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Entry version 163 (13 Nov 2019)
Sequence version 2 (01 Nov 1990)
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Protein

Hexokinase-4

Gene

Gck

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the phosphorylation of hexose, such as D-glucose, D-fructose and D-mannose, to hexose 6-phosphate (D-glucose 6-phosphate, D-fructose 6-phosphate and D-mannose 6-phosphate, respectively) (PubMed:6477520, PubMed:12513690, PubMed:24187134). Compared to other hexokinases, has a weak affinity for D-glucose, and is effective only when glucose is abundant (PubMed:6477520). Mainly expressed in pancreatic beta cells and the liver and constitutes a rate-limiting step in glucose metabolism in these tissues (By similarity). Since insulin secretion parallels glucose metabolism and the low glucose affinity of GCK ensures that it can change its enzymatic activity within the physiological range of glucose concentrations, GCK acts as a glucose sensor in the pancreatic beta cell (By similarity). In pancreas, plays an important role in modulating insulin secretion (By similarity). In liver, helps to facilitate the uptake and conversion of glucose by acting as an insulin-sensitive determinant of hepatic glucose usage (By similarity). Required to provide D-glucose 6-phosphate for the synthesis of glycogen (By similarity). Mediates the initial step of glycolysis by catalyzing phosphorylation of D-glucose to D-glucose 6-phosphate (PubMed:6477520, PubMed:12513690).By similarity3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Subject to allosteric regulation (By similarity). Low glucose and high fructose-6-phosphate triggers association with the inhibitor GCKR followed by sequestration in the nucleus (PubMed:10456334).By similarity1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: hexose metabolism

This protein is involved in the pathway hexose metabolism, which is part of Carbohydrate metabolism.2 Publications
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway hexose metabolism and in Carbohydrate metabolism.

Pathwayi: glycolysis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and glycerone phosphate from D-glucose.2 Publications
Proteins known to be involved in the 4 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Hexokinase-3 (Hk3), Mutant type II hexokinase, Hexokinase-4 (Gck), Hexokinase-2 (Hk2), Phosphotransferase (Gck), Hexokinase-3 (Hk3), Hexokinase-1 (Hk1), Hexokinase 3, isoform CRA_a (Hk3), Phosphotransferase (Gck), Hexokinase-1 (Hk1), Uncharacterized protein
  2. Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (Gpi)
  3. ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase (Pfkm), ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase (Pfkp), ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase (Pfkl), ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, muscle type (Pfkm), ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type (Pfkl), ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, platelet type (Pfkp), ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase (Pfkm), ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase (Pfkp)
  4. Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase B (Aldob), Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase A (Aldoa), Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase (Aldoc), Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase (Aldoart2), Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase C (Aldoc), Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase (Aldob)
This subpathway is part of the pathway glycolysis, which is itself part of Carbohydrate degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and glycerone phosphate from D-glucose, the pathway glycolysis and in Carbohydrate degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei228ATPBy similarity1
Binding sitei231SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei256SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei290SubstrateBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi78 – 83ATPBy similarity6
Nucleotide bindingi295 – 296ATPBy similarity2
Nucleotide bindingi332 – 336ATPBy similarity5
Nucleotide bindingi411 – 415ATPBy similarity5

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAllosteric enzyme, Kinase, Transferase
Biological processGlycolysis
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-170822 Regulation of Glucokinase by Glucokinase Regulatory Protein
R-RNO-70171 Glycolysis

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
P17712

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00109;UER00180
UPA00242

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Hexokinase-4Curated (EC:2.7.1.12 Publications)
Short name:
HK4Curated
Alternative name(s):
Glucokinase1 Publication
Hexokinase type IV1 Publication
Short name:
HK IV1 Publication
Hexokinase-D1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GckImported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 14

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
2670 Gck

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Mitochondrion, Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL3882

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001975951 – 465Hexokinase-4Add BLAST465

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P17712

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P17712

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expression is restricted to the liver and pancreatic islets (at protein level).1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000061527 Expressed in 6 organ(s), highest expression level in liver

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P17712 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer (By similarity).

Interacts with MIDN; the interaction occurs preferentially at low glucose levels and results in inhibition of hexokinase activity (PubMed:24187134).

Interacts with GCKR; leading to sequestration in the nucleus (PubMed:10456334, PubMed:16542652).

By similarity3 Publications

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P17712, 2 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
P17712

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000019625

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

More...
BindingDBi
P17712

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P17712

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini10 – 454HexokinasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST445

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni67 – 203Hexokinase small subdomainPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST137
Regioni151 – 152Substrate bindingBy similarity2
Regioni168 – 169Substrate bindingBy similarity2
Regioni204 – 443Hexokinase large subdomainPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST240
Regioni204 – 205Substrate bindingBy similarity2

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the hexokinase family.PROSITE-ProRule annotationCurated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1369 Eukaryota
COG5026 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00950000182787

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000162670

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P17712

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K12407

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1153545at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P17712

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR039073 GCK_chordate
IPR001312 Hexokinase
IPR019807 Hexokinase_BS
IPR022673 Hexokinase_C
IPR022672 Hexokinase_N

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR19443 PTHR19443, 1 hit
PTHR19443:SF3 PTHR19443:SF3, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00349 Hexokinase_1, 1 hit
PF03727 Hexokinase_2, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00378 HEXOKINASE_1, 1 hit
PS51748 HEXOKINASE_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (3+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 3 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative promoter usage and alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
Note: A number of isoforms are produced by alternative promoter usage. The use of alternative promoters apparently enables the type IV hexokinase gene to be regulated by insulin in the liver and glucose in the beta cell. This may constitute an important feedback loop for maintaining glucose homeostasis.By similarity

