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Entry version 136 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 5 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Tyrosine 3-monooxygenase

Gene

TH

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Plays an important role in the physiology of adrenergic neurons.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Fe2+

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Phosphorylation leads to an increase in the catalytic activity.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: dopamine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes dopamine from L-tyrosine.
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Tyrosine 3-monooxygenase (TH)
  2. Aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase (DDC)
This subpathway is part of the pathway dopamine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Catecholamine biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes dopamine from L-tyrosine, the pathway dopamine biosynthesis and in Catecholamine biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi324IronBy similarity1
Metal bindingi329IronBy similarity1
Metal bindingi369IronBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • iron ion binding Source: InterPro
  • tyrosine 3-monooxygenase activity Source: GO_Central

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionMonooxygenase, Oxidoreductase
Biological processCatecholamine biosynthesis, Neurotransmitter biosynthesis
LigandIron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
P17289

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00747;UER00733

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Tyrosine 3-monooxygenase (EC:1.14.16.2)
Alternative name(s):
Tyrosine 3-hydroxylase
Short name:
TH
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:TH
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL3713

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemoved1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002055602 – 491Tyrosine 3-monooxygenaseAdd BLAST490

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei19Phosphoserine; by CaMK2By similarity1
Modified residuei31PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei40Phosphoserine; by CaMK2 and PKABy similarity1
Modified residuei465PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P17289

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P17289

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P17289

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000038050

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

More...
BindingDBi
P17289

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P17289

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3820 Eukaryota
COG3186 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000233373

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P17289

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00501

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
614557at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd03345 eu_TyrOH, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.800.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001273 ArAA_hydroxylase
IPR036951 ArAA_hydroxylase_sf
IPR036329 Aro-AA_hydroxylase_C_sf
IPR019774 Aromatic-AA_hydroxylase_C
IPR041903 Eu_TyrOH_cat
IPR005962 Tyr_3_mOase
IPR019773 Tyrosine_3-monooxygenase-like
IPR021164 Tyrosine_hydroxylase_CS

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11473 PTHR11473, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00351 Biopterin_H, 1 hit
PF12549 TOH_N, 2 hits

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000336 TH, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00372 FYWHYDRXLASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56534 SSF56534, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01269 Tyr_3_monoox, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51410 BH4_AAA_HYDROXYL_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P17289-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MPTPNAASPQ AKGFRRAVSE LDAKQAEAIM SPRFVGRRQS LIQDARKERE
60 70 80 90 100
KAEAAASSSE SAEAAAWLER DGEAVLTLLF ALPPTRPPAL TRAIKVFETF
110 120 130 140 150
EAHLHHLETR PAQPLRAGSP PLECFVRCEV PGPVVPALLS ALRRVAEDVR
160 170 180 190 200
AAGESKVLWF PRKVSELDKC HHLVTKFDPD LDLDHPGFSD QAYRQRRKLI
210 220 230 240 250
AEIAFQYKQG DPIPHVEYTA EETATWKEVY STLRGLYPTH ACREHLEAFE
260 270 280 290 300
LLERFCGYRE DRIPQLEDVS RFLKERTGFQ LRPAAGLLSA RDFLASLAFR
310 320 330 340 350
VFQCTQYIRH ASSPMHSPEP ECCHELLGHV PMLADRTFAQ FSQDIGLASL
360 370 380 390 400
GVSDEEIEKL STLYWFTVEF GLCKQNGEVK AYGAGLLSSY GELLHSLSEE
410 420 430 440 450
PEIRAFDPDA AAVQPYQDQT YQPVYFVSES FSDAKDKLRS YASRIQRPFS
460 470 480 490
VKFDPYTLAI DVLDSPHAIR HALDGVQDEM QALAHALNAI S
Length:491
Mass (Da):55,123
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v5
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i86707712238F12F2
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti65 – 68AAWL → GSLV in AAA30798 (PubMed:2899135).Curated4
Sequence conflicti73E → K in AAA30798 (PubMed:2899135).Curated1
Sequence conflicti83P → R in AAA30798 (PubMed:2899135).Curated1
Sequence conflicti86R → K in AAA30798 (PubMed:2899135).Curated1
Sequence conflicti284A → V in AAA30798 (PubMed:2899135).Curated1
Sequence conflicti321E → D in AAA30798 (PubMed:2899135).Curated1
Sequence conflicti328 – 330GHV → AHG in AAA30798 (PubMed:2899135).Curated3
Sequence conflicti380K → N in AAA30798 (PubMed:2899135).Curated1
Sequence conflicti471H → R in AAA30798 (PubMed:2899135).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M36794 mRNA Translation: AAA30779.1
M36705 mRNA Translation: AAA30798.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
I45983
JL0039

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_776309.1, NM_173884.2

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
280707

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:280707

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M36794 mRNA Translation: AAA30779.1
M36705 mRNA Translation: AAA30798.1
PIRiI45983
JL0039
RefSeqiNP_776309.1, NM_173884.2

3D structure databases

SMRiP17289
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000038050

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiP17289
ChEMBLiCHEMBL3713

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP17289

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP17289
PRIDEiP17289

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi280707
KEGGibta:280707

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
7054

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3820 Eukaryota
COG3186 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000233373
InParanoidiP17289
KOiK00501
OrthoDBi614557at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00747;UER00733

SABIO-RKiP17289

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P17289

Family and domain databases

CDDicd03345 eu_TyrOH, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.800.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001273 ArAA_hydroxylase
IPR036951 ArAA_hydroxylase_sf
IPR036329 Aro-AA_hydroxylase_C_sf
IPR019774 Aromatic-AA_hydroxylase_C
IPR041903 Eu_TyrOH_cat
IPR005962 Tyr_3_mOase
IPR019773 Tyrosine_3-monooxygenase-like
IPR021164 Tyrosine_hydroxylase_CS
PANTHERiPTHR11473 PTHR11473, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00351 Biopterin_H, 1 hit
PF12549 TOH_N, 2 hits
PIRSFiPIRSF000336 TH, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00372 FYWHYDRXLASE
SUPFAMiSSF56534 SSF56534, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01269 Tyr_3_monoox, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51410 BH4_AAA_HYDROXYL_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTY3H_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P17289
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1990
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 136 of the entry and version 5 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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