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Entry version 162 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 3 (18 Jul 2018)
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Protein

Botulinum neurotoxin type C

Gene
N/A
Organism
Clostridium botulinum C phage (Clostridium botulinum C bacteriophage)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Botulinum neurotoxin type C: Botulinum toxin causes flaccid paralysis by inhibiting neurotransmitter (acetylcholine) release from the presynaptic membranes of nerve terminals of the eukaryotic host skeletal and autonomic nervous system, with frequent heart or respiratory failure (PubMed:16252491, PubMed:7901002, PubMed:8611567). Is unique among characterized BoNTs in having 2 substrates, syntaxin (STX) and SNAP25 (PubMed:7901002, PubMed:7737992, PubMed:8611567, PubMed:9886085, PubMed:17718519). Precursor of botulinum neurotoxin C which unlike most BoNTs seems not to have a proteinaceous coreceptor, and instead recognizes 2 different complex polysialylated gangliosides found on neural tissue probably found in synaptic vesicles (PubMed:21483489, PubMed:23027864). Upon synaptic vesicle recycling the toxin is taken up via the endocytic pathway. When the pH of the toxin-containing endosome drops a structural rearrangement occurs so that the N-terminus of the heavy chain (HC) forms pores that allows the light chain (LC) to translocate into the cytosol (By similarity). Once in the cytosol the disulfide bond linking the 2 subunits is reduced and LC cleaves its target protein on synaptic vesicles, preventing their fusion with the cytoplasmic membrane and thus neurotransmitter release (By similarity). In vitro the whole toxin only has protease activity after reduction (PubMed:8611567). Electrical stimulation increases uptake of toxin, presumably by transiently exposing a receptor usually found in eukaryotic target synaptic vesicles (PubMed:19650874). Forms ion-conducting channels at around pH 6.1 (PubMed:2424493). Requires complex eukaryotic host polysialogangliosides for full neurotoxicity (PubMed:19650874, PubMed:21483489). Synaptic vesicle glycoproteins (SV2) do not seem to act as its receptor (PubMed:21483489).By similarity2 Publications8 Publications
Botulinum neurotoxin C light chain: Has proteolytic activity. After translocation into the eukaryotic host cytosol, inhibits neurotransmitter release by acting as a zinc endopeptidase that cleaves syntaxin-1A/STX1A and syntaxin-1B/STX1B (PubMed:7901002, PubMed:7737992, PubMed:8611567). Cleaves the '253-Arg-|-Ala-254' bond of STX1 and the '252-Arg-|-Ala-253' bond of STX2; also acts on syntaxin 3 (STX3) but not 4 (STX4) (PubMed:7737992). Cleaves the '198-Arg-|-Ala-199' bond of SNAP25 (PubMed:8611567, PubMed:9886085, PubMed:17718519). Recognizes the '93-Asn--Met-202' region of SNAP25 (PubMed:9886085).5 Publications
Botulinum neurotoxin C heavy chain: Responsible for host epithelial cell transcytosis, host nerve cell targeting and translocation of light chain (LC) into eukaryotic host cytosol. Composed of 3 subdomains; the translocation domain (TD), and N-terminus and C-terminus of the receptor-binding domain (RBD). The RBD is responsible for the adherence of the toxin to the eukaryotic target cell surface. It simultaneously recognizes 2 polysialated gangliosides coreceptors in close proximity on host synaptic vesicles (PubMed:23027864, PubMed:21542861). The N-terminus of the TD wraps an extended belt around the perimeter of the LC, protecting Zn2+ in the active site; it may also prevent premature LC dissociation from the translocation channel and protect toxin prior to translocation (By similarity). The TD inserts into synaptic vesicle membrane to allow translocation into the host cytosol (Probable). The C-terminal half of the HC (residues 864-1291) binds neurons in a dose-dependent manner (PubMed:20731382). The C-terminal half of the HC (residues 863-1291) binds eukaryotic host gangliosides in the order GD1b > GT1b > GD1a > GM1a (PubMed:16115873, PubMed:20731382, PubMed:23027864, PubMed:19650874). Has 2 ganglioside binding sites; Sia-1 prefers a sia7 sialic acid and sugars within the ganglioside (GD1b > GT1b), whereas GBP2 recognizes a sia5 sialic acid (GT1b and GD1a) (PubMed:23027864, PubMed:21542861). Both sites are required for HC to enter neurons, acting via different gangliosides (PubMed:23027864). This suggests that 2 gangliosides serve as toxin receptors (PubMed:16115873, PubMed:20731382, PubMed:21542861, PubMed:23027864). Synaptic activity (depolarization with K+) increases uptake by neurons (PubMed:23027864). Treatment of synaptosomes with proteinase K does not reduce HC binding, suggesting there is no protein receptor or it is protected from extracellular proteases (PubMed:16115873). Decreases uptake and toxicity of whole BoNT/A, but also interferes with uptake of BoNT/E and BoNT/F (PubMed:19650874). HC also binds phosphoinositides, which might play a role in membrane-binding (PubMed:22120109).By similarity1 Publication6 Publications

