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Entry version 204 (22 Apr 2020)
Sequence version 4 (15 Dec 2009)
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Protein

Protein kinase C eta type

Gene

PRKCH

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Calcium-independent, phospholipid- and diacylglycerol (DAG)-dependent serine/threonine-protein kinase that is involved in the regulation of cell differentiation in keratinocytes and pre-B cell receptor, mediates regulation of epithelial tight junction integrity and foam cell formation, and is required for glioblastoma proliferation and apoptosis prevention in MCF-7 cells. In keratinocytes, binds and activates the tyrosine kinase FYN, which in turn blocks epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling and leads to keratinocyte growth arrest and differentiation. Associates with the cyclin CCNE1-CDK2-CDKN1B complex and inhibits CDK2 kinase activity, leading to RB1 dephosphorylation and thereby G1 arrest in keratinocytes. In association with RALA activates actin depolymerization, which is necessary for keratinocyte differentiation. In the pre-B cell receptor signaling, functions downstream of BLNK by up-regulating IRF4, which in turn activates L chain gene rearrangement. Regulates epithelial tight junctions (TJs) by phosphorylating occludin (OCLN) on threonine residues, which is necessary for the assembly and maintenance of TJs. In association with PLD2 and via TLR4 signaling, is involved in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RGS2 down-regulation and foam cell formation. Upon PMA stimulation, mediates glioblastoma cell proliferation by activating the mTOR pathway, the PI3K/AKT pathway and the ERK1-dependent phosphorylation of ELK1. Involved in the protection of glioblastoma cells from irradiation-induced apoptosis by preventing caspase-9 activation. In camptothecin-treated MCF-7 cells, regulates NF-kappa-B upstream signaling by activating IKBKB, and confers protection against DNA damage-induced apoptosis. Promotes oncogenic functions of ATF2 in the nucleus while blocking its apoptotic function at mitochondria. Phosphorylates ATF2 which promotes its nuclear retention and transcriptional activity and negatively regulates its mitochondrial localization.10 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Novel PKCs (PRKCD, PRKCE, PRKCH and PRKCQ) are calcium-insensitive, but activated by diacylglycerol (DAG) and phosphatidylserine. Three specific sites; Thr-513 (activation loop of the kinase domain), Thr-656 (turn motif) and Ser-675 (hydrophobic region), need to be phosphorylated for its full activation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei384ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei479Proton acceptorPROSITE-ProRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section specifies the position(s) and type(s) of zinc fingers within the protein.<p><a href='/help/zn_fing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Zinc fingeri171 – 222Phorbol-ester/DAG-type 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST52
Zinc fingeri245 – 295Phorbol-ester/DAG-type 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST51
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi361 – 369ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation9

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionKinase, Serine/threonine-protein kinase, Transferase
Biological processDifferentiation
LigandATP-binding, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

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BRENDAi
2.7.11.13 2681

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-HSA-114508 Effects of PIP2 hydrolysis
R-HSA-418597 G alpha (z) signalling events

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

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SABIO-RKi
P24723

SignaLink: a signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks

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SignaLinki
P24723

SIGNOR Signaling Network Open Resource

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SIGNORi
P24723

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Protein kinase C eta type (EC:2.7.11.13)
Alternative name(s):
PKC-L
nPKC-eta
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PRKCH
Synonyms:PKCL, PRKCL
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 14

Organism-specific databases

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

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HGNCi
HGNC:9403 PRKCH

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

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MIMi
605437 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_P24723

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section provides information on the disease(s) associated with genetic variations in a given protein. The information is extracted from the scientific literature and diseases that are also described in the <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=omim">OMIM</a> database are represented with a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/diseases">controlled vocabulary</a> in the following way:<p><a href='/help/involvement_in_disease' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Involvement in diseasei

Ischemic stroke (ISCHSTR)1 Publication
Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionA stroke is an acute neurologic event leading to death of neural tissue of the brain and resulting in loss of motor, sensory and/or cognitive function. Ischemic strokes, resulting from vascular occlusion, is considered to be a highly complex disease consisting of a group of heterogeneous disorders with multiple genetic and environmental risk factors.
Related information in OMIM

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

More...
DisGeNETi
5583

MalaCards human disease database

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MalaCardsi
PRKCH
MIMi601367 phenotype

Open Targets

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OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000027075

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

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PharmGKBi
PA33767

Miscellaneous databases

Pharos NIH Druggable Genome Knowledgebase

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Pharosi
P24723 Tchem

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

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ChEMBLi
CHEMBL3616

DrugCentral

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DrugCentrali
P24723

IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY

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GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi
1487

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
PRKCH

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

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DMDMi
281185512

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000557051 – 683Protein kinase C eta typeAdd BLAST683

