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Entry version 184 (02 Dec 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Aug 1990)
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Protein

Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein

Gene

Tgfb1

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein: Precursor of the Latency-associated peptide (LAP) and Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1) chains, which constitute the regulatory and active subunit of TGF-beta-1, respectively.By similarity
Required to maintain the Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1) chain in a latent state during storage in extracellular matrix. Associates non-covalently with TGF-beta-1 and regulates its activation via interaction with 'milieu molecules', such as LTBP1, LRRC32/GARP and LRRC33/NRROS, that control activation of TGF-beta-1. Interaction with LRRC33/NRROS regulates activation of TGF-beta-1 in macrophages and microglia. Interaction with LRRC32/GARP controls activation of TGF-beta-1 on the surface of activated regulatory T-cells (Tregs). Interaction with integrins (ITGAV:ITGB6 or ITGAV:ITGB8) results in distortion of the Latency-associated peptide chain and subsequent release of the active TGF-beta-1.By similarity
Transforming growth factor beta-1: Multifunctional protein that regulates the growth and differentiation of various cell types and is involved in various processes, such as normal development, immune function, microglia function and responses to neurodegeneration (By similarity). Activation into mature form follows different steps: following cleavage of the proprotein in the Golgi apparatus, Latency-associated peptide (LAP) and Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1) chains remain non-covalently linked rendering TGF-beta-1 inactive during storage in extracellular matrix (By similarity). At the same time, LAP chain interacts with 'milieu molecules', such as LTBP1, LRRC32/GARP and LRRC33/NRROS that control activation of TGF-beta-1 and maintain it in a latent state during storage in extracellular milieus. TGF-beta-1 is released from LAP by integrins (ITGAV:ITGB6 or ITGAV:ITGB8): integrin-binding to LAP stabilizes an alternative conformation of the LAP bowtie tail and results in distortion of the LAP chain and subsequent release of the active TGF-beta-1 (By similarity). Once activated following release of LAP, TGF-beta-1 acts by binding to TGF-beta receptors (TGFBR1 and TGFBR2), which transduce signal (By similarity). While expressed by many cells types, TGF-beta-1 only has a very localized range of action within cell environment thanks to fine regulation of its activation by Latency-associated peptide chain (LAP) and 'milieu molecules' (PubMed:2070682). Plays an important role in bone remodeling: acts as a potent stimulator of osteoblastic bone formation, causing chemotaxis, proliferation and differentiation in committed osteoblasts (PubMed:2070682). Can promote either T-helper 17 cells (Th17) or regulatory T-cells (Treg) lineage differentiation in a concentration-dependent manner (By similarity). At high concentrations, leads to FOXP3-mediated suppression of RORC and down-regulation of IL-17 expression, favoring Treg cell development (By similarity). At low concentrations in concert with IL-6 and IL-21, leads to expression of the IL-17 and IL-23 receptors, favoring differentiation to Th17 cells (By similarity). Stimulates sustained production of collagen through the activation of CREB3L1 by regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP). Mediates SMAD2/3 activation by inducing its phosphorylation and subsequent translocation to the nucleus. Can induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cell migration in various cell types (By similarity).By similarity1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionGrowth factor, Mitogen

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-114608, Platelet degranulation
R-RNO-202733, Cell surface interactions at the vascular wall
R-RNO-2129379, Molecules associated with elastic fibres
R-RNO-2173788, Downregulation of TGF-beta receptor signaling
R-RNO-2173789, TGF-beta receptor signaling activates SMADs
R-RNO-2173791, TGF-beta receptor signaling in EMT (epithelial to mesenchymal transition)
R-RNO-3000170, Syndecan interactions
R-RNO-8941855, RUNX3 regulates CDKN1A transcription
R-RNO-8941858, Regulation of RUNX3 expression and activity

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein
Cleaved into the following 2 chains:
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Tgfb1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
69051, Tgfb1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Extracellular matrix, Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 29By similarityAdd BLAST29
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000003377030 – 278Latency-associated peptideBy similarityAdd BLAST249
ChainiPRO_0000033771279 – 390Transforming growth factor beta-1By similarityAdd BLAST112

