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Protein

Proteasome subunit beta

Gene

psmB

Organism
Thermoplasma acidophilum (strain ATCC 25905 / DSM 1728 / JCM 9062 / NBRC 15155 / AMRC-C165)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Component of the proteasome core, a large protease complex with broad specificity involved in protein degradation. The T.acidophilum proteasome is able to cleave oligopeptides after Tyr, Leu, Phe, and to a lesser extent after Glu and Arg. Thus, displays chymotrypsin-like activity and low level of caspase-like and trypsin-like activities.UniRule annotation1 Publication

Miscellaneous

The configuration of the closed gate contains an opening large enough to allow rapid entry of tetrapeptides but able to impede the entry of proteins and longer peptides.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

The formation of the proteasomal ATPase PAN-20S proteasome complex, via the docking of the C-termini of PAN into the intersubunit pockets in the alpha-rings, triggers opening of the gate for substrate entry. Interconversion between the open-gate and close-gate conformations leads to a dynamic regulation of the 20S proteasome proteolysis activity.UniRule annotation2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=39 µM for Suc-LLVY-Amc (at 55 degrees Celsius)1 Publication
  1. Vmax=28 nmol/min/mg enzyme with Suc-LLVY-Amc as substrate (at 55 degrees Celsius)1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei9NucleophileUniRule annotation1 Publication1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • endopeptidase activity Source: UniProtKB
  • threonine-type endopeptidase activity Source: UniProtKB

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase, Protease, Threonine protease

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
TACI273075:G1GT7-642-MONOMER

Protein family/group databases

MEROPS protease database

More...
MEROPSi
T01.002

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Proteasome subunit betaUniRule annotation (EC:3.4.25.1UniRule annotation)
Alternative name(s):
20S proteasome beta subunitUniRule annotation
Proteasome core protein PsmBUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:psmBUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:Ta0612
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiThermoplasma acidophilum (strain ATCC 25905 / DSM 1728 / JCM 9062 / NBRC 15155 / AMRC-C165)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri273075 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiArchaeaEuryarchaeotaDiaforarchaea groupThermoplasmataThermoplasmatalesThermoplasmataceaeThermoplasma
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001024 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Proteasome

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi9T → S: No effect on catalytic activity. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes a propeptide, which is a part of a protein that is cleaved during maturation or activation. Once cleaved, a propeptide generally has no independent biological function.<p><a href='/help/propep' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PropeptideiPRO_00000266751 – 8Removed in mature form; by autocatalysisUniRule annotation1 Publication8
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000266769 – 211Proteasome subunit betaAdd BLAST203

Keywords - PTMi

Autocatalytic cleavage, Zymogen

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P28061

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

The 20S proteasome core is composed of 14 alpha and 14 beta subunits that assemble into four stacked heptameric rings, resulting in a barrel-shaped structure. The two inner rings, each composed of seven catalytic beta subunits, are sandwiched by two outer rings, each composed of seven alpha subunits. The catalytic chamber with the active sites is on the inside of the barrel. Has a gated structure, the ends of the cylinder being occluded by the N-termini of the alpha-subunits. Is capped at one or both ends by the proteasome regulatory ATPase, PAN.UniRule annotation6 Publications

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
273075.Ta0612

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1211
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

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ProteinModelPortali
P28061

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P28061

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P28061

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the peptidase T1B family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
arCOG00970 Archaea
COG0638 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000091083

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K03433

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
DLCVIRK

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
POG093Z0CM8

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd03764 proteasome_beta_archeal, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.60.20.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_02113_A Proteasome_B_A, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029055 Ntn_hydrolases_N
IPR019983 Pept_T1A_Psome_bsu_arc
IPR000243 Pept_T1A_subB
IPR016050 Proteasome_bsu_CS
IPR001353 Proteasome_sua/b
IPR023333 Proteasome_suB-type

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11599:SF108 PTHR11599:SF108, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00227 Proteasome, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00141 PROTEASOME

