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Entry version 95 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 2 (29 Aug 2001)
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Protein

50S ribosomal protein L16, chloroplastic

Gene

rpl16

Organism
Spinacia oleracea (Spinach)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Component of the chloroplast ribosome (chloro-ribosome), a dedicated translation machinery responsible for the synthesis of chloroplast genome-encoded proteins, including proteins of the transcription and translation machinery and components of the photosynthetic apparatus.2 Publications

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionRibonucleoprotein, Ribosomal protein

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
50S ribosomal protein L16, chloroplastic1 PublicationUniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
Chloroplastic large ribosomal subunit protein uL16c1 Publication
Ribosomal protein CS-L24
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:rpl16UniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates if the gene coding for the protein originates from the hydrogenosome, the mitochondrion, the nucleomorph, different plastids or a plasmid. The absence of this section means that the gene is located in one of the main chromosomal element(s).<p><a href='/help/encoded_on' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Encoded oniPlastid; Chloroplast
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSpinacia oleracea (Spinach)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3562 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliophytaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaeCaryophyllalesChenopodiaceaeChenopodioideaeAnserineaeSpinacia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000054095 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chloroplast

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chloroplast, Plastid

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000623151 – 13550S ribosomal protein L16, chloroplasticAdd BLAST135

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei1N-methylmethionine1 Publication1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Partially alpha-N-monomethylated at Met-1 (10%), whereas 90% of it is blocked to Edman degradation, probably by trimethylation.1 Publication

Keywords - PTMi

Methylation

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P17353

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P17353

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Component of the chloroplast large ribosomal subunit (LSU). Mature 70S chloroplast ribosomes of higher plants consist of a small (30S) and a large (50S) subunit. The 30S small subunit contains 1 molecule of ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) and 24 different proteins. The 50S large subunit contains 3 rRNA molecules (23S, 5S and 4.5S rRNA) and 33 different proteins.2 Publications

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1135
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

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PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

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RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
4V61electron microscopy9.40BO1-135[»]
5H1Selectron microscopy3.50O1-135[»]
5MLCelectron microscopy3.90O1-135[»]
5MMIelectron microscopy3.25N1-135[»]
5MMMelectron microscopy3.40N1-135[»]
5X8Pelectron microscopy3.40N1-135[»]
5X8Telectron microscopy3.30N1-135[»]
6ERIelectron microscopy3.00AM1-134[»]

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P17353

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P17353

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the universal ribosomal protein uL16 family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K02878

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
1510587at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd01433 Ribosomal_L16_L10e, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.90.1170.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_01342 Ribosomal_L16, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR016180 Ribosomal_L10e/L16
IPR036920 Ribosomal_L10e/L16_sf
IPR000114 Ribosomal_L16
IPR020798 Ribosomal_L16_CS

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR12220 PTHR12220, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00252 Ribosomal_L16, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00060 RIBOSOMALL16

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF54686 SSF54686, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01164 rplP_bact, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00586 RIBOSOMAL_L16_1, 1 hit
PS00701 RIBOSOMAL_L16_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P17353-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLSPKRTRFR KQHRGRMKGI SYRGNRICFG RYALQALEPA WITSRQIEAG
60 70 80 90 100
RRAMTRNARR GGKIWVRIFP DKPVTVRPAE TRMGSGKGSP EYWVAVVKPG
110 120 130
RILYEISGVA ENIARRAVAI AASKMPIRTQ FIISG
Length:135
Mass (Da):15,298
Last modified:August 29, 2001 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i908A446567467290
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti58A → G in CAA31716 (PubMed:2747623).Curated1
Sequence conflicti117A → D in CAA31716 (PubMed:2747623).Curated1

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports information derived from mass spectrometry experiments done on the entire protein or on biologically active derived peptide(s).<p><a href='/help/mass_spectrometry' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mass spectrometryi

Molecular mass is 15467.0 Da from positions 1 - 135. Determined by ESI. 1 Publication

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X13336 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA31716.1
AJ400848 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB88765.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S01979 R5SP16

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_054972.1, NC_002202.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
2715623

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
soe:2715623

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X13336 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA31716.1
AJ400848 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB88765.1
PIRiS01979 R5SP16
RefSeqiNP_054972.1, NC_002202.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
4V61electron microscopy9.40BO1-135[»]
5H1Selectron microscopy3.50O1-135[»]
5MLCelectron microscopy3.90O1-135[»]
5MMIelectron microscopy3.25N1-135[»]
5MMMelectron microscopy3.40N1-135[»]
5X8Pelectron microscopy3.40N1-135[»]
5X8Telectron microscopy3.30N1-135[»]
6ERIelectron microscopy3.00AM1-134[»]
SMRiP17353
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP17353

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP17353

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi2715623
KEGGisoe:2715623

Phylogenomic databases

KOiK02878
OrthoDBi1510587at2759

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP17353

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01433 Ribosomal_L16_L10e, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.90.1170.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_01342 Ribosomal_L16, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR016180 Ribosomal_L10e/L16
IPR036920 Ribosomal_L10e/L16_sf
IPR000114 Ribosomal_L16
IPR020798 Ribosomal_L16_CS
PANTHERiPTHR12220 PTHR12220, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00252 Ribosomal_L16, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00060 RIBOSOMALL16
SUPFAMiSSF54686 SSF54686, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01164 rplP_bact, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00586 RIBOSOMAL_L16_1, 1 hit
PS00701 RIBOSOMAL_L16_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiRK16_SPIOL
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P17353
Secondary accession number(s): Q9M3J7
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1990
Last sequence update: August 29, 2001
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 95 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Ribosomal proteins
    Ribosomal proteins families and list of entries
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