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi33Interchain (with C-1359 or C-1384 in LTBP1); in inactive formBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi82N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi136N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi176N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi223Interchain (with C-225)By similarity
Disulfide bondi225Interchain (with C-223)By similarity
Disulfide bondi285 ↔ 294By similarity
Disulfide bondi293 ↔ 356By similarity
Disulfide bondi322 ↔ 387By similarity
Disulfide bondi326 ↔ 389By similarity
Disulfide bondi355InterchainBy similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein: The precursor proprotein is cleaved in the Golgi apparatus by FURIN to form Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1) and Latency-associated peptide (LAP) chains, which remain non-covalently linked, rendering TGF-beta-1 inactive.By similarity
N-glycosylated. Deglycosylation leads to activation of Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1); mechanisms triggering deglycosylation-driven activation of TGF-beta-1 are however unclear.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections ('Function', 'PTM / Processing', 'Pathology and Biotech') according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei278 – 279Cleavage; by FURINBy similarity2

Keywords - PTMi

Cleavage on pair of basic residues, Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P17246

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P17246

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P17246

PTM databases

GlyGen: Computational and Informatics Resources for Glycoscience

More...
GlyGeni
P17246, 3 sites

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
P17246

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Abundant in the bone matrix.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000020652, Expressed in spleen and 21 other tissues

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P17246, RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer; disulfide-linked (By similarity).

Interacts with the serine proteases, HTRA1 and HTRA3: the interaction with either inhibits TGFB1-mediated signaling. The HTRA protease activity is required for this inhibition. May interact with THSD4; this interaction may lead to sequestration by FBN1 microfibril assembly and attenuation of TGFB signaling (By similarity).

Interacts with CD109, DPT and ASPN. Latency-associated peptide: Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Latency-associated peptide:

Interacts with Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1) chain; interaction is non-covalent and maintains (TGF-beta-1) in a latent state; each Latency-associated peptide (LAP) monomer interacts with TGF-beta-1 in the other monomer. Latency-associated peptide:

Interacts with LTBP1; leading to regulate activation of TGF-beta-1. Latency-associated peptide:

Interacts with LRRC32/GARP; leading to regulate activation of TGF-beta-1 on the surface of activated regulatory T-cells (Tregs).

Interacts with LRRC33/NRROS; leading to regulate activation of TGF-beta-1 in macrophages and microglia. Latency-associated peptide:

Interacts (via cell attachment site) with integrins ITGAV and ITGB6 (ITGAV:ITGB6), leading to release of the active TGF-beta-1 (By similarity). Latency-associated peptide:

Interacts with NREP; the interaction results in a decrease in TGFB1 autoinduction (By similarity). Latency-associated peptide:

Interacts with HSP90AB1; inhibits latent TGFB1 activation. Transforming growth factor beta-1: Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Transforming growth factor beta-1:

Interacts with TGF-beta receptors (TGFBR1 and TGFBR2), leading to signal transduction (By similarity).

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
248721, 1 interactor

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-6247N

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000028051

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P17246

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni30 – 74Straightjacket domainBy similarityAdd BLAST45
Regioni75 – 271Arm domainBy similarityAdd BLAST197
Regioni226 – 252Bowtie tailBy similarityAdd BLAST27

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi244 – 246Cell attachment siteSequence analysis3

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The 'straitjacket' and 'arm' domains encircle the Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta-1) monomers and are fastened together by strong bonding between Lys-56 and Tyr-103/Tyr-104.By similarity
The cell attachment site motif mediates binding to integrins (ITGAV:ITGB6 or ITGAV:ITGB8). The motif locates to a long loop in the arm domain called the bowtie tail. Integrin-binding stabilizes an alternative conformation of the bowtie tail. Activation by integrin requires force application by the actin cytoskeleton, which is resisted by the 'milieu molecules' (such as LTBP1, LRRC32/GARP and/or LRRC33/NRROS), resulting in distortion of the prodomain and release of the active TGF-beta-1.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the TGF-beta family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3900, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000160457

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_039840_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P17246

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
FSAHCSC

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
643840at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P17246

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF318514

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.10.90.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029034, Cystine-knot_cytokine
IPR001839, TGF-b_C
IPR001111, TGF-b_propeptide
IPR016319, TGF-beta
IPR015615, TGF-beta-rel
IPR003939, TGFb1
IPR017948, TGFb_CS

The PANTHER Classification System

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PANTHERi
PTHR11848, PTHR11848, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00019, TGF_beta, 1 hit
PF00688, TGFb_propeptide, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF001787, TGF-beta, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01423, TGFBETA
PR01424, TGFBETA1

