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Entry version 159 (07 Oct 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Aug 1990)
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Protein

Ferredoxin-2, chloroplastic

Gene

FD2

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Ferredoxins are iron-sulfur proteins that transfer electrons in a wide variety of metabolic reactions.

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

[2Fe-2S] clusterNote: Binds 1 [2Fe-2S] cluster.

Redox potential

E0 is -433 mV.1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi91Iron-sulfur (2Fe-2S)PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Metal bindingi96Iron-sulfur (2Fe-2S)PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Metal bindingi99Iron-sulfur (2Fe-2S)PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Metal bindingi129Iron-sulfur (2Fe-2S)PROSITE-ProRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processElectron transport, Transport
Ligand2Fe-2S, Iron, Iron-sulfur, Metal-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Ferredoxin-2, chloroplastic
Short name:
AtFd2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:FD2
Synonyms:PETF, PETF1
Ordered Locus Names:At1g60950
ORF Names:T7P1.9
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT1G60950

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:2206061, AT1G60950

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chloroplast, Plastid

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 52ChloroplastAdd BLAST52
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000000882553 – 148Ferredoxin-2, chloroplasticAdd BLAST96

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P16972

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P16972

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
230775

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in leaves. Not detected in roots.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P16972, baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P16972, AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with PGRL1A and PGRL1B.

1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">Interaction</a>' section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="https://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated at every <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/synchronization">UniProt release</a>.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
27610, 9 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P16972, 4 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT1G60950.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1148
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Small Angle Scattering Biological Data Bank

More...
SASBDBi
P16972

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P16972

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini55 – 1452Fe-2S ferredoxin-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST91

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the 2Fe2S plant-type ferredoxin family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG502RXFZ, Eukaryota

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_082632_1_1_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P16972

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K02639

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
LEVECDD

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1557921at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P16972

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00207, fer2, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.10.20.30, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036010, 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-like_sf
IPR001041, 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-type
IPR006058, 2Fe2S_fd_BS
IPR012675, Beta-grasp_dom_sf
IPR010241, Fd_pln

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00111, Fer2, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF54292, SSF54292, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR02008, fdx_plant, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00197, 2FE2S_FER_1, 1 hit
PS51085, 2FE2S_FER_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P16972-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MASTALSSAI VGTSFIRRSP APISLRSLPS ANTQSLFGLK SGTARGGRVT
60 70 80 90 100
AMATYKVKFI TPEGELEVEC DDDVYVLDAA EEAGIDLPYS CRAGSCSSCA
110 120 130 140
GKVVSGSVDQ SDQSFLDDEQ IGEGFVLTCA AYPTSDVTIE THKEEDIV
Length:148
Mass (Da):15,539
Last modified:August 1, 1990 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i0E7EF445BEB23F62
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X51370 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA35754.1
M35868 mRNA Translation: AAA32790.1
AC018908 Genomic DNA Translation: AAG51652.1
CP002684 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE33752.1
AF324706 mRNA Translation: AAG40057.1
AF326885 mRNA Translation: AAG41467.1
AF339705 mRNA Translation: AAK00387.1
AY093034 mRNA Translation: AAM13033.1
AY128936 mRNA Translation: AAM91336.1
AK226379 mRNA Translation: BAE98526.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S09979

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_176291.1, NM_104775.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT1G60950.1; AT1G60950.1; AT1G60950

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
842386

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT1G60950.1; AT1G60950.1; AT1G60950

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT1G60950

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X51370 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA35754.1
M35868 mRNA Translation: AAA32790.1
AC018908 Genomic DNA Translation: AAG51652.1
CP002684 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE33752.1
AF324706 mRNA Translation: AAG40057.1
AF326885 mRNA Translation: AAG41467.1
AF339705 mRNA Translation: AAK00387.1
AY093034 mRNA Translation: AAM13033.1
AY128936 mRNA Translation: AAM91336.1
AK226379 mRNA Translation: BAE98526.1
PIRiS09979
RefSeqiNP_176291.1, NM_104775.3

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
4ZHOX-ray2.34A/B52-145[»]
6B03X-ray2.70C/F53-145[»]
6B05X-ray1.90B/C53-145[»]
6BRSX-ray2.30C/F53-145[»]
SASBDBiP16972
SMRiP16972
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi27610, 9 interactors
IntActiP16972, 4 interactors
STRINGi3702.AT1G60950.1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP16972
PRIDEiP16972
ProteomicsDBi230775

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT1G60950.1; AT1G60950.1; AT1G60950
GeneIDi842386
GrameneiAT1G60950.1; AT1G60950.1; AT1G60950
KEGGiath:AT1G60950

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT1G60950
TAIRilocus:2206061, AT1G60950

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG502RXFZ, Eukaryota
HOGENOMiCLU_082632_1_1_1
InParanoidiP16972
KOiK02639
OMAiLEVECDD
OrthoDBi1557921at2759
PhylomeDBiP16972

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P16972

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP16972, baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP16972, AT

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00207, fer2, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.10.20.30, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036010, 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-like_sf
IPR001041, 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-type
IPR006058, 2Fe2S_fd_BS
IPR012675, Beta-grasp_dom_sf
IPR010241, Fd_pln
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00111, Fer2, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF54292, SSF54292, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02008, fdx_plant, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00197, 2FE2S_FER_1, 1 hit
PS51085, 2FE2S_FER_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFER2_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P16972
Secondary accession number(s): Q0WWH2
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1990
Last sequence update: August 1, 1990
Last modified: October 7, 2020
This is version 159 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
  2. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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