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Entry version 119 (05 Dec 2018)
Sequence version 1 (01 Aug 1992)
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Protein

Hexokinase-1

Gene

HK1

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Miscellaneous

In vertebrates there are four major glucose-phosphorylating isoenzymes, designated hexokinase I, II, III and IV (glucokinase).

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Hexokinase is an allosteric enzyme inhibited by its product Glc-6-P.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: hexose metabolism

This protein is involved in the pathway hexose metabolism, which is part of Carbohydrate metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway hexose metabolism and in Carbohydrate metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei30ATP 1By similarity1
Binding sitei155Substrate 1By similarity1
Binding sitei209Glucose-6-phosphate 1By similarity1
Binding sitei232Glucose-6-phosphate 1By similarity1
Binding sitei235Substrate 1By similarity1
Binding sitei260Substrate 1By similarity1
Binding sitei449Glucose-6-phosphate 1By similarity1
Binding sitei603Glucose-6-phosphate 2By similarity1
Binding sitei657Glucose-6-phosphate 2By similarity1
Binding sitei680ATP 2By similarity1
Binding sitei680Glucose-6-phosphate 2By similarity1
Binding sitei683Substrate 2By similarity1
Binding sitei708Substrate 2By similarity1
Binding sitei742Substrate 2By similarity1
Binding sitei897Glucose-6-phosphate 2By similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi84 – 89ATP 1Sequence analysis6
Nucleotide bindingi425 – 426ATP 1By similarity2
Nucleotide bindingi532 – 537ATP 2By similarity6
Nucleotide bindingi747 – 748ATP 2By similarity2
Nucleotide bindingi784 – 788ATP 2By similarity5
Nucleotide bindingi863 – 867ATP 2By similarity5

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • ATP binding Source: UniProtKB-KW
  • fructokinase activity Source: GO_Central
  • glucokinase activity Source: GO_Central
  • glucose binding Source: InterPro
  • mannokinase activity Source: GO_Central

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAllosteric enzyme, Kinase, Transferase
Biological processGlycolysis
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
P27595

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00242

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Hexokinase-1 (EC:2.7.1.1)
Alternative name(s):
Brain form hexokinase
Hexokinase type I
Short name:
HK I
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:HK1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion outer membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001975841 – 918Hexokinase-1Add BLAST918

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei1N-acetylmethionineBy similarity1
Modified residuei337PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P27595

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer. Interacts with VDAC1. The HK1-VDAC1 complex interacts with ATF2 (By similarity). Interacts with RABL2/RABL2A; binds preferentially to GTP-bound RABL2 (By similarity). Interacts (via N-terminal spermatogenic cell-specific region) with PFKM (via C-terminus) (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P27595

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P27595

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini16 – 458Hexokinase 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST443
Domaini464 – 906Hexokinase 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST443

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 12HydrophobicAdd BLAST12
Regioni13 – 475RegulatoryBy similarityAdd BLAST463
Regioni73 – 207Hexokinase small subdomain 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST135
Regioni84 – 88Glucose-6-phosphate 1 bindingBy similarity5
Regioni172 – 173Substrate 1 bindingBy similarity2
Regioni208 – 447Hexokinase large subdomain 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST240
Regioni208 – 209Substrate 1 bindingBy similarity2
Regioni291 – 294Substrate 1 bindingBy similarity4
Regioni413 – 415Glucose-6-phosphate 1 bindingBy similarity3
Regioni476 – 918CatalyticBy similarityAdd BLAST443
Regioni521 – 655Hexokinase small subdomain 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST135
Regioni532 – 536Glucose-6-phosphate 2 bindingBy similarity5
Regioni603 – 604Substrate 2 bindingBy similarity2
Regioni620 – 621Substrate 2 bindingBy similarity2
Regioni656 – 895Hexokinase large subdomain 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST240
Regioni656 – 657Substrate 2 bindingBy similarity2
Regioni861 – 863Glucose-6-phosphate 2 bindingBy similarity3

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The N- and C-terminal halves of this hexokinase show extensive sequence similarity to each other. The catalytic activity is associated with the C-terminus while regulatory function is associated with the N-terminus. Each domain can bind a single glucose and Gluc-6-P molecule (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the hexokinase family.PROSITE-ProRule annotationCurated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG005020