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00204, TGFB, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF57501, SSF57501, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00250, TGF_BETA_1, 1 hit
PS51362, TGF_BETA_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P17246-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MPPSGLRLLP LLLPLPWLLV LTPGRPAAGL STCKTIDMEL VKRKRIEAIR
60 70 80 90 100
GQILSKLRLA SPPSQGEVPP GPLPEAVLAL YNSTRDRVAG ESADPEPEPE
110 120 130 140 150
ADYYAKEVTR VLMVDRNNAI YDKTKDITHS IYMFFNTSDI REAVPEPPLL
160 170 180 190 200
SRAELRLQRF KSTVEQHVEL YQKYSNNSWR YLGNRLLTPT DTPEWLSFDV
210 220 230 240 250
TGVVRQWLNQ GDGIQGFRFS AHCSCDSKDN VLHVEINGIS PKRRGDLGTI
260 270 280 290 300
HDMNRPFLLL MATPLERAQH LHSSRHRRAL DTNYCFSSTE KNCCVRQLYI
310 320 330 340 350
DFRKDLGWKW IHEPKGYHAN FCLGPCPYIW SLDTQYSKVL ALYNQHNPGA
360 370 380 390
SASPCCVPQA LEPLPIVYYV GRKPKVEQLS NMIVRSCKCS
Length:390
Mass (Da):44,329
Last modified:August 1, 1990 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i5E21108ED50D853C
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X52498 mRNA Translation: CAA36741.1
AY550025 mRNA Translation: AAS55640.1
BC076380 mRNA Translation: AAH76380.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S10219

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_067589.1, NM_021578.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000028051; ENSRNOP00000028051; ENSRNOG00000020652

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
59086

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:59086

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:69051, rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X52498 mRNA Translation: CAA36741.1
AY550025 mRNA Translation: AAS55640.1
BC076380 mRNA Translation: AAH76380.1
PIRiS10219
RefSeqiNP_067589.1, NM_021578.2

3D structure databases

SMRiP17246
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi248721, 1 interactor
DIPiDIP-6247N
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000028051

PTM databases

GlyGeniP17246, 3 sites
PhosphoSitePlusiP17246

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP17246
PaxDbiP17246
PRIDEiP17246

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000028051; ENSRNOP00000028051; ENSRNOG00000020652
GeneIDi59086
KEGGirno:59086
UCSCiRGD:69051, rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
7040
RGDi69051, Tgfb1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3900, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000160457
HOGENOMiCLU_039840_0_0_1
InParanoidiP17246
OMAiFSAHCSC
OrthoDBi643840at2759
PhylomeDBiP17246
TreeFamiTF318514

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-114608, Platelet degranulation
R-RNO-202733, Cell surface interactions at the vascular wall
R-RNO-2129379, Molecules associated with elastic fibres
R-RNO-2173788, Downregulation of TGF-beta receptor signaling
R-RNO-2173789, TGF-beta receptor signaling activates SMADs
R-RNO-2173791, TGF-beta receptor signaling in EMT (epithelial to mesenchymal transition)
R-RNO-3000170, Syndecan interactions
R-RNO-8941855, RUNX3 regulates CDKN1A transcription
R-RNO-8941858, Regulation of RUNX3 expression and activity

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

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PROi
PR:P17246

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000020652, Expressed in spleen and 21 other tissues
GenevisibleiP17246, RN

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.10.90.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029034, Cystine-knot_cytokine
IPR001839, TGF-b_C
IPR001111, TGF-b_propeptide
IPR016319, TGF-beta
IPR015615, TGF-beta-rel
IPR003939, TGFb1
IPR017948, TGFb_CS
PANTHERiPTHR11848, PTHR11848, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00019, TGF_beta, 1 hit
PF00688, TGFb_propeptide, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001787, TGF-beta, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01423, TGFBETA
PR01424, TGFBETA1
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00204, TGFB, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF57501, SSF57501, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00250, TGF_BETA_1, 1 hit
PS51362, TGF_BETA_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

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ProtoNeti
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MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
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<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTGFB1_RAT
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P17246
Secondary accession number(s): Q53YM8
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1990
Last sequence update: August 1, 1990
Last modified: December 2, 2020
This is version 184 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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