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Entry version 152 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 3 (03 Oct 2003)
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Protein

Fumarate reductase flavoprotein subunit

Gene

frdA

Organism
Wolinella succinogenes (strain ATCC 29543 / DSM 1740 / LMG 7466 / NCTC 11488 / FDC 602W) (Vibrio succinogenes)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

The fumarate reductase enzyme complex is required for fumarate respiration using formate or sulfide as electron donor.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

FADNote: Binds 1 FAD covalently per subunit.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei257By similarity1
Active sitei273By similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi9 – 23FADSequence analysisAdd BLAST15

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processElectron transport, Respiratory chain, Transport
LigandFAD, Flavoprotein

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
WSUC273121:G1GTD-799-MONOMER

Protein family/group databases

Transport Classification Database

More...
TCDBi
3.D.10.1.3 the prokaryotic succinate dehydrogenase (sdh) family

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Fumarate reductase flavoprotein subunit (EC:1.3.5.4)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:frdA
Ordered Locus Names:WS0831
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiWolinella succinogenes (strain ATCC 29543 / DSM 1740 / LMG 7466 / NCTC 11488 / FDC 602W) (Vibrio succinogenes)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri273121 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaEpsilonproteobacteriaCampylobacteralesHelicobacteraceaeWolinella
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000422 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

Drug and drug target database

More...
DrugBanki
DB07669 2,3-DIMETHYL-1,4-NAPHTHOQUINONE

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001586671 – 656Fumarate reductase flavoprotein subunitAdd BLAST656

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei43Tele-8alpha-FAD histidine1

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Part of an enzyme complex containing three subunits: a flavoprotein, an iron-sulfur protein, and cytochrome b-556.

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
273121.WS0831

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1656
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P17412

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P17412

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105C00 Bacteria
COG1053 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000160475

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00244

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
HRAESCG

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
153138at2

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.50.50.60, 1 hit
3.90.700.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR003953 FAD-binding_2
IPR036188 FAD/NAD-bd_sf
IPR003952 FRD_SDH_FAD_BS
IPR037099 Fum_R/Succ_DH_flav-like_C_sf
IPR015939 Fum_Rdtase/Succ_DH_flav-like_C
IPR027477 Succ_DH/fumarate_Rdtase_cat_sf
IPR014006 Succ_Dhase_FrdA_Gneg

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00890 FAD_binding_2, 1 hit
PF02910 Succ_DH_flav_C, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF46977 SSF46977, 1 hit
SSF51905 SSF51905, 1 hit
SSF56425 SSF56425, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01812 sdhA_frdA_Gneg, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00504 FRD_SDH_FAD_BINDING, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P17412-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKVQYCDSLV IGGGLAGLRA AVATQQKGLS TIVLSLIPVK RSHSAAAQGG
60 70 80 90 100
MQASLGNSKM SDGDNEDLHF MDTVKGSDWG CDQKVARMFV NTAPKAIREL
110 120 130 140 150
AAWGVPWTRI HKGDRMAIIN AQKTTITEED FRHGLIHSRD FGGTKKWRTC
160 170 180 190 200
YTADATGHTM LFAVANECLK LGVSIQDRKE AIALIHQDGK CYGAVVRDLV
210 220 230 240 250
TGDIIAYVAK GTLIATGGYG RIYKNTTNAV VCEGTGTAIA LETGIAQLGN
260 270 280 290 300
MEAVQFHPTP LFPSGILLTE GCRGDGGILR DVDGHRFMPD YEPEKKELAS
310 320 330 340 350
RDVVSRRMIE HIRKGKGVQS PYGQHLWLDI SILGRKHIET NLRDVQEICE
360 370 380 390 400
YFAGIDPAEK WAPVLPMQHY SMGGIRTDYR GEAKLKGLFS AGEAACWDMH
410 420 430 440 450
GFNRLGGNSV SEAVVAGMIV GEYFAEHCAN TQVDLETKTL EKFVKGQEAY
460 470 480 490 500
MKSLVESKGT EDVFKIKNRM KDVMDDNVGI FRDGPHLEKA VKELEELYKK
510 520 530 540 550
SKNVGIKNKR LHANPELEEA YRVPMMLKVA LCVAKGALDR TESRGAHNRE
560 570 580 590 600
DYPKRDDINW LNRTLASWPN PEQTLPTLEY EALDVNEMEI APGYRGYGAK
610 620 630 640 650
GNYIENPLSV KRQEEIDKIQ SELEAAGKDR HAIQEALMPY ELPAKYKARN

ERLGDK
Length:656
Mass (Da):72,719
Last modified:October 3, 2003 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iBFEE6E8316F7F618
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ000662 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA04214.2
BX571659 Genomic DNA Translation: CAE09942.1
M28294 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA27586.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
B44954

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_011138739.1, NC_005090.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CAE09942; CAE09942; WS0831

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
wsu:WS0831

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ000662 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA04214.2
BX571659 Genomic DNA Translation: CAE09942.1
M28294 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA27586.1
PIRiB44954
RefSeqiWP_011138739.1, NC_005090.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1E7PX-ray3.10A/D/G/J1-656[»]
1QLBX-ray2.33A/D1-656[»]
2BS2X-ray1.78A/D1-656[»]
2BS3X-ray2.19A/D1-656[»]
2BS4X-ray2.76A/D1-656[»]
SMRiP17412
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi273121.WS0831

Chemistry databases

DrugBankiDB07669 2,3-DIMETHYL-1,4-NAPHTHOQUINONE

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi3.D.10.1.3 the prokaryotic succinate dehydrogenase (sdh) family

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAE09942; CAE09942; WS0831
KEGGiwsu:WS0831

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105C00 Bacteria
COG1053 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000160475
KOiK00244
OMAiHRAESCG
OrthoDBi153138at2

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciWSUC273121:G1GTD-799-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP17412

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.50.50.60, 1 hit
3.90.700.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR003953 FAD-binding_2
IPR036188 FAD/NAD-bd_sf
IPR003952 FRD_SDH_FAD_BS
IPR037099 Fum_R/Succ_DH_flav-like_C_sf
IPR015939 Fum_Rdtase/Succ_DH_flav-like_C
IPR027477 Succ_DH/fumarate_Rdtase_cat_sf
IPR014006 Succ_Dhase_FrdA_Gneg
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00890 FAD_binding_2, 1 hit
PF02910 Succ_DH_flav_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF46977 SSF46977, 1 hit
SSF51905 SSF51905, 1 hit
SSF56425 SSF56425, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01812 sdhA_frdA_Gneg, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00504 FRD_SDH_FAD_BINDING, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFRDA_WOLSU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P17412
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1990
Last sequence update: October 3, 2003
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 152 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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