Miscellaneous

There are seven antigenically distinct forms of botulinum neurotoxin: Types A, B, C, D, E, F, and G; new subtypes are quite frequent. Types C and D can undergo domain swapping to create hybrid types.
Botulism poisoning is usually food-borne, either by ingesting toxin or bacterial-contaminated food, or less frequently by inhalation poisoning. In both cases the neurotoxin binds to the apical surface of epithelial cells in the gut or airway. Toxin undergoes receptor-mediated endocytosis (using a different receptor than on target nerve cells), transcytosis across the epithelial cells and release into the general circulation. Once in the general circulation it binds to its target cells.By similarity
Botulinum neurotoxin type C is synthesized by C strains of C.botulinum which carry the appropriate bacteriophage.4 Publications
Strain CB-19 was isolated from mink (PubMed:16252491). BoNT/C usually causes animal and avian botulism; it is less toxic to chicken than is BoNT/CD (PubMed:16115873). One case of human infant botulism caused by this serotype is known (PubMed:1978909).1 Publication2 Publications
This protein can also be encoded on a prophage.Curated

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Zn2+2 PublicationsNote: Binds 2 zinc ions per subunit (PubMed:7737992). The catalytic Zn2+ is bound by LC, the other Zn2+ must bind to another region (PubMed:17718519).2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

1,10-phenanthroline, EDTA and partially captopril block cleavage of syntaxin in brain synaptosomes (PubMed:7901002, PubMed:7737992). Treatment of synaptosomes with a mild detergent also inhibits cleavage (PubMed:7737992). 1,10-phenanthroline partially antagonizes inhibitions of neurotransmitter release (PubMed:8611567).3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

kcat is 0.391 min(-1), for isolated botulinum neurotoxin C light chain.1 Publication
  1. KM=18.6 µM for purified SNAP25 with isolated botulinum neurotoxin C light chain1 Publication

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi229Zinc; via tele nitrogen; catalyticPROSITE-ProRule annotationCombined sources1 Publication1
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei230PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
    Metal bindingi233Zinc; via tele nitrogen; catalyticPROSITE-ProRule annotationCombined sources1 Publication1
    Metal bindingi269Zinc; catalyticCombined sources1 Publication1
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei1119Ganglioside-binding (GBP2)1 Publication1
    Binding sitei1146Ganglioside 1 (Sia 1)Combined sources1 Publication1
    Binding sitei1180Ganglioside 2Combined sources1 Publication1
    Binding sitei1281Ganglioside-binding (GBP2)1 Publication1

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    GO - Biological processi

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionHydrolase, Metalloprotease, Neurotoxin, Protease, Toxin
    Biological processVirulence
    LigandLipid-binding, Metal-binding, Zinc

