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Protein

Proteasome subunit alpha

Gene

psmA

Organism
Thermoplasma acidophilum (strain ATCC 25905 / DSM 1728 / JCM 9062 / NBRC 15155 / AMRC-C165)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Component of the proteasome core, a large protease complex with broad specificity involved in protein degradation. The T.acidophilum proteasome is able to cleave oligopeptides after Tyr, Leu, Phe, and to a lesser extent after Glu and Arg. Thus, displays chymotrypsin-like activity and low level of caspase-like and trypsin-like activities.UniRule annotation1 Publication

Miscellaneous

The configuration of the closed gate contains an opening large enough to allow rapid entry of tetrapeptides but able to impede the entry of proteins and longer peptides.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

The formation of the proteasomal ATPase PAN-20S proteasome complex, via the docking of the C-termini of PAN into the intersubunit pockets in the alpha-rings, triggers opening of the gate for substrate entry. Interconversion between the open-gate and close-gate conformations leads to a dynamic regulation of the 20S proteasome proteolysis activity.UniRule annotation2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=39 µM for Suc-LLVY-Amc (at 55 degrees Celsius)1 Publication
  1. Vmax=28 nmol/min/mg enzyme with Suc-LLVY-Amc as substrate (at 55 degrees Celsius)1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • endopeptidase activity Source: UniProtKB
  • threonine-type endopeptidase activity Source: UniProtKB-UniRule

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase, Protease, Threonine protease

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
TACI273075:G1GT7-1408-MONOMER

Protein family/group databases

MEROPS protease database

More...
MEROPSi
T01.970

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Proteasome subunit alphaUniRule annotation (EC:3.4.25.1UniRule annotation)
Alternative name(s):
20S proteasome alpha subunitUniRule annotation
Proteasome core protein PsmAUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:psmAUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:Ta1288
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiThermoplasma acidophilum (strain ATCC 25905 / DSM 1728 / JCM 9062 / NBRC 15155 / AMRC-C165)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri273075 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiArchaeaEuryarchaeotaDiaforarchaea groupThermoplasmataThermoplasmatalesThermoplasmataceaeThermoplasma
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001024 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Proteasome

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi1 – 12Missing : Markedly increases peptidolytic activity. Designated open-gate mutant. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST12
Mutagenesisi66K → A: Prevents PAN to associate with the proteasome and stimulate gate opening. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi81L → A, E or G: Prevents PAN to stimulate gate opening. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi82V → A: No effect on PAN's ability to stimulate gate opening. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi82V → D or G: Prevents PAN to stimulate gate opening. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001241891 – 233Proteasome subunit alphaAdd BLAST233

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

The N-terminus is blocked.

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

The 20S proteasome core is composed of 14 alpha and 14 beta subunits that assemble into four stacked heptameric rings, resulting in a barrel-shaped structure. The two inner rings, each composed of seven catalytic beta subunits, are sandwiched by two outer rings, each composed of seven alpha subunits. The catalytic chamber with the active sites is on the inside of the barrel. Has a gated structure, the ends of the cylinder being occluded by the N-termini of the alpha-subunits. Is capped at one or both ends by the proteasome regulatory ATPase, PAN.UniRule annotation6 Publications

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
273075.Ta1288

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1233
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P25156

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P25156

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P25156

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the peptidase T1A family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
arCOG00971 Archaea
COG0638 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000091085

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K03432

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
FQVEYAR

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
POG093Z086S

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd03756 proteasome_alpha_archeal, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.60.20.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00289_A Proteasome_A_A, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029055 Ntn_hydrolases_N
IPR023332 Proteasome_alpha-type
IPR019982 Proteasome_asu_arc
IPR000426 Proteasome_asu_N
IPR001353 Proteasome_sua/b