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei28Phosphoserine; by autocatalysisCombined sources1 Publication1
Modified residuei32Phosphoserine; by autocatalysis1 Publication1
Modified residuei317PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei513Phosphothreonine; by PDPK1Curated1
Modified residuei656PhosphothreonineCombined sources1
Modified residuei675PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

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EPDi
P24723

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

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jPOSTi
P24723

MassIVE - Mass Spectrometry Interactive Virtual Environment

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MassIVEi
P24723

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

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MaxQBi
P24723

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

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PaxDbi
P24723

PeptideAtlas

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PeptideAtlasi
P24723

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

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PRIDEi
P24723

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

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ProteomicsDBi
4395
54223 [P24723-1]

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

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iPTMneti
P24723

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

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PhosphoSitePlusi
P24723

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Most abundant in lung, less in heart and skin.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

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Bgeei
ENSG00000027075 Expressed in amniotic fluid and 213 other tissues

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

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ExpressionAtlasi
P24723 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

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Genevisiblei
P24723 HS

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

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HPAi
ENSG00000027075 Low tissue specificity

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with FYN and RALA (By similarity).

Interacts with DGKQ.

By similarity1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="https://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated at every <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/synchronization">UniProt release</a>.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Show more details

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

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BioGridi
111569, 12 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

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DIPi
DIP-44588N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
P24723, 11 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

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MINTi
P24723

STRING: functional protein association networks

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STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000329127

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

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BindingDBi
P24723

Miscellaneous databases

RNAct, Protein-RNA interaction predictions for model organisms.

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RNActi
P24723 protein

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1683
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P24723

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

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PDBe-KBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P24723

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini1 – 118C2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST118
Domaini355 – 614Protein kinasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST260
Domaini615 – 683AGC-kinase C-terminalAdd BLAST69

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The C1 domain, containing the phorbol ester/DAG-type region 1 (C1A) and 2 (C1B), is the diacylglycerol sensor and the C2 domain is a non-calcium binding domain.

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Zinc finger

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Zinc fingeri171 – 222Phorbol-ester/DAG-type 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST52
Zinc fingeri245 – 295Phorbol-ester/DAG-type 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST51

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat, Zinc-finger

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

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eggNOGi
KOG0694 Eukaryota
ENOG410XNPH LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

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GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000158220

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

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HOGENOMi
CLU_000288_54_4_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
P24723

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K18051

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
RSHPFLT

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
222529at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

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PhylomeDBi
P24723

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

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TreeFami
TF351133

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

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CDDi
cd00029 C1, 2 hits
cd05590 STKc_nPKC_eta, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

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Gene3Di
2.60.40.150, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000961 AGC-kinase_C
IPR000008 C2_dom
IPR035892 C2_domain_sf
IPR020454 DAG/PE-bd
IPR011009 Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR034665 nPKC_eta
IPR002219 PE/DAG-bd
IPR027431 PKC_eta
IPR017892 Pkinase_C
IPR014376 Prot_kin_PKC_delta
IPR000719 Prot_kinase_dom
IPR017441 Protein_kinase_ATP_BS
IPR008271 Ser/Thr_kinase_AS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00130 C1_1, 2 hits
PF00168 C2, 1 hit
PF00069 Pkinase, 1 hit
PF00433 Pkinase_C, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

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PIRSFi
PIRSF000551 PKC_delta, 1 hit
PIRSF501107 Protein_kin_C_eta, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

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PRINTSi
PR00008 DAGPEDOMAIN

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

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SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00109 C1, 2 hits
SM00239 C2, 1 hit
SM00133 S_TK_X, 1 hit
SM00220 S_TKc, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

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SUPFAMi
SSF56112 SSF56112, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51285 AGC_KINASE_CTER, 1 hit
PS50004 C2, 1 hit
PS00107 PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP, 1 hit
PS50011 PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM, 1 hit
PS00108 PROTEIN_KINASE_ST, 1 hit
PS00479 ZF_DAG_PE_1, 2 hits
PS50081 ZF_DAG_PE_2, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform. This section is only present in reviewed entries, i.e. in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

This entry has 2 described isoforms and 13 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Isoform 1 (identifier: P24723-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSSGTMKFNG YLRVRIGEAV GLQPTRWSLR HSLFKKGHQL LDPYLTVSVD
60 70 80 90 100
QVRVGQTSTK QKTNKPTYNE EFCANVTDGG HLELAVFHET PLGYDHFVAN
110 120 130 140 150
CTLQFQELLR TTGASDTFEG WVDLEPEGKV FVVITLTGSF TEATLQRDRI
160 170 180 190 200
FKHFTRKRQR AMRRRVHQIN GHKFMATYLR QPTYCSHCRE FIWGVFGKQG
210 220 230 240 250
YQCQVCTCVV HKRCHHLIVT ACTCQNNINK VDSKIAEQRF GINIPHKFSI
260 270 280 290 300
HNYKVPTFCD HCGSLLWGIM RQGLQCKICK MNVHIRCQAN VAPNCGVNAV
310 320 330 340 350
ELAKTLAGMG LQPGNISPTS KLVSRSTLRR QGKESSKEGN GIGVNSSNRL
360 370 380 390 400
GIDNFEFIRV LGKGSFGKVM LARVKETGDL YAVKVLKKDV ILQDDDVECT
410 420 430 440 450
MTEKRILSLA RNHPFLTQLF CCFQTPDRLF FVMEFVNGGD LMFHIQKSRR
460 470 480 490 500
FDEARARFYA AEIISALMFL HDKGIIYRDL KLDNVLLDHE GHCKLADFGM
510 520 530 540 550
CKEGICNGVT TATFCGTPDY IAPEILQEML YGPAVDWWAM GVLLYEMLCG
560 570 580 590 600
HAPFEAENED DLFEAILNDE VVYPTWLHED ATGILKSFMT KNPTMRLGSL
610 620 630 640 650
TQGGEHAILR HPFFKEIDWA QLNHRQIEPP FRPRIKSRED VSNFDPDFIK
660 670 680
EEPVLTPIDE GHLPMINQDE FRNFSYVSPE LQP
Length:683
Mass (Da):77,828
Last modified:December 15, 2009 - v4
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i0A29806CE31912F2
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: P24723-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     1-161: Missing.

Show »
Length:522
Mass (Da):59,521
Checksum:iD6852F6089A763E9
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 13 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
G3V4Q6G3V4Q6_HUMAN
Protein kinase C eta type
PRKCH
224Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
G3V4L3G3V4L3_HUMAN
Protein kinase C eta type
PRKCH
151Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
G3V5U5G3V5U5_HUMAN
Protein kinase C eta type
PRKCH
106Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
G3V4Q9G3V4Q9_HUMAN
Protein kinase C eta type
PRKCH
87Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
G3V4X4G3V4X4_HUMAN
Protein kinase C eta type
PRKCH
129Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
G3V304G3V304_HUMAN
Protein kinase C eta type
PRKCH
83Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A1W2PPU0A0A1W2PPU0_HUMAN
Protein kinase C eta type
PRKCH
95Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
G3V3E7G3V3E7_HUMAN
Protein kinase C eta type
PRKCH
73Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
G3V5F8G3V5F8_HUMAN
Protein kinase C eta type
PRKCH
71Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
G3V4H0G3V4H0_HUMAN
Protein kinase C eta type
PRKCH
53Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
There are more potential isoformsShow all

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti96Missing in AAA60100 (PubMed:1986216).Curated1
Sequence conflicti109L → R in AAA60100 (PubMed:1986216).Curated1
Sequence conflicti110R → G in AAA60100 (PubMed:1986216).Curated1
Sequence conflicti393Q → L in AAA60100 (PubMed:1986216).Curated1
Sequence conflicti472D → E in AAB32724 (PubMed:7988719).Curated1

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural variantiVAR_04231219A → V1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs55645551Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_04231365K → R1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs55737090Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_042314149R → Q1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs55848048Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_042315359R → Q1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs55818778Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_034604374V → I Associated with susceptibility to ischemic stroke; increases autophosphorylation and kinase activity. 2 PublicationsCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs2230500EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_060736497D → Y. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs11846991Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_042316575T → A in a aLL TEL/AML1+ sample; somatic mutation. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs1378993559Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_042317594T → I in a colorectal adenocarcinoma sample; somatic mutation. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_042318612P → S1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs34159231Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_042438645D → V. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs35561533Ensembl.1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_0565721 – 161Missing in isoform 2. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST161

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M55284 mRNA Translation: AAA60100.1
AK290183 mRNA Translation: BAF82872.1
AK296158 mRNA Translation: BAG58897.1
AL138996 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AL355916 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AL359220 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CH471061 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW80800.1
CH471061 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW80801.1
BC037268 mRNA Translation: AAH37268.1
S74620 mRNA Translation: AAB32724.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS9752.1 [P24723-1]

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A39666

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_006246.2, NM_006255.4 [P24723-1]
XP_016876947.1, XM_017021458.1 [P24723-2]

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000332981; ENSP00000329127; ENSG00000027075 [P24723-1]
ENST00000555082; ENSP00000450981; ENSG00000027075 [P24723-2]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
5583

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:5583

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc001xfn.4 human [P24723-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing, Polymorphism