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

    More...
    BRENDAi
    3.4.24.69 1462

    Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

    More...
    Reactomei
    R-HSA-5250971 Toxicity of botulinum toxin type C (BoNT/C)

    Protein family/group databases

    UniLectin database of carbohydrate-binding proteins

    More...
    UniLectini
    P18640

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Botulinum neurotoxin type C
    Short name:
    BoNT/C
    Alternative name(s):
    Bontoxilysin-C1
    Short name:
    BoNT/C11 Publication
    Botulinum neurotoxin type C1
    Cleaved into the following 2 chains:
    Botulinum neurotoxin C light chain (EC:3.4.24.691 Publication)
    Short name:
    LC
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiClostridium botulinum C phage (Clostridium botulinum C bacteriophage)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri12336 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiVirusesdsDNA viruses, no RNA stageCaudoviralesMyoviridae
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section only exists in viral entries and indicates the host(s) either as a specific organism or taxonomic group of organisms that are susceptible to be infected by a virus.<p><a href='/help/virus_host' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Virus hostiClostridium botulinum C [TaxID: 36828]

    <p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

    Botulinum neurotoxin type C :
    Chain Botulinum neurotoxin C light chain :
    Chain Botulinum neurotoxin C heavy chain :

    GO - Cellular componenti

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Secreted

    <p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the use of a specific protein in the biotechnological industry.<p><a href='/help/biotechnological_use' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Biotechnological usei

    Has been used to treat human idiopathic facial hemispasm and blepharospasm; improvement is seen in 2-3 days and the effects last up to 12-13 weeks, making it a viable option in BoNT/A non-responders (PubMed:9086464).1 Publication

    Mutagenesis

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi1119Y → A: Receptor-binding domain (RBD) no longer binds eukaryotic gangliosides GD1a or GM1a, reduced GT1b binding, GD1b binding unaffected. RBD fragment enters neurons but does not compartmentalize normally; uptake is not stimulated by K(+). 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi1126A → K: Receptor-binding domain (RBD) no longer binds eukaryotic gangliosides GM1a, GD1b, reduced binding of GD1a and GT1b. RBD fragment does not enter neurons; uptake is not stimulated by K(+). 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi1146Y → A: Whole toxin has dramatically reduced toxicity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi1179Y → S: Receptor-binding domain (RBD) has decreased binding to neurons. Greatly decreased binding to neurons; when associated with L-1258. Whole toxin has greatly decreased toxicity, even less toxic; when associated with L-1258. Decreased binding to mixed gangliosides, even less binding to mixed gangliosides; when associated with L-1258. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi1193H → A: No effect on receptor-binding domain (RBD) binding to eukaryotic gangliosides. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi1203L → F: Receptor-binding domain (RBD) has decreased binding to neurons. Whole toxin has greatly decreased toxicity. Decreased binding to mixed gangliosides. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi1258 – 1259WY → AA: Whole toxin has greatly decreased toxicity. 1 Publication2
    Mutagenesisi1258W → A: Receptor-binding domain (RBD) has greatly reduced binding of ganglioside GD1b, no longer binds neurons. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi1258W → L: Receptor-binding domain (RBD) has decreased binding to neurons (Ref.16). Greatly decreased binding to neurons; when associated with S-1179. Whole toxin has greatly decreased toxicity, even less toxic; when associated with S-1179. Decreased binding to mixed gangliosides, even less binding to mixed gangliosides; when associated with S-1179. 2 Publications1
    Mutagenesisi1281S → Y: Receptor-binding domain (RBD) has decreased binding to neurons. Whole toxin has decreased toxicity and decreased binding to mixed gangliosides. 1 Publication1

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemoved1 Publication
    <p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004449052 – 1291Botulinum neurotoxin type CAdd BLAST1290
    ChainiPRO_00000292172 – 449Botulinum neurotoxin C light chainAdd BLAST448
    ChainiPRO_0000029218450 – 1291Botulinum neurotoxin C heavy chainAdd BLAST842

