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Entry version 173 (22 Apr 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1991)
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Protein

Meiosis-specific protein SPO11

Gene

SPO11

Organism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Required for meiotic recombination. Mediates DNA cleavage that forms the double-strand breaks (DSB) that initiate meiotic recombination. The action of SPO11 is important in setting off a regulatory chain of events encompassing 5' to 3' resection. When there are no SPO11-DSBs, resection of a site specific VDE-DSB takes place but it is faster than in wild-type meiosis and increases the risk of uncovering flanking homology.2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

  • ATP-dependent breakage, passage and rejoining of double-stranded DNA.Curated EC:5.6.2.2

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei135Nucleophile1 Publication1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi233MagnesiumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi288MagnesiumBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding, Hydrolase, Isomerase
Biological processMeiosis, Sporulation
LigandMagnesium, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
YEAST:G3O-31042-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Meiosis-specific protein SPO11 (EC:5.6.2.2Curated)
Alternative name(s):
Sporulation-specific protein 11
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:SPO11
Ordered Locus Names:YHL022C
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSaccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri559292 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaSaccharomycotinaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesSaccharomycetaceaeSaccharomyces
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002311 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome VIII

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

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EuPathDBi
FungiDB:YHL022C

Saccharomyces Genome Database

More...
SGDi
S000001014 SPO11

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chromosome, Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi135Y → F: Loss of activity. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001454731 – 398Meiosis-specific protein SPO11Add BLAST398

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P23179

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P23179

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at the protein level'.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Meiosis-specific.

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="https://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated at every <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/synchronization">UniProt release</a>.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Show more details

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

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BioGridi
36401, 128 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

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DIPi
DIP-1652N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P23179, 5 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

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MINTi
P23179

STRING: functional protein association networks

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STRINGi
4932.YHL022C

Miscellaneous databases

RNAct, Protein-RNA interaction predictions for model organisms.

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RNActi
P23179 protein

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the TOP6A family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

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HOGENOMi
CLU_037229_2_1_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
P23179

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K10878

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
YICTMAN

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

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CDDi
cd00223 TOPRIM_TopoIIB_SPO, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002815 Spo11/TopoVI_A
IPR013049 Spo11/TopoVI_A_N
IPR036078 Spo11/TopoVI_A_sf
IPR034136 TOPRIM_Topo6A/Spo11

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10848 PTHR10848, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

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Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF04406 TP6A_N, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

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PRINTSi
PR01550 TOP6AFAMILY

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56726 SSF56726, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P23179-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MALEGLRKKY KTRQELVKAL TPKRRSIHLN SNGHSNGTPC SNADVLAHIK
60 70 80 90 100
HFLSLAANSL EQHQQPISIV FQNKKKKGDT SSPDIHTTLD FPLNGPHLCT
110 120 130 140 150
HQFKLKRCAI LLNLLKVVME KLPLGKNTTV RDIFYSNVEL FQRQANVVQW
160 170 180 190 200
LDVIRFNFKL SPRKSLNIIP AQKGLVYSPF PIDIYDNILT CENEPKMQKQ
210 220 230 240 250
TIFPGKPCLI PFFQDDAVIK LGTTSMCNIV IVEKEAVFTK LVNNYHKLST
260 270 280 290 300
NTMLITGKGF PDFLTRLFLK KLEQYCSKLI SDCSIFTDAD PYGISIALNY
310 320 330 340 350
THSNERNAYI CTMANYKGIR ITQVLAQNNE VHNKSIQLLS LNQRDYSLAK
360 370 380 390
NLIASLTANS WDIATSPLKN VIIECQREIF FQKKAEMNEI DARIFEYK
Length:398
Mass (Da):45,413
Last modified:November 1, 1991 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iFDDB079411DB3C71
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
J02987 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA65532.1
U11582 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB65075.1
AY557836 Genomic DNA Translation: AAS56162.1
BK006934 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA06663.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

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PIRi
S05854 BWBY11

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
NP_011841.1, NM_001179102.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
YHL022C_mRNA; YHL022C; YHL022C

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

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GeneIDi
856364

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sce:YHL022C

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
J02987 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA65532.1
U11582 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB65075.1
AY557836 Genomic DNA Translation: AAS56162.1
BK006934 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA06663.1
PIRiS05854 BWBY11
RefSeqiNP_011841.1, NM_001179102.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi36401, 128 interactors
DIPiDIP-1652N
IntActiP23179, 5 interactors
MINTiP23179
STRINGi4932.YHL022C

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP23179
PRIDEiP23179

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiYHL022C_mRNA; YHL022C; YHL022C
GeneIDi856364
KEGGisce:YHL022C

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiFungiDB:YHL022C
SGDiS000001014 SPO11

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiCLU_037229_2_1_1
InParanoidiP23179
KOiK10878
OMAiYICTMAN

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciYEAST:G3O-31042-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P23179
RNActiP23179 protein

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00223 TOPRIM_TopoIIB_SPO, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002815 Spo11/TopoVI_A
IPR013049 Spo11/TopoVI_A_N
IPR036078 Spo11/TopoVI_A_sf
IPR034136 TOPRIM_Topo6A/Spo11
PANTHERiPTHR10848 PTHR10848, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF04406 TP6A_N, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01550 TOP6AFAMILY
SUPFAMiSSF56726 SSF56726, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSPO11_YEAST
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P23179
Secondary accession number(s): D3DKP3
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1991
Last sequence update: November 1, 1991
Last modified: April 22, 2020
This is version 173 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Yeast
    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae): entries, gene names and cross-references to SGD
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Yeast chromosome VIII
    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) chromosome VIII: entries and gene names
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