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Entry version 134 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 2 (24 May 2004)
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Protein

Tryptophan synthase alpha chain

Gene

trpA

Organism
Thermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

The alpha subunit is responsible for the aldol cleavage of indoleglycerol phosphate to indole and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-tryptophan biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 5 of the subpathway that synthesizes L-tryptophan from chorismate.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in the 5 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Anthranilate synthase component 1 (trpE)
  2. Anthranilate phosphoribosyltransferase (trpD)
  3. N-(5'-phosphoribosyl)anthranilate isomerase (trpF)
  4. Indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase (TT_C0800)
  5. Tryptophan synthase beta chain (trpB), Tryptophan synthase alpha chain (trpA)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-tryptophan biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes L-tryptophan from chorismate, the pathway L-tryptophan biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei47Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1
Active sitei58Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase
Biological processAmino-acid biosynthesis, Aromatic amino acid biosynthesis, Tryptophan biosynthesis

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
TTHE262724:G1G0N-750-MONOMER

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
4.2.1.20 2305

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00035;UER00044

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Tryptophan synthase alpha chainUniRule annotation (EC:4.2.1.20UniRule annotation)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:trpAUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:TT_C0729
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiThermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri262724 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaDeinococcus-ThermusDeinococciThermalesThermaceaeThermus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000592 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

Drug and drug target database

More...
DrugBanki
DB04272 Citric Acid
DB03171 Indole-3-Propanol Phosphate

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000988651 – 271Tryptophan synthase alpha chainAdd BLAST271

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Tetramer of two alpha and two beta chains.UniRule annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
262724.TT_C0729

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1271
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P16608

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P16608

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the TrpA family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105F6H Bacteria
COG0159 LUCA

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01695

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
DYPPEEC

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
912786at2

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd04724 Tryptophan_synthase_alpha, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.20.70, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00131 Trp_synth_alpha, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013785 Aldolase_TIM
IPR011060 RibuloseP-bd_barrel
IPR018204 Trp_synthase_alpha_AS
IPR002028 Trp_synthase_suA

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00290 Trp_syntA, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51366 SSF51366, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00262 trpA, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00167 TRP_SYNTHASE_ALPHA, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P16608-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTTLEAFAKA RSEGRAALIP YLTAGFPSRE GFLQAVEEVL PYADLLEIGL
60 70 80 90 100
PYSDPLGDGP VIQRASELAL RKGