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Entry version 171 (07 Apr 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Dec 1992)
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Protein

Biodegradative arginine decarboxylase

Gene

adiA

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

ADC can be found in two forms: biodegradative and biosynthetic. The biodegradative form may play a role in regulating pH by consuming proteins.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

pyridoxal 5'-phosphate

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • arginine catabolic process Source: EcoliWiki
  • intracellular pH elevation Source: EcoCyc

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDecarboxylase, Lyase
LigandPyridoxal phosphate

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
EcoCyc:ARGDECARBOXDEG-MONOMER
MetaCyc:ARGDECARBOXDEG-MONOMER

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
4.1.1.19, 2026

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Biodegradative arginine decarboxylase (EC:4.1.1.19)
Short name:
ADC
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:adiA
Synonyms:adi
Ordered Locus Names:b4117, JW5731
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002011491 – 755Biodegradative arginine decarboxylaseAdd BLAST755

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei386N6-(pyridoxal phosphate)lysine1

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P28629

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P28629

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Under conditions of acidic pH, anaerobiosis and rich medium.

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodecamer.

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
4263079, 16 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-2903N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P28629, 6 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
511145.b4117

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1755
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P28629

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P28629

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
COG1982, Bacteria

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_014292_3_0_6

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P28629

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P28629

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00615, Orn_deC_like, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.640.10, 1 hit
3.90.1150.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR005308, OKR_de-COase_N
IPR011193, Orn/lys/arg_de-COase
IPR000310, Orn/Lys/Arg_deCO2ase_major_dom
IPR008286, Prn/Lys/Arg_de-COase_C
IPR036633, Prn/Lys/Arg_de-COase_C_sf
IPR015424, PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase
IPR015422, PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_dom1
IPR015421, PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01276, OKR_DC_1, 1 hit
PF03711, OKR_DC_1_C, 1 hit
PF03709, OKR_DC_1_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF009393, Orn_decarb, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53383, SSF53383, 1 hit
SSF55904, SSF55904, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00703, OKR_DC_1, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P28629-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKVLIVESEF LHQDTWVGNA VERLADALSQ QNVTVIKSTS FDDGFAILSS
60 70 80 90 100
NEAIDCLMFS YQMEHPDEHQ NVRQLIGKLH ERQQNVPVFL LGDREKALAA
110 120 130 140 150
MDRDLLELVD EFAWILEDTA DFIAGRAVAA MTRYRQQLLP PLFSALMKYS
160 170 180 190 200
DIHEYSWAAP GHQGGVGFTK TPAGRFYHDY YGENLFRTDM GIERTSLGSL
210 220 230 240 250
LDHTGAFGES EKYAARVFGA DRSWSVVVGT SGSNRTIMQA CMTDNDVVVV
260 270 280 290 300
DRNCHKSIEQ GLMLTGAKPV YMVPSRNRYG IIGPIYPQEM QPETLQKKIS
310 320 330 340 350
ESPLTKDKAG QKPSYCVVTN CTYDGVCYNA KEAQDLLEKT SDRLHFDEAW
360 370 380 390 400
YGYARFNPIY ADHYAMRGEP GDHNGPTVFA THSTHKLLNA LSQASYIHVR
410 420 430 440 450
EGRGAINFSR FNQAYMMHAT TSPLYAICAS NDVAVSMMDG NSGLSLTQEV
460 470 480 490 500
IDEAVDFRQA MARLYKEFTA DGSWFFKPWN KEVVTDPQTG KTYDFADAPT
510 520 530 540 550
KLLTTVQDCW VMHPGESWHG FKDIPDNWSM LDPIKVSILA PGMGEDGELE
560 570 580 590 600
ETGVPAALVT AWLGRHGIVP TRTTDFQIMF LFSMGVTRGK WGTLVNTLCS
610 620 630 640 650
FKRHYDANTP LAQVMPELVE QYPDTYANMG IHDLGDTMFA WLKENNPGAR
660 670 680 690 700
LNEAYSGLPV AEVTPREAYN AIVDNNVELV SIENLPGRIA ANSVIPYPPG
710 720 730 740 750
IPMLLSGENF GDKNSPQVSY LRSLQSWDHH FPGFEHETEG TEIIDGIYHV

MCVKA
Length:755
Mass (Da):84,425
Last modified:December 1, 1992 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i0FCB715144649F8F
GO

<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAA97017 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated
The sequence BAE78119 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti75L → P (PubMed:2830169).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M93362 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA23481.1
U14003 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA97017.1 Different initiation.
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC77078.2
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE78119.1 Different initiation.
M18425 Genomic DNA No translation available.

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S56346

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_418541.2, NC_000913.3
WP_001381593.1, NZ_SSZK01000018.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAC77078; AAC77078; b4117
BAE78119; BAE78119; BAE78119

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
57730010
948638

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecj:JW5731
eco:b4117

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|511145.12.peg.4248

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M93362 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA23481.1
U14003 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA97017.1 Different initiation.
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC77078.2
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE78119.1 Different initiation.
M18425 Genomic DNA No translation available.
PIRiS56346
RefSeqiNP_418541.2, NC_000913.3
WP_001381593.1, NZ_SSZK01000018.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
2VYCX-ray2.40A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I/J1-755[»]
SMRiP28629
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi4263079, 16 interactors
DIPiDIP-2903N
IntActiP28629, 6 interactors
STRINGi511145.b4117

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP28629
PRIDEiP28629

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC77078; AAC77078; b4117
BAE78119; BAE78119; BAE78119
GeneIDi57730010
948638
KEGGiecj:JW5731
eco:b4117
PATRICifig|511145.12.peg.4248

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

More...
EchoBASEi
EB1464

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG1982, Bacteria
HOGENOMiCLU_014292_3_0_6
InParanoidiP28629
PhylomeDBiP28629

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciEcoCyc:ARGDECARBOXDEG-MONOMER
MetaCyc:ARGDECARBOXDEG-MONOMER
BRENDAi4.1.1.19, 2026

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP28629

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P28629

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00615, Orn_deC_like, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.40.640.10, 1 hit
3.90.1150.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR005308, OKR_de-COase_N
IPR011193, Orn/lys/arg_de-COase
IPR000310, Orn/Lys/Arg_deCO2ase_major_dom
IPR008286, Prn/Lys/Arg_de-COase_C
IPR036633, Prn/Lys/Arg_de-COase_C_sf
IPR015424, PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase
IPR015422, PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_dom1
IPR015421, PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01276, OKR_DC_1, 1 hit
PF03711, OKR_DC_1_C, 1 hit
PF03709, OKR_DC_1_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF009393, Orn_decarb, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53383, SSF53383, 1 hit
SSF55904, SSF55904, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00703, OKR_DC_1, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiADIA_ECOLI
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P28629
Secondary accession number(s): P78138, Q2M6I7
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 1, 1992
Last sequence update: December 1, 1992
Last modified: April 7, 2021
This is version 171 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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