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M55284 mRNA Translation: AAA60100.1
AK290183 mRNA Translation: BAF82872.1
AK296158 mRNA Translation: BAG58897.1
AL138996 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AL355916 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AL359220 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CH471061 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW80800.1
CH471061 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW80801.1
BC037268 mRNA Translation: AAH37268.1
S74620 mRNA Translation: AAB32724.1
CCDSiCCDS9752.1 [P24723-1]
PIRiA39666
RefSeqiNP_006246.2, NM_006255.4 [P24723-1]
XP_016876947.1, XM_017021458.1 [P24723-2]

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
2FK9X-ray1.75A1-138[»]
3TXOX-ray2.05A333-683[»]
SMRiP24723
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi111569, 12 interactors
DIPiDIP-44588N
IntActiP24723, 11 interactors
MINTiP24723
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000329127

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiP24723
ChEMBLiCHEMBL3616
DrugCentraliP24723
GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi1487

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP24723
PhosphoSitePlusiP24723

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiPRKCH
DMDMi281185512

Proteomic databases

EPDiP24723
jPOSTiP24723
MassIVEiP24723
MaxQBiP24723
PaxDbiP24723
PeptideAtlasiP24723
PRIDEiP24723
ProteomicsDBi4395
54223 [P24723-1]

Protocols and materials databases

Antibodypedia a portal for validated antibodies

More...
Antibodypediai
24422 250 antibodies

The DNASU plasmid repository

More...
DNASUi
5583

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000332981; ENSP00000329127; ENSG00000027075 [P24723-1]
ENST00000555082; ENSP00000450981; ENSG00000027075 [P24723-2]
GeneIDi5583
KEGGihsa:5583
UCSCiuc001xfn.4 human [P24723-1]

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
5583
DisGeNETi5583

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
PRKCH
HGNCiHGNC:9403 PRKCH
HPAiENSG00000027075 Low tissue specificity
MalaCardsiPRKCH
MIMi601367 phenotype
605437 gene
neXtProtiNX_P24723
OpenTargetsiENSG00000027075
PharmGKBiPA33767

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0694 Eukaryota
ENOG410XNPH LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000158220
HOGENOMiCLU_000288_54_4_1
InParanoidiP24723
KOiK18051
OMAiRSHPFLT
OrthoDBi222529at2759
PhylomeDBiP24723
TreeFamiTF351133

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi2.7.11.13 2681
ReactomeiR-HSA-114508 Effects of PIP2 hydrolysis
R-HSA-418597 G alpha (z) signalling events
SABIO-RKiP24723
SignaLinkiP24723
SIGNORiP24723

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
PRKCH human
EvolutionaryTraceiP24723

The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

More...
GeneWikii
PRKCH

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
5583
PharosiP24723 Tchem

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P24723
RNActiP24723 protein

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000027075 Expressed in amniotic fluid and 213 other tissues
ExpressionAtlasiP24723 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP24723 HS

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00029 C1, 2 hits
cd05590 STKc_nPKC_eta, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.60.40.150, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000961 AGC-kinase_C
IPR000008 C2_dom
IPR035892 C2_domain_sf
IPR020454 DAG/PE-bd
IPR011009 Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR034665 nPKC_eta
IPR002219 PE/DAG-bd
IPR027431 PKC_eta
IPR017892 Pkinase_C
IPR014376 Prot_kin_PKC_delta
IPR000719 Prot_kinase_dom
IPR017441 Protein_kinase_ATP_BS
IPR008271 Ser/Thr_kinase_AS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00130 C1_1, 2 hits
PF00168 C2, 1 hit
PF00069 Pkinase, 1 hit
PF00433 Pkinase_C, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000551 PKC_delta, 1 hit
PIRSF501107 Protein_kin_C_eta, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00008 DAGPEDOMAIN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00109 C1, 2 hits
SM00239 C2, 1 hit
SM00133 S_TK_X, 1 hit
SM00220 S_TKc, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56112 SSF56112, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51285 AGC_KINASE_CTER, 1 hit
PS50004 C2, 1 hit
PS00107 PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP, 1 hit
PS50011 PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM, 1 hit
PS00108 PROTEIN_KINASE_ST, 1 hit
PS00479 ZF_DAG_PE_1, 2 hits
PS50081 ZF_DAG_PE_2, 2 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiKPCL_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P24723
Secondary accession number(s): B4DJN5, Q16246, Q8NE03
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 1, 1992
Last sequence update: December 15, 2009
Last modified: April 22, 2020
This is version 204 of the entry and version 4 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human and mouse protein kinases
    Human and mouse protein kinases: classification and index
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  4. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  5. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  6. Human chromosome 14
    Human chromosome 14: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  7. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
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