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00227 Proteasome, 1 hit
PF10584 Proteasome_A_N, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00948 Proteasome_A_N, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56235 SSF56235, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR03633 arc_protsome_A, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00388 PROTEASOME_ALPHA_1, 1 hit
PS51475 PROTEASOME_ALPHA_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P25156-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQQGQMAYDR AITVFSPDGR LFQVEYAREA VKKGSTALGM KFANGVLLIS
60 70 80 90 100
DKKVRSRLIE QNSIEKIQLI DDYVAAVTSG LVADARVLVD FARISAQQEK
110 120 130 140 150
VTYGSLVNIE NLVKRVADQM QQYTQYGGVR PYGVSLIFAG IDQIGPRLFD
160 170 180 190 200
CDPAGTINEY KATAIGSGKD AVVSFLEREY KENLPEKEAV TLGIKALKSS
210 220 230
LEEGEELKAP EIASITVGNK YRIYDQEEVK KFL
Length:233
Mass (Da):25,799
Last modified:October 1, 1994 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i141A48581DA0DFB5
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X59507 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA42094.1
AL445067 Genomic DNA Translation: CAC12411.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S55350

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_010901695.1, NC_002578.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CAC12411; CAC12411; CAC12411

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
1456771

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
tac:Ta1288

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X59507 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA42094.1
AL445067 Genomic DNA Translation: CAC12411.1
PIRiS55350
RefSeqiWP_010901695.1, NC_002578.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1PMAX-ray3.40A/C/D/E/F/G/H/I/J/K/L/M/N/O1-233[»]
1YA7X-ray2.30A/B/C/D/E/F/G1-233[»]
1YARX-ray1.90A/B/C/D/E/F/G1-233[»]
1YAUX-ray2.40A/B/C/D/E/F/G1-233[»]
2KU1NMR-A/B/C/D/E/F/G1-233[»]
2KU2NMR-A/B/C/D/E/F/G1-233[»]
3C91electron microscopy6.80A/B/C/D/E/F/G/O/P/Q/R/S/T/U1-233[»]
3C92electron microscopy6.80A/B/C/D/E/F/G/O/P/Q/R/S/T/U1-233[»]
3IPMX-ray4.00A/B/C/D/E/F/G1-233[»]
3J9Ielectron microscopy3.30A/B/C/D/E/F/G/O/P/Q/R/S/T/U10-233[»]
3JRMX-ray2.90A/B/C/D/E/F/G7-233[»]
3JSEX-ray2.90A/B/C/D/E/F/G7-233[»]
3JTLX-ray3.20A/B/C/D/E/F/G7-233[»]
5VY3electron microscopy3.100/A/C/E/G/I/K/M/O/Q/S/U/W/Y10-233[»]
5VY4electron microscopy3.300/A/C/E/G/I/K/M/O/Q/S/U/W/Y10-233[»]
6BDFelectron microscopy2.800/A/C/E/G/I/K/M/O/Q/S/U/W/Y1-233[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP25156
SMRiP25156
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi273075.Ta1288

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiT01.970

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAC12411; CAC12411; CAC12411
GeneIDi1456771
KEGGitac:Ta1288

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiarCOG00971 Archaea
COG0638 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000091085
KOiK03432
OMAiFQVEYAR
OrthoDBiPOG093Z086S

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciTACI273075:G1GT7-1408-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP25156

Family and domain databases

CDDicd03756 proteasome_alpha_archeal, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.60.20.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00289_A Proteasome_A_A, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029055 Ntn_hydrolases_N
IPR023332 Proteasome_alpha-type
IPR019982 Proteasome_asu_arc
IPR000426 Proteasome_asu_N
IPR001353 Proteasome_sua/b
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00227 Proteasome, 1 hit
PF10584 Proteasome_A_N, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00948 Proteasome_A_N, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56235 SSF56235, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03633 arc_protsome_A, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00388 PROTEASOME_ALPHA_1, 1 hit
PS51475 PROTEASOME_ALPHA_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPSA_THEAC
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P25156
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 1, 1992
Last sequence update: October 1, 1994
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 148 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Peptidase families
    Classification of peptidase families and list of entries
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