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56235 SSF56235, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR03634 arc_protsome_B, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00854 PROTEASOME_BETA_1, 1 hit
PS51476 PROTEASOME_BETA_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P28061-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MNQTLETGTT TVGITLKDAV IMATERRVTM ENFIMHKNGK KLFQIDTYTG
60 70 80 90 100
MTIAGLVGDA QVLVRYMKAE LELYRLQRRV NMPIEAVATL LSNMLNQVKY
110 120 130 140 150
MPYMVQLLVG GIDTAPHVFS IDAAGGSVED IYASTGSGSP FVYGVLESQY
160 170 180 190 200
SEKMTVDEGV DLVIRAISAA KQRDSASGGM IDVAVITRKD GYVQLPTDQI
210
ESRIRKLGLI L
Length:211
Mass (Da):23,147
Last modified:August 1, 1992 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iF81B9360641873DD
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M83674 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA72102.1
AL445064 Genomic DNA Translation: CAC11751.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A42068

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_010901036.1, NC_002578.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CAC11751; CAC11751; CAC11751

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
1456195

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
tac:Ta0612

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M83674 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA72102.1
AL445064 Genomic DNA Translation: CAC11751.1
PIRiA42068
RefSeqiWP_010901036.1, NC_002578.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1PMAX-ray3.401/2/B/P/Q/R/S/T/U/V/W/X/Y/Z1-211[»]
1YA7X-ray2.30H/I/J/K/L/M/N1-211[»]
1YARX-ray1.90H/I/J/K/L/M/N1-211[»]
1YAUX-ray2.40H/I/J/K/L/M/N1-211[»]
3C91electron microscopy6.801/2/H/I/J/K/L/M/N/V/W/X/Y/Z9-211[»]
3C92electron microscopy6.801/2/H/I/J/K/L/M/N/V/W/X/Y/Z9-211[»]
3IPMX-ray4.00H/I/J/K/L/M/N1-211[»]
3J9Ielectron microscopy3.301/2/H/I/J/K/L/M/N/V/W/X/Y/Z9-211[»]
3JRMX-ray2.90H/I/J/K/L/M/N9-211[»]
3JSEX-ray2.90H/I/J/K/L/M/N9-211[»]
3JTLX-ray3.20H/I/J/K/L/M/N9-211[»]
5VY3electron microscopy3.101/B/D/F/H/J/L/N/P/R/T/V/X/Z9-211[»]
5VY4electron microscopy3.301/B/D/F/H/J/L/N/P/R/T/V/X/Z9-211[»]
6BDFelectron microscopy2.801/B/D/F/H/J/L/N/P/R/T/V/X/Z1-211[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP28061
SMRiP28061
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi273075.Ta0612

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiT01.002

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP28061

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAC11751; CAC11751; CAC11751
GeneIDi1456195
KEGGitac:Ta0612

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiarCOG00970 Archaea
COG0638 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000091083
KOiK03433
OMAiDLCVIRK
OrthoDBiPOG093Z0CM8

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciTACI273075:G1GT7-642-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP28061

Family and domain databases

CDDicd03764 proteasome_beta_archeal, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.60.20.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_02113_A Proteasome_B_A, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029055 Ntn_hydrolases_N
IPR019983 Pept_T1A_Psome_bsu_arc
IPR000243 Pept_T1A_subB
IPR016050 Proteasome_bsu_CS
IPR001353 Proteasome_sua/b
IPR023333 Proteasome_suB-type
PANTHERiPTHR11599:SF108 PTHR11599:SF108, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00227 Proteasome, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00141 PROTEASOME
SUPFAMiSSF56235 SSF56235, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03634 arc_protsome_B, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00854 PROTEASOME_BETA_1, 1 hit
PS51476 PROTEASOME_BETA_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPSB_THEAC
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P28061
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1992
Last sequence update: August 1, 1992
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 135 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Peptidase families
    Classification of peptidase families and list of entries
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