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Entry version 142 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 3 (23 Oct 2007)
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Protein

Phosphoglucomutase

Gene

pgcA

Organism
Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the interconversion between glucose-6-phosphate and alpha-glucose-1-phosphate. This is the first step in the biosynthesis of diglucosyl-diacylglycerol (Glc2-DAG), i.e. the predominant glycolipid found in B.subtilis membrane, which is also used as a membrane anchor for lipoteichoic acid (LTA). Has a role in the biosynthesis of all phosphate-containing envelope polymers, since glucose-1-phosphate is the precursor of UDP-glucose, which serves as a glucosyl donor not only for the biosynthesis of LTA but also for wall teichoic acids (WTAs). Is required for biofilm formation. This is likely due to another role of UDP-glucose, which might also act as a metabolic signal regulating biofilm formation or may be involved in some unknown biosynthetic pathway essential for biofilm formation, e.g. the synthesis of an exopolysaccharide.2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+By similarityNote: Binds 1 Mg2+ ion per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: diglucosyl-diacylglycerol biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway diglucosyl-diacylglycerol biosynthesis, which is part of Glycolipid metabolism.1 Publication
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway diglucosyl-diacylglycerol biosynthesis and in Glycolipid metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei146Phosphoserine intermediateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi146Magnesium; via phosphate groupBy similarity1
Metal bindingi303MagnesiumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi305MagnesiumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi307MagnesiumBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIsomerase
Biological processCarbohydrate metabolism, Glucose metabolism
LigandMagnesium, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

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BioCyci
BSUB:BSU09310-MONOMER
MetaCyc:MONOMER-6122

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

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SABIO-RKi
P18159

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00894

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Phosphoglucomutase (EC:5.4.2.2)
Short name:
PGM
Alternative name(s):
Alpha-phosphoglucomutase
Glucose phosphomutase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:pgcA
Synonyms:gtaC, gtaE, yhxB
Ordered Locus Names:BSU09310
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBacillus subtilis (strain 168)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri224308 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesBacillaceaeBacillus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001570 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi162G → D: Very low enzymatic activity. Great decrease in biofilm formation. Deformed cell morphology. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi240T → I: Impaired enzymatic activity. Great decrease in biofilm formation. Deformed cell morphology. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi407G → D: Loss of enzymatic activity. Great decrease in biofilm formation. Deformed cell morphology. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi418D → N: Impaired enzymatic activity. Great decrease in biofilm formation. Deformed cell morphology. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001480201 – 581PhosphoglucomutaseAdd BLAST581

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

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jPOSTi
P18159

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P18159

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
P18159, 1 interactor

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
P18159

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
224308.BSU09310

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P18159

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the phosphohexose mutase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

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HOGENOMi
HOG000268676

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P18159

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01835

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
YDRRFMA

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P18159

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR005844 A-D-PHexomutase_a/b/a-I
IPR016055 A-D-PHexomutase_a/b/a-I/II/III
IPR005845 A-D-PHexomutase_a/b/a-II
IPR005846 A-D-PHexomutase_a/b/a-III
IPR005843 A-D-PHexomutase_C
IPR036900 A-D-PHexomutase_C_sf
IPR016066 A-D-PHexomutase_CS
IPR005841 Alpha-D-phosphohexomutase_SF

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02878 PGM_PMM_I, 1 hit
PF02879 PGM_PMM_II, 1 hit
PF02880 PGM_PMM_III, 1 hit
PF00408 PGM_PMM_IV, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00509 PGMPMM

