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Entry version 139 (07 Apr 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Dec 1992)
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Protein

Aminodeoxychorismate/anthranilate synthase component 2

Gene

pabA

Organism
Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Part of a heterodimeric complex that catalyzes the two-step biosynthesis of 4-amino-4-deoxychorismate (ADC), a precursor of p-aminobenzoate (PABA) and tetrahydrofolate. In the first step, a glutamine amidotransferase (PabA) generates ammonia as a substrate that, along with chorismate, is used in the second step, catalyzed by aminodeoxychorismate synthase (PabB) to produce ADC. PabA converts glutamine into glutamate only in the presence of stoichiometric amounts of PabB. Also involved in the biosynthesis of anthranilate.

1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-tryptophan biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes L-tryptophan from chorismate. This subpathway is part of the pathway L-tryptophan biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes L-tryptophan from chorismate, the pathway L-tryptophan biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

Pathwayi: tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes 4-aminobenzoate from chorismate. This subpathway is part of the pathway tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis, which is itself part of Cofactor biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes 4-aminobenzoate from chorismate, the pathway tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis and in Cofactor biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei79PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Active sitei168PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Active sitei170PROSITE-ProRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • 4-amino-4-deoxychorismate synthase activity Source: UniProtKB
  • anthranilate synthase activity Source: UniProtKB

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase, Transferase
Biological processAmino-acid biosynthesis, Aromatic amino acid biosynthesis, Folate biosynthesis, Tryptophan biosynthesis

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

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BioCyci
BSUB:BSU00750-MONOMER

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

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SABIO-RKi
P28819

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00035;UER00040
UPA00077;UER00149

Protein family/group databases

MEROPS protease database

More...
MEROPSi
C26.955

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Aminodeoxychorismate/anthranilate synthase component 2 (EC:2.6.1.85, EC:4.1.3.27)
Short name:
ADC synthase
Short name:
ADCS
Alternative name(s):
4-amino-4-deoxychorismate synthase component 2
Aminodeoxychorismate synthase, glutamine amidotransferase component
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:pabA
Synonyms:trpG
Ordered Locus Names:BSU00750
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBacillus subtilis (strain 168)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri224308 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesBacillaceaeBacillus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001570 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000568481 – 194Aminodeoxychorismate/anthranilate synthase component 2Add BLAST194

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P28819

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Repressed by tryptophan.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer. Heterodimer consisting of two non-identical subunits: a glutamine amidotransferase subunit (PabA) and a aminodeoxychorismate synthase subunit (PabB) (By similarity).

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
224308.BSU00750

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P28819

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini1 – 194Glutamine amidotransferase type-1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST194

Keywords - Domaini

Glutamine amidotransferase

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

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eggNOGi
COG0512, Bacteria

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P28819

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
HQVVIYR

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P28819

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd01743, GATase1_Anthranilate_Synthase, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

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Gene3Di
3.40.50.880, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029062, Class_I_gatase-like
IPR017926, GATASE
IPR006221, TrpG/PapA_dom

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00117, GATase, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52317, SSF52317, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

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TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00566, trpG_papA, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

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PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51273, GATASE_TYPE_1, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P28819-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MILMIDNYDS FTYNLVQYLG ELGEELVVKR NDSITIDEIE ELSPDFLMIS
60 70 80 90 100
PGPCSPDEAG ISLEAIKHFA GKIPIFGVCL GHQSIAQVFG GDVVRAERLM
110 120 130 140 150
HGKTSDIEHD GKTIFEGLKN PLVATRYHSL IVKPETLPSC FTVTAQTKEG
160 170 180 190
EIMAIRHNDL PIEGVQFHPE SIMTSFGKEM LRNFIETYRK EVIA
Length:194
Mass (Da):21,685
Last modified:December 1, 1992 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i7167D43557DEB37A
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M34053 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA22695.1
D26185 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA05310.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB11851.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

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PIRi
B37854

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_387956.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003243797.1, NZ_JNCM01000028.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CAB11851; CAB11851; BSU_00750

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

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GeneIDi
936441

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bsu:BSU00750

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|224308.179.peg.75

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M34053 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA22695.1
D26185 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA05310.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB11851.1
PIRiB37854
RefSeqiNP_387956.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003243797.1, NZ_JNCM01000028.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP28819
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi224308.BSU00750

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiC26.955

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP28819

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAB11851; CAB11851; BSU_00750
GeneIDi936441
KEGGibsu:BSU00750
PATRICifig|224308.179.peg.75

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0512, Bacteria
InParanoidiP28819
OMAiHQVVIYR
PhylomeDBiP28819

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00035;UER00040
UPA00077;UER00149
BioCyciBSUB:BSU00750-MONOMER
SABIO-RKiP28819

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01743, GATase1_Anthranilate_Synthase, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.40.50.880, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029062, Class_I_gatase-like
IPR017926, GATASE
IPR006221, TrpG/PapA_dom
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00117, GATase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52317, SSF52317, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00566, trpG_papA, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51273, GATASE_TYPE_1, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPABA_BACSU
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P28819
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 1, 1992
Last sequence update: December 1, 1992
Last modified: April 7, 2021
This is version 139 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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