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Entry version 160 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 3 (01 Jun 2001)
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Protein

Dihydrofolate reductase

Gene

Dhfr

Organism
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

By interacting with vestigial (vg), may control genes involved in DNA replication.
Key enzyme in folate metabolism. Catalyzes an essential reaction for de novo glycine and purine synthesis, and for DNA precursor synthesis (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate from 7,8-dihydrofolate.
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Dihydrofolate reductase (Dhfr)
This subpathway is part of the pathway tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis, which is itself part of Cofactor biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate from 7,8-dihydrofolate, the pathway tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis and in Cofactor biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei9NADP; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Binding sitei69SubstrateBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi15 – 21NADPBy similarity7
Nucleotide bindingi53 – 55NADPBy similarity3
Nucleotide bindingi75 – 77NADPBy similarity3
Nucleotide bindingi113 – 120NADPBy similarity8

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processDNA replication, One-carbon metabolism
LigandNADP

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
1.5.1.3 1994

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-DME-196757 Metabolism of folate and pterines

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00077;UER00158

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Dihydrofolate reductase (EC:1.5.1.3)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Dhfr
ORF Names:CG14887
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDrosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri7227 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaEcdysozoaArthropodaHexapodaInsectaPterygotaNeopteraHolometabolaDipteraBrachyceraMuscomorphaEphydroideaDrosophilidaeDrosophilaSophophora
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000803 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 3R

Organism-specific databases

Drosophila genome database

More...
FlyBasei
FBgn0004087 Dhfr

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001863701 – 182Dihydrofolate reductaseAdd BLAST182

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P17719

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P17719

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
FBgn0004087 Expressed in 29 organ(s), highest expression level in adult abdomen (Drosophila)

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P17719 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P17719 DM

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer.

Interacts with vg.

1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
67048, 3 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-20310N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P17719, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
7227.FBpp0110210

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P17719

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini3 – 180DHFRPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST178

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni29 – 34Substrate bindingBy similarity6

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the dihydrofolate reductase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1324 Eukaryota
COG0262 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000168797

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P17719

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00287

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
RDNQLPW

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1489621at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P17719

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00209 DHFR, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.430.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR012259 DHFR
IPR024072 DHFR-like_dom_sf
IPR017925 DHFR_CS
IPR001796 DHFR_dom

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR22778:SF16 PTHR22778:SF16, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00186 DHFR_1, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53597 SSF53597, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00075 DHFR_1, 1 hit
PS51330 DHFR_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P17719-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLRFNLIVAV CENFGIGIRG DLPWRIKSEL KYFSRTTKRT SDPTKQNAVV
60 70 80 90 100
MGRKTYFGVP ESKRPLPDRL NIVLSTTLQE SDLPKGVLLC PNLETAMKIL
110 120 130 140 150
EEQNEVENIW IVGGSGVYEE AMASPRCHRL YITKIMQKFD CDTFFPAIPD
160 170 180
SFREVAPDSD MPLGVQEENG IKFEYKILEK HS
Length:182
Mass (Da):20,775
Last modified:June 1, 2001 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iD2C9198F1D2CE430
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti3R → T AA sequence (PubMed:2116172).Curated1
Sequence conflicti11C → S AA sequence (PubMed:2116172).Curated1
Sequence conflicti134K → Q in AAA19051 (PubMed:8195153).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U06861 Unassigned DNA Translation: AAA19051.1
AE014297 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF55324.1
AE014297 Genomic DNA Translation: ABI31175.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A53803
S10759 A33105

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001036720.1, NM_001043255.2
NP_732147.1, NM_169721.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl metazoan genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblMetazoai
FBtr0083295; FBpp0082746; FBgn0004087
FBtr0110910; FBpp0110210; FBgn0004087

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
42003

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
dme:Dmel_CG14887

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
CG14887-RB d. melanogaster

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U06861 Unassigned DNA Translation: AAA19051.1
AE014297 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF55324.1
AE014297 Genomic DNA Translation: ABI31175.1
PIRiA53803
S10759 A33105
RefSeqiNP_001036720.1, NM_001043255.2
NP_732147.1, NM_169721.2

3D structure databases

SMRiP17719
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi67048, 3 interactors
DIPiDIP-20310N
IntActiP17719, 1 interactor
STRINGi7227.FBpp0110210

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP17719
PRIDEiP17719

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblMetazoaiFBtr0083295; FBpp0082746; FBgn0004087
FBtr0110910; FBpp0110210; FBgn0004087
GeneIDi42003
KEGGidme:Dmel_CG14887
UCSCiCG14887-RB d. melanogaster

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
1719
FlyBaseiFBgn0004087 Dhfr

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1324 Eukaryota
COG0262 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000168797
InParanoidiP17719
KOiK00287
OMAiRDNQLPW
OrthoDBi1489621at2759
PhylomeDBiP17719

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00077;UER00158
BRENDAi1.5.1.3 1994
ReactomeiR-DME-196757 Metabolism of folate and pterines

Miscellaneous databases

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
42003

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P17719

Gene expression databases

BgeeiFBgn0004087 Expressed in 29 organ(s), highest expression level in adult abdomen (Drosophila)
ExpressionAtlasiP17719 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP17719 DM

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00209 DHFR, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.40.430.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR012259 DHFR
IPR024072 DHFR-like_dom_sf
IPR017925 DHFR_CS
IPR001796 DHFR_dom
PANTHERiPTHR22778:SF16 PTHR22778:SF16, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00186 DHFR_1, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53597 SSF53597, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00075 DHFR_1, 1 hit
PS51330 DHFR_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiDYR_DROME
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P17719
Secondary accession number(s): A4V302, Q9VEU4
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1990
Last sequence update: June 1, 2001
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 160 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programDrosophila annotation project

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Drosophila
    Drosophila: entries, gene names and cross-references to FlyBase
  3. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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