    Amino acid modifications

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi437 ↔ 453Interchain (between light and heavy chains)By similarityCurated

    Keywords - PTMi

    Disulfide bond

    Proteomic databases

    PRoteomics IDEntifications database

    More...
    PRIDEi
    P18640

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

    Heterodimer; disulfide-linked heterodimer of a light chain (LC) and a heavy chain (HC) (PubMed:16252491). The LC has the proteolytic/pharmacological activity (PubMed:7901002, PubMed:7737992, PubMed:8611567). The N- and C-terminal of the HC mediate channel formation and toxin binding, respectively. Can also be purified in complex with a non-toxic component that is larger than the HC (PubMed:16252491, PubMed:7802661). The stoichiometry of the whole complex has been modeled as one BoNT/C, one NTNHA, three HA-70, six HA-33 and three HA-17 (By similarity).By similarity5 Publications

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    Secondary structure

    11291
    Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
    Show more details

    3D structure databases

    Select the link destinations:

    Protein Data Bank Europe

    More...
    PDBei

    Protein Data Bank RCSB

    More...
    RCSB PDBi

    Protein Data Bank Japan

    More...
    PDBji
    Links Updated
    PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
    2QN0X-ray1.75A1-427[»]
    3DEBX-ray1.95A1-430[»]
    3N7KX-ray2.50A/B866-1291[»]
    3R4SX-ray2.15A/B867-1291[»]
    3R4UX-ray2.20A/B867-1291[»]

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    P18640

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    Miscellaneous databases

    Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

    More...
    EvolutionaryTracei
    P18640

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    Region

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni450 – 865Translocation domain (TD)By similarityAdd BLAST416
    Regioni490 – 541BeltBy similarityAdd BLAST52
    Regioni866 – 1093N-terminus of receptor binding domain (N-RBD)By similarityAdd BLAST228
    Regioni1094 – 1291C-terminus of receptor binding domain (C-RBD)By similarityAdd BLAST198
    Regioni1126 – 1129Ganglioside binding 1 (Sia 1)Combined sources1 Publication4
    Regioni1169 – 1171Ganglioside binding 2Combined sources1 Publication3
    Regioni1206 – 1207Ganglioside binding 2Combined sources1 Publication2
    Regioni1247 – 1250Ganglioside-binding (GBP2)1 Publication4
    Regioni1269 – 1283Ganglioside-binding loop2 PublicationsAdd BLAST15

    Motif

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi1256 – 1258Host ganglioside-binding motifBy similarity1 Publication3

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

    Botulinum neurotoxin C light chain: Has proteolytic activity (PubMed:7901002, PubMed:7737992, PubMed:8611567, PubMed:9886085, PubMed:17718519).5 Publications
    Botulinum neurotoxin C heavy chain: Has 3 functional domains; the translocation domain (TD) and the receptor-binding domain (RBD) which is further subdivided into N- and C-terminal domains (N-RBD and C-RBD). The N-terminus of the TD wraps an extended belt around the perimeter of the LC, protecting Zn2+ in the active site and may be a pseudosubstrate inhibitor which serves as an intramolecular chaperone for the LC prior to its translocation into the host cytosol. The RBD binds transiently exposed coreceptors on the host presynaptic cell membrane (By similarity). Binds phosphoinositides, which might play a role in membrane-binding (PubMed:22120109).By similarity1 Publication

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the peptidase M27 family.Curated

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

    More...
    Gene3Di
    1.20.1120.10, 1 hit

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR000395 Bot/tetX_LC
    IPR036248 Clostridium_toxin_transloc
    IPR013320 ConA-like_dom_sf
    IPR011065 Kunitz_inhibitor_STI-like_sf
    IPR013104 Toxin_rcpt-bd_C
    IPR012928 Toxin_rcpt-bd_N
    IPR012500 Toxin_trans

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF01742 Peptidase_M27, 1 hit
    PF07951 Toxin_R_bind_C, 1 hit
    PF07953 Toxin_R_bind_N, 1 hit
    PF07952 Toxin_trans, 1 hit

    Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

    More...
    PRINTSi
    PR00760 BONTOXILYSIN

    Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

    More...
    SUPFAMi
    SSF49899 SSF49899, 1 hit
    SSF50386 SSF50386, 1 hit
    SSF58091 SSF58091, 1 hit

    PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

    More...
    PROSITEi
    View protein in PROSITE
    PS00142 ZINC_PROTEASE, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

    P18640-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MPITINNFNY SDPVDNKNIL YLDTHLNTLA NEPEKAFRIT GNIWVIPDRF
    60 70 80 90 100
    SRNSNPNLNK PPRVTSPKSG YYDPNYLSTD SDKDTFLKEI IKLFKRINSR
    110 120 130 140 150
    EIGEELIYRL STDIPFPGNN NTPINTFDFD VDFNSVDVKT RQGNNWVKTG
    160 170 180 190 200
    SINPSVIITG PRENIIDPET STFKLTNNTF AAQEGFGALS IISISPRFML
    210 220 230 240 250
    TYSNATNDVG EGRFSKSEFC MDPILILMHE LNHAMHNLYG IAIPNDQTIS
    260 270 280 290 300
    SVTSNIFYSQ YNVKLEYAEI YAFGGPTIDL IPKSARKYFE EKALDYYRSI
    310 320 330 340 350
    AKRLNSITTA NPSSFNKYIG EYKQKLIRKY RFVVESSGEV TVNRNKFVEL
    360 370 380 390 400
    YNELTQIFTE FNYAKIYNVQ NRKIYLSNVY TPVTANILDD NVYDIQNGFN
    410 420 430 440 450
    IPKSNLNVLF MGQNLSRNPA LRKVNPENML YLFTKFCHKA IDGRSLYNKT
    460 470 480 490 500
    LDCRELLVKN TDLPFIGDIS DVKTDIFLRK DINEETEVIY YPDNVSVDQV
    510 520 530 540 550
    ILSKNTSEHG QLDLLYPSID SESEILPGEN QVFYDNRTQN VDYLNSYYYL
    560 570 580 590 600
    ESQKLSDNVE DFTFTRSIEE ALDNSAKVYT YFPTLANKVN AGVQGGLFLM
    610 620 630 640 650
    WANDVVEDFT TNILRKDTLD KISDVSAIIP YIGPALNISN SVRRGNFTEA
    660 670 680 690 700
    FAVTGVTILL EAFPEFTIPA LGAFVIYSKV QERNEIIKTI DNCLEQRIKR
    710 720 730 740 750
    WKDSYEWMMG TWLSRIITQF NNISYQMYDS LNYQAGAIKA KIDLEYKKYS
    760 770 780 790 800
    GSDKENIKSQ VENLKNSLDV KISEAMNNIN KFIRECSVTY LFKNMLPKVI
    810 820 830 840 850
    DELNEFDRNT KAKLINLIDS HNIILVGEVD KLKAKVNNSF QNTIPFNIFS
    860 870 880 890 900
    YTNNSLLKDI INEYFNNIND SKILSLQNRK NTLVDTSGYN AEVSEEGDVQ
    910 920 930 940 950
    LNPIFPFDFK LGSSGEDRGK VIVTQNENIV YNSMYESFSI SFWIRINKWV
    960 970 980 990 1000
    SNLPGYTIID SVKNNSGWSI GIISNFLVFT LKQNEDSEQS INFSYDISNN
    1010 1020 1030 1040 1050
    APGYNKWFFV TVTNNMMGNM KIYINGKLID TIKVKELTGI NFSKTITFEI
    1060 1070 1080 1090 1100
    NKIPDTGLIT SDSDNINMWI RDFYIFAKEL DGKDINILFN SLQYTNVVKD
    1110 1120 1130 1140 1150
    YWGNDLRYNK EYYMVNIDYL NRYMYANSRQ IVFNTRRNNN DFNEGYKIII
    1160 1170 1180 1190 1200
    KRIRGNTNDT RVRGGDILYF DMTINNKAYN LFMKNETMYA DNHSTEDIYA
    1210 1220 1230 1240 1250
    IGLREQTKDI NDNIIFQIQP MNNTYYYASQ IFKSNFNGEN ISGICSIGTY
    1260 1270 1280 1290
    RFRLGGDWYR HNYLVPTVKQ GNYASLLEST STHWGFVPVS E
    Length:1,291
    Mass (Da):148,870
    Last modified:July 18, 2018 - v3
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i4A21DB35B8743CF8
    GO