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P27595

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001312 Hexokinase
IPR019807 Hexokinase_BS
IPR022673 Hexokinase_C
IPR022672 Hexokinase_N

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR19443 PTHR19443, 4 hits

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00349 Hexokinase_1, 2 hits
PF03727 Hexokinase_2, 2 hits

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00378 HEXOKINASE_1, 2 hits
PS51748 HEXOKINASE_2, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P27595-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MIAAQLLAYY FTELKDDQVK KIDKYLYAMR LSDETLLDIM NRFKKEMKNG
60 70 80 90 100
LSRDFNPTAT VKMLPTFVRS IPDGSEKGDF IALDLGGSSF RILRVQVNHE
110 120 130 140 150
QNRPVHMESE VYDTPENIMH GSGSQLFDHV LECLGDFMEK KKIKDKKLPV
160 170 180 190 200
GFTFSFPCRQ SKIDQAILIT WTKRFKARGA EGNYVVKLLD KAIKKRGDYD
210 220 230 240 250
ANIVAVVNDT VGTMIDCGYD DQHCEVGLII GTGTNACYME ELRQIDFGWG
260 270 280 290 300
DDGRMCINTE WGDLGDDGSL EDIRKEFDRE FRRGSLNPGK QRFEKMVSGR
310 320 330 340 350
YMEDVVRLVL VKMAKEGLLF EGRITPELLT RGKFNTSDVS AIEKDKEGLH
360 370 380 390 400
NAKEILTRLG VERSDDDCVS VQHVCTIVSF RSANLVAATL GAILNRLRDN
410 420 430 440 450
KSTPRLRTTV RVDGSLYKTH PQYSRRFHKT LRRLVPDSDV RFLLSESGTG
460 470 480 490 500
KGAAMVTAVA YRLAEQHRQI EETLAHFRLS KQTLMEVKKR LRTEMEMGLR
510 520 530 540 550
KETNSNATVN MLPSFLRSIP DGTEDGDFLA LDLGGTNFRV LLVKIRSGKK
560 570 580 590 600
STVEMHNKIY RIPIEIMQGT GEELFDHIVS CISDFLDYMG IKGPRMPLGF
610 620 630 640 650
TFSFPCQQTS LDAGILITWT KGFKATDCVG HDVVTLLRDA VKRREEFDLD
660 670 680 690 700
VVAVVNDTVG TMMTCAYEEP TCEVGLIVGT GSNACYMEEM KNVEMVEGNQ
710 720 730 740 750
RQMCINMEWG AFGDNGCSDD IRTDFDKVVD EYSLNSGNQR FENMISGIYL
760 770 780 790 800
GEIVRNILID FTKKGFLFRG QISEPLKTRG IFETKFLSQI ESDRLALLQV
810 820 830 840 850
RAILQQLGLN STCDDSILVK TVCGVVSKRA AQLCGAGMAA VVEKIRENRG
860 870 880 890 900
LDRLNVTVGV DGTLYKLHPQ FSRIMHQTVK ELSPKCNVSF LLSEDGSGKG
910
AALITAVGVR LRGESAIS
Length:918
Mass (Da):103,064
Last modified:August 1, 1992 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i1DCFB7F1D06FE2B6
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M65140 mRNA Translation: AAA51661.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A55277

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Bt.500

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M65140 mRNA Translation: AAA51661.1
PIRiA55277
UniGeneiBt.500

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP27595
SMRiP27595
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP27595

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG005020
InParanoidiP27595

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00242

SABIO-RKiP27595

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001312 Hexokinase
IPR019807 Hexokinase_BS
IPR022673 Hexokinase_C
IPR022672 Hexokinase_N
PANTHERiPTHR19443 PTHR19443, 4 hits
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00349 Hexokinase_1, 2 hits
PF03727 Hexokinase_2, 2 hits
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00378 HEXOKINASE_1, 2 hits
PS51748 HEXOKINASE_2, 2 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiHXK1_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P27595
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1992
Last sequence update: August 1, 1992
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 119 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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