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Protein

Malate dehydrogenase [NADP] 1, chloroplastic

Gene
N/A
Organism
Sorghum bicolor (Sorghum) (Sorghum vulgare)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

The chloroplastic, NADP-dependent form is essential for the photosynthesis C4 cycle, which allows plants to circumvent the problem of photorespiration. In C4 plants, NADP-MDH activity acts to convert oxaloacetate to malate in chloroplasts of mesophyll cells for transport to the bundle sheath cells.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Chloroplast NADP-MDH is activated upon illumination. In order to be enzymatically active, disulfide bridges on the protein must be reduced by thioredoxin which receives electrons from ferredoxin and the electron transport system of photosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei64Activation of NADP-MDH1
Sitei69Activation of NADP-MDH1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei174SubstratePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Binding sitei180SubstratePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Binding sitei187NADPBy similarity1
Binding sitei194NADPBy similarity1
Binding sitei213SubstratePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Binding sitei244SubstratePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei269Proton acceptorBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi93 – 99NADPBy similarity7
Nucleotide bindingi211 – 213NADPBy similarity3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
LigandNADP

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
1.1.1.82 5768

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
P17606

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Malate dehydrogenase [NADP] 1, chloroplastic (EC:1.1.1.82)
Alternative name(s):
NADP-MDH-1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSorghum bicolor (Sorghum) (Sorghum vulgare)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4558 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliophytaLiliopsidaPoalesPoaceaePACMAD cladePanicoideaeAndropogonodaeAndropogoneaeSorghinaeSorghum

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chloroplast, Plastid

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 40ChloroplastBy similarityAdd BLAST40
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000001864741 – 429Malate dehydrogenase [NADP] 1, chloroplasticAdd BLAST389

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi64 ↔ 69In oxidized inactive NAD-MDH
Disulfide bondi405 ↔ 417In oxidized inactive NAD-MDH

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P17606

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P17606 baseline

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1429
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

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ProteinModelPortali
P17606

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P17606

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P17606

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the LDH/MDH superfamily. MDH type 2 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1496 Eukaryota
COG0039 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000220953

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00051

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
AGQISNH

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG09360AEK

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.90.110.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR022383 Lactate/malate_DH_C
IPR001236 Lactate/malate_DH_N
IPR015955 Lactate_DH/Glyco_Ohase_4_C
IPR001252 Malate_DH_AS
IPR011273 Malate_DH_NADP-dep_pln
IPR010945 Malate_DH_type2
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR23382 PTHR23382, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02866 Ldh_1_C, 1 hit
PF00056 Ldh_1_N, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF56327 SSF56327, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01757 Malate-DH_plant, 1 hit
TIGR01759 MalateDH-SF1, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00068 MDH, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P17606-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGLSTAYSPV GSHLAPAPLG HRRSAQLHRP RRALLATVRC SVDAAKQVQD
60 70 80 90 100
GVATAEAPAT RKDCFGVFCT TYDLKAEDKT KSWKKLVNIA VSGAAGMISN
110 120 130 140 150
HLLFKLASGE VFGQDQPIAL KLLGSERSFQ ALEGVAMELE DSLYPLLREV
160 170 180 190 200
SIGIDPYEVF EDVDWALLIG AKPRGPGMER AALLDINGQI FADQGKALNA
210 220 230 240 250
VASKNVKVLV VGNPCNTNAL ICLKNAPDIP AKNFHALTRL DENRAKCQLA
260 270 280 290 300
LKAGVFYDKV SNVTIWGNHS TTQVPDFLNA KIDGRPVKEV IKDTKWLEEE
310 320 330 340 350
FTITVQKRGG ALIQKWGRSS AASTAVSIAD AIKSLVTPTP EGDWFSTGVY
360 370 380 390 400
TTGNPYGIAE DIVFSMPCRS KGDGDYELAT DVSMDDFLWE RIKKSEAELL
410 420
AEKKCVAHLT GEGNAYCDVP EDTMLPGEV
Length:429
Mass (Da):46,455
Last modified:August 1, 1990 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i17D9E0A34A67F1FF
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti226 – 228APD → PPH in CAA37531 (PubMed:2209586).Curated3

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M31965 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA34047.1
X53453 mRNA Translation: CAA37531.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
JH0151
S13588

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
XP_002445670.1, XM_002445625.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Sbi.76

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
EES15165; EES15165; SORBI_3007G166300

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
8057802

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
EES15165; EES15165; SORBI_3007G166300

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sbi:8057802

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M31965 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA34047.1
X53453 mRNA Translation: CAA37531.1
PIRiJH0151
S13588
RefSeqiXP_002445670.1, XM_002445625.1
UniGeneiSbi.76

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
7MDHX-ray2.40A/B/C/D55-429[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP17606
SMRiP17606
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP17606

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiEES15165; EES15165; SORBI_3007G166300
GeneIDi8057802
GrameneiEES15165; EES15165; SORBI_3007G166300
KEGGisbi:8057802

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1496 Eukaryota
COG0039 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000220953
KOiK00051
OMAiAGQISNH
OrthoDBiEOG09360AEK

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi1.1.1.82 5768
SABIO-RKiP17606

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP17606

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP17606 baseline

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.90.110.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR022383 Lactate/malate_DH_C
IPR001236 Lactate/malate_DH_N
IPR015955 Lactate_DH/Glyco_Ohase_4_C
IPR001252 Malate_DH_AS
IPR011273 Malate_DH_NADP-dep_pln
IPR010945 Malate_DH_type2
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
PANTHERiPTHR23382 PTHR23382, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02866 Ldh_1_C, 1 hit
PF00056 Ldh_1_N, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF56327 SSF56327, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01757 Malate-DH_plant, 1 hit
TIGR01759 MalateDH-SF1, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00068 MDH, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiMDHP1_SORBI
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P17606
Secondary accession number(s): P19796
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1990
Last sequence update: August 1, 1990
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 142 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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