    Experimental Info

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti85T → P in CAA37780 (PubMed:2204031).1

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    X66433 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA47060.1
    X72793 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA51313.1
    X53751 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA37780.1
    D90210 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA14235.1
    X62389 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA44263.1
    AB200358 Genomic DNA Translation: BAD90566.1

    NCBI Reference Sequences

    More...
    RefSeqi
    YP_398516.1, NC_007581.1

    Genome annotation databases

    Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

    More...
    GeneIDi
    3772941

    KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

    More...
    KEGGi
    vg:3772941

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/cross_references_section">Cross-references</a> section provides links to various web resources that are relevant for a specific protein.<p><a href='/help/web_resource' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Web resourcesi

    BotDB - A Database Resource for Clostridial Neurotoxins

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    X66433 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA47060.1
    X72793 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA51313.1
    X53751 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA37780.1
    D90210 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA14235.1
    X62389 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA44263.1
    AB200358 Genomic DNA Translation: BAD90566.1
    RefSeqiYP_398516.1, NC_007581.1

    3D structure databases

    Select the link destinations:
    PDBei
    RCSB PDBi
    PDBji
    Links Updated
    PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
    2QN0X-ray1.75A1-427[»]
    3DEBX-ray1.95A1-430[»]
    3N7KX-ray2.50A/B866-1291[»]
    3R4SX-ray2.15A/B867-1291[»]
    3R4UX-ray2.20A/B867-1291[»]
    SMRiP18640
    ModBaseiSearch...
    MobiDBiSearch...

    Protein family/group databases

    UniLectiniP18640

    Proteomic databases

    PRIDEiP18640

    Protocols and materials databases

    Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

    Genome annotation databases

    GeneIDi3772941
    KEGGivg:3772941

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BRENDAi3.4.24.69 1462
    ReactomeiR-HSA-5250971 Toxicity of botulinum toxin type C (BoNT/C)

    Miscellaneous databases

    EvolutionaryTraceiP18640

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di1.20.1120.10, 1 hit
    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR000395 Bot/tetX_LC
    IPR036248 Clostridium_toxin_transloc
    IPR013320 ConA-like_dom_sf
    IPR011065 Kunitz_inhibitor_STI-like_sf
    IPR013104 Toxin_rcpt-bd_C
    IPR012928 Toxin_rcpt-bd_N
    IPR012500 Toxin_trans
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF01742 Peptidase_M27, 1 hit
    PF07951 Toxin_R_bind_C, 1 hit
    PF07953 Toxin_R_bind_N, 1 hit
    PF07952 Toxin_trans, 1 hit
    PRINTSiPR00760 BONTOXILYSIN
    SUPFAMiSSF49899 SSF49899, 1 hit
    SSF50386 SSF50386, 1 hit
    SSF58091 SSF58091, 1 hit
    PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
    PS00142 ZINC_PROTEASE, 1 hit

    ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

    More...
    ProtoNeti
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiBXC_CBCP
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P18640
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1990
    Last sequence update: July 18, 2018
    Last modified: May 8, 2019
    This is version 162 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programViral Protein Annotation Program

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    3D-structure, Direct protein sequencing

    Documents

    1. PDB cross-references
      Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
    2. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
    3. Peptidase families
      Classification of peptidase families and list of entries
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