Translation: AAL31226.1
AY081448 mRNA Translation: AAM10010.1
AY087443 mRNA Translation: AAM64989.1
Z17987 mRNA Translation: CAA79082.1
PIRiS29240
RefSeqiNP_190694.1, NM_114985.3 [P30186-1]

3D structure databases

SMRiP30186
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi9607, 8 interactors
IntActiP30186, 4 interactors
STRINGi3702.AT3G51260.1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP30186
PRIDEiP30186
ProteomicsDBi226488 [P30186-1]

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT3G51260.1; AT3G51260.1; AT3G51260 [P30186-1]
GeneIDi824289
GrameneiAT3G51260.1; AT3G51260.1; AT3G51260 [P30186-1]
KEGGiath:AT3G51260

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT3G51260
TAIRilocus:2080833, AT3G51260

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0183, Eukaryota
InParanoidiP30186
OMAiHEVTTKC
PhylomeDBiP30186

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P30186

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP30186, baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP30186, AT

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.60.20.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029055, Ntn_hydrolases_N
IPR023332, Proteasome_alpha-type
IPR000426, Proteasome_asu_N
IPR001353, Proteasome_sua/b
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00227, Proteasome, 1 hit
PF10584, Proteasome_A_N, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00948, Proteasome_A_N, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56235, SSF56235, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00388, PROTEASOME_ALPHA_1, 1 hit
PS51475, PROTEASOME_ALPHA_2, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPSA7A_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P30186
Secondary accession number(s): Q41942, Q8LB36
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 1, 1993
Last sequence update: April 1, 1993
Last modified: April 7, 2021
This is version 171 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Peptidase families
    Classification of peptidase families and list of entries
  2. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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