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Protein

Transforming growth factor beta-3 proprotein

Gene

Tgfb3

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Transforming growth factor beta-3 proprotein: Precursor of the Latency-associated peptide (LAP) and Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3) chains, which constitute the regulatory and active subunit of TGF-beta-3, respectively.By similarity
Latency-associated peptide: Required to maintain the Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3) chain in a latent state during storage in extracellular matrix (By similarity). Associates non-covalently with TGF-beta-3 and regulates its activation via interaction with 'milieu molecules', such as LTBP1 and LRRC32/GARP, that control activation of TGF-beta-3 (PubMed:28912269). Interaction with integrins results in distortion of the Latency-associated peptide chain and subsequent release of the active TGF-beta-3 (By similarity).By similarity1 Publication
Transforming growth factor beta-3: Multifunctional protein that regulates embryogenesis and cell differentiation and is required in various processes such as secondary palate development (PubMed:7493021, PubMed:7493022, PubMed:10433915, PubMed:28912269). Activation into mature form follows different steps: following cleavage of the proprotein in the Golgi apparatus, Latency-associated peptide (LAP) and Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3) chains remain non-covalently linked rendering TGF-beta-3 inactive during storage in extracellular matrix (By similarity). At the same time, LAP chain interacts with 'milieu molecules', such as LTBP1 and LRRC32/GARP that control activation of TGF-beta-3 and maintain it in a latent state during storage in extracellular milieus (PubMed:28912269). TGF-beta-3 is released from LAP by integrins: integrin-binding results in distortion of the LAP chain and subsequent release of the active TGF-beta-3 (By similarity). Once activated following release of LAP, TGF-beta-3 acts by binding to TGF-beta receptors (TGFBR1 and TGFBR2), which transduce signal (By similarity).By similarity4 Publications

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionGrowth factor, Mitogen

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Transforming growth factor beta-3 proprotein
Cleaved into the following 2 chains:
Gene namesi
Name:Tgfb3Imported
OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

MGIiMGI:98727 Tgfb3

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Extracellular matrix, Secreted

Pathology & Biotechi

Disruption phenotypei

Mice display a cleft palate caused by defects in medial edge epithelial seam degeneration and palate fusion, leading to death within the first day after birth.3 Publications

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Signal peptidei1 – 23Sequence analysisAdd BLAST23
ChainiPRO_000003379824 – 298Latency-associated peptideBy similarityAdd BLAST275
ChainiPRO_0000033799299 – 410Transforming growth factor beta-3By similarityAdd BLAST112

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Glycosylationi72N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi133N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi140N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Modified residuei291N5-methylglutamineBy similarity1
Disulfide bondi305 ↔ 314By similarity
Disulfide bondi313 ↔ 376By similarity
Disulfide bondi342 ↔ 407By similarity
Disulfide bondi346 ↔ 409By similarity
Disulfide bondi375InterchainBy similarity

Post-translational modificationi

Transforming growth factor beta-3 proprotein: The precursor proprotein is cleaved in the Golgi apparatus to form Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3) and Latency-associated peptide (LAP) chains, which remain non-covalently linked, rendering TGF-beta-3 inactive.By similarity
Methylated at Gln-291 by N6AMT1.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Cleavage on pair of basic residues, Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein, Methylation

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiP17125
PaxDbiP17125
PeptideAtlasiP17125
PRIDEiP17125

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP17125
PhosphoSitePlusiP17125

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

CleanExiMM_TGFB3

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Interacts with ASPN (By similarity). Latency-associated peptide: Homodimer; disulfide-linked (By similarity). Latency-associated peptide: Interacts with Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3) chain; interaction is non-covalent and maintains (TGF-beta-3) in a latent state (By similarity). Latency-associated peptide: Interacts with LRRC32/GARP; leading to regulate activation of TGF-beta-3 and promote epithelial fusion during palate development (PubMed:28912269). Latency-associated peptide: Interacts (via cell attachment site) with integrins, leading to release of the active TGF-beta-3 (By similarity). Transforming growth factor beta-3: Homodimer; disulfide-linked (By similarity). Transforming growth factor beta-3: Interacts with TGF-beta receptors (TGFBR1 and TGFBR2), leading to signal transduction (By similarity).By similarity1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