This entry has 3 described isoforms and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Isoform 1 (identifier: P17712-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLDDRARMEA TKKEKVEQIL AEFQLQEEDL KKVMSRMQKE MDRGLRLETH
60 70 80 90 100
EEASVKMLPT YVRSTPEGSE VGDFLSLDLG GTNFRVMLVK VGEGEAGQWS
110 120 130 140 150
VKTKHQMYSI PEDAMTGTAE MLFDYISECI SDFLDKHQMK HKKLPLGFTF
160 170 180 190 200
SFPVRHEDLD KGILLNWTKG FKASGAEGNN IVGLLRDAIK RRGDFEMDVV
210 220 230 240 250
AMVNDTVATM ISCYYEDRQC EVGMIVGTGC NACYMEEMQN VELVEGDEGR
260 270 280 290 300
MCVNTEWGAF GDSGELDEFL LEYDRMVDES SANPGQQLYE KIIGGKYMGE
310 320 330 340 350
LVRLVLLKLV DENLLFHGEA SEQLRTRGAF ETRFVSQVES DSGDRKQIHN
360 370 380 390 400
ILSTLGLRPS VTDCDIVRRA CESVSTRAAH MCSAGLAGVI NRMRESRSED
410 420 430 440 450
VMRITVGVDG SVYKLHPSFK ERFHASVRRL TPNCEITFIE SEEGSGRGAA
460
LVSAVACKKA CMLAQ
Length:465
Mass (Da):52,116
Last modified:November 1, 1990 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i65B36673DF9297BE
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: P17712-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     122-138: Missing.

Show »
Length:448
Mass (Da):50,061
Checksum:i4925A5DD0CA2668B
GO
Isoform 3 (identifier: P17712-3) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     1-15: MLDDRARMEATKKEK → MAMDTTRCGAQLLTL

Show »
Length:465
Mass (Da):51,919
Checksum:i7495EE087FE4F8C7
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
Q64596Q64596_RAT
Phosphotransferase
Gck rCG_35874
498Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_0020771 – 15MLDDR…TKKEK → MAMDTTRCGAQLLTL in isoform 3. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST15
Alternative sequenceiVSP_002078122 – 138Missing in isoform 2. CuratedAdd BLAST17

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
J04218 mRNA Translation: AAA41229.1
M24952
, M24943, M24944, M24945, M24947, M24948, M24949, M24950, M24951 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA41230.1
M25806 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA41238.1
M25807 mRNA Translation: AAA41239.1
M58759 mRNA Translation: AAA41236.1
X53588 mRNA Translation: CAA37657.1
X53590 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA37660.1
M30770 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA41231.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A31810
I84740

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001257779.1, NM_001270850.1 [P17712-2]
NP_036697.1, NM_012565.2 [P17712-3]
XP_006251241.1, XM_006251179.3 [P17712-1]

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000086343; ENSRNOP00000071435; ENSRNOG00000061527 [P17712-3]
ENSRNOT00000086474; ENSRNOP00000069954; ENSRNOG00000061527 [P17712-2]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

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GeneIDi
24385

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:24385

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:2670 rat [P17712-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative promoter usage, Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
J04218 mRNA Translation: AAA41229.1
M24952
, M24943, M24944, M24945, M24947, M24948, M24949, M24950, M24951 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA41230.1
M25806 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA41238.1
M25807 mRNA Translation: AAA41239.1
M58759 mRNA Translation: AAA41236.1
X53588 mRNA Translation: CAA37657.1
X53590 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA37660.1
M30770 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA41231.1
PIRiA31810
I84740
RefSeqiNP_001257779.1, NM_001270850.1 [P17712-2]
NP_036697.1, NM_012565.2 [P17712-3]
XP_006251241.1, XM_006251179.3 [P17712-1]

3D structure databases

SMRiP17712
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiP17712, 2 interactors
MINTiP17712
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000019625

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiP17712
ChEMBLiCHEMBL3882

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP17712
PRIDEiP17712

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000086343; ENSRNOP00000071435; ENSRNOG00000061527 [P17712-3]
ENSRNOT00000086474; ENSRNOP00000069954; ENSRNOG00000061527 [P17712-2]
GeneIDi24385
KEGGirno:24385
UCSCiRGD:2670 rat [P17712-1]

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

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CTDi
2645
RGDi2670 Gck

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1369 Eukaryota
COG5026 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00950000182787
HOGENOMiHOG000162670
InParanoidiP17712
KOiK12407
OrthoDBi1153545at2759
PhylomeDBiP17712

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00109;UER00180
UPA00242
ReactomeiR-RNO-170822 Regulation of Glucokinase by Glucokinase Regulatory Protein
R-RNO-70171 Glycolysis
SABIO-RKiP17712

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

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PROi
PR:P17712

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000061527 Expressed in 6 organ(s), highest expression level in liver
ExpressionAtlasiP17712 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR039073 GCK_chordate
IPR001312 Hexokinase
IPR019807 Hexokinase_BS
IPR022673 Hexokinase_C
IPR022672 Hexokinase_N
PANTHERiPTHR19443 PTHR19443, 1 hit
PTHR19443:SF3 PTHR19443:SF3, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00349 Hexokinase_1, 1 hit
PF03727 Hexokinase_2, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00378 HEXOKINASE_1, 1 hit
PS51748 HEXOKINASE_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

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ProtoNeti
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MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
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<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiHXK4_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P17712
Secondary accession number(s): P17711
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1990
Last sequence update: November 1, 1990
Last modified: November 13, 2019
This is version 163 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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