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53738 SSF53738, 3 hits
SSF55957 SSF55957, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00710 PGM_PMM, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P18159-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTWRKSYERW KQTEHLDLEL KERLIELEGD EQALEDCFYK DLEFGTGGMR
60 70 80 90 100
GEIGAGTNRM NIYTVRKASA GFAAYISKQG EEAKKRGVVI AYDSRHKSPE
110 120 130 140 150
FAMEAAKTLA TQGIQTYVFD ELRPTPELSF AVRQLNAYGG IVVTASHNPP
160 170 180 190 200
EYNGYKVYGD DGGQLPPKEA DIVIEQVNAI ENELTITVDE ENKLKEKGLI
210 220 230 240 250
KIIGEDIDKV YTEKLTSISV HPELSEEVDV KVVFTPLHGT ANKPVRRGLE
260 270 280 290 300
ALGYKNVTVV KEQELPDSNF STVTSPNPEE HAAFEYAIKL GEEQNADILI
310 320 330 340 350
ATDPDADRLG IAVKNDQGKY TVLTGNQTGA LLLHYLLSEK KKQGILPDNG
360 370 380 390 400
VVLKTIVTSE IGRAVASSFG LDTIDTLTGF KFIGEKIKEY EASGQYTFQF
410 420 430 440 450
GYEESYGYLI GDFARDKDAI QAALLAVEVC AFYKKQGMSL YEALINLFNE
460 470 480 490 500
YGFYREGLKS LTLKGKQGAE QIEAILASFR QNPPQKMAGK QVVTAEDYAV
510 520 530 540 550
SKRTLLTESK EEAIDLPKSN VLKYFLEDGS WFCLRPSGTE PKVKFYFAVK
560 570 580
GSSLEDSEKR LAVLSEDVMK TVDEIVESTA K
Length:581
Mass (Da):64,663
Last modified:October 23, 2007 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iE8F2823808BFCDF0
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti141I → V in CAA74431 (PubMed:9579061).Curated1
Sequence conflicti189 – 207DEENK…IGEDI → VRY in CAA74431 (PubMed:9579061).CuratedAdd BLAST19

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ784890 Genomic DNA Translation: CAH04980.1
Y14079 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA74431.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB12759.2
M34393 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA22488.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
C69835

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_388812.2, NC_000964.3
WP_003244986.1, NZ_JNCM01000035.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CAB12759; CAB12759; BSU09310

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
936247

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bsu:BSU09310

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|224308.179.peg.1004

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ784890 Genomic DNA Translation: CAH04980.1
Y14079 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA74431.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB12759.2
M34393 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA22488.1
PIRiC69835
RefSeqiNP_388812.2, NC_000964.3
WP_003244986.1, NZ_JNCM01000035.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP18159
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiP18159, 1 interactor
MINTiP18159
STRINGi224308.BSU09310

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP18159
PRIDEiP18159

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAB12759; CAB12759; BSU09310
GeneIDi936247
KEGGibsu:BSU09310
PATRICifig|224308.179.peg.1004

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiHOG000268676
InParanoidiP18159
KOiK01835
OMAiYDRRFMA
PhylomeDBiP18159

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00894
BioCyciBSUB:BSU09310-MONOMER
MetaCyc:MONOMER-6122
SABIO-RKiP18159

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR005844 A-D-PHexomutase_a/b/a-I
IPR016055 A-D-PHexomutase_a/b/a-I/II/III
IPR005845 A-D-PHexomutase_a/b/a-II
IPR005846 A-D-PHexomutase_a/b/a-III
IPR005843 A-D-PHexomutase_C
IPR036900 A-D-PHexomutase_C_sf
IPR016066 A-D-PHexomutase_CS
IPR005841 Alpha-D-phosphohexomutase_SF
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02878 PGM_PMM_I, 1 hit
PF02879 PGM_PMM_II, 1 hit
PF02880 PGM_PMM_III, 1 hit
PF00408 PGM_PMM_IV, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00509 PGMPMM
SUPFAMiSSF53738 SSF53738, 3 hits
SSF55957 SSF55957, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00710 PGM_PMM, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPGCA_BACSU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P18159
Secondary accession number(s): Q68VA2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1990
Last sequence update: October 23, 2007
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 142 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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