ComplexPortaliCPX-825 TGF-beta-3 complex
CPX-826 TGF-beta-3-TGFR complex
STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000003687

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP17125
SMRiP17125
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Motifi259 – 261Cell attachment siteBy similarity3

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the TGF-beta family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3900 Eukaryota
ENOG410XT8Z LUCA
HOVERGENiHBG074115
InParanoidiP17125
PhylomeDBiP17125

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.10.90.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029034 Cystine-knot_cytokine
IPR001839 TGF-b_C
IPR001111 TGF-b_propeptide
IPR016319 TGF-beta
IPR015615 TGF-beta-rel
IPR015618 TGFB3
IPR017948 TGFb_CS
PANTHERiPTHR11848 PTHR11848, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00019 TGF_beta, 1 hit
PF00688 TGFb_propeptide, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001787 TGF-beta, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01423 TGFBETA
PR01426 TGFBETA3
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00204 TGFB, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF57501 SSF57501, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00250 TGF_BETA_1, 1 hit
PS51362 TGF_BETA_2, 1 hit

Sequence (1+)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

P17125-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MHLQRALVVL ALLNLATISL SLSTCTTLDF GHIKKKRVEA IRGQILSKLR
60 70 80 90 100
LTSPPEPSVM THVPYQVLAL YNSTRELLEE MHGEREEGCT QETSESEYYA
110 120 130 140 150
KEIHKFDMIQ GLAEHNELAV CPKGITSKVF RFNVSSVEKN GTNLFRAEFR
160 170 180 190 200
VLRVPNPSSK RTEQRIELFQ ILRPDEHIAK QRYIGGKNLP TRGTAEWLSF
210 220 230 240 250
DVTDTVREWL LRRESNLGLE ISIHCPCHTF QPNGDILENV HEVMEIKFKG
260 270 280 290 300
VDNEDDHGRG DLGRLKKQKD HHNPHLILMM IPPHRLDSPG QGSQRKKRAL
310 320 330 340 350
DTNYCFRNLE ENCCVRPLYI DFRQDLGWKW VHEPKGYYAN FCSGPCPYLR
360 370 380 390 400
SADTTHSTVL GLYNTLNPEA SASPCCVPQD LEPLTILYYV GRTPKVEQLS
410
NMVVKSCKCS
Length:410
Mass (Da):46,885
Last modified:August 1, 1990 - v1
Checksum:i250F7048CA432BD6
GO

Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
Q91YU7Q91YU7_MOUSE
Transforming growth factor beta
Tgfb3 mCG_5749
412Annotation score:

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M32745 mRNA Translation: AAA40422.1
PIRiA41397
UniGeneiMm.3992

Similar proteinsi

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M32745 mRNA Translation: AAA40422.1
PIRiA41397
UniGeneiMm.3992

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP17125
SMRiP17125
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

ComplexPortaliCPX-825 TGF-beta-3 complex
CPX-826 TGF-beta-3-TGFR complex
STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000003687

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP17125
PhosphoSitePlusiP17125

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiP17125
PaxDbiP17125
PeptideAtlasiP17125
PRIDEiP17125

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Organism-specific databases

MGIiMGI:98727 Tgfb3

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3900 Eukaryota
ENOG410XT8Z LUCA
HOVERGENiHBG074115
InParanoidiP17125
PhylomeDBiP17125

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRSiTgfb3 mouse
PROiPR:P17125
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

CleanExiMM_TGFB3

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.10.90.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029034 Cystine-knot_cytokine
IPR001839 TGF-b_C
IPR001111 TGF-b_propeptide
IPR016319 TGF-beta
IPR015615 TGF-beta-rel
IPR015618 TGFB3
IPR017948 TGFb_CS
PANTHERiPTHR11848 PTHR11848, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00019 TGF_beta, 1 hit
PF00688 TGFb_propeptide, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001787 TGF-beta, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01423 TGFBETA
PR01426 TGFBETA3
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00204 TGFB, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF57501 SSF57501, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00250 TGF_BETA_1, 1 hit
PS51362 TGF_BETA_2, 1 hit
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiTGFB3_MOUSE
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P17125
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1990
Last sequence update: August 1, 1990
Last modified: November 7, 2018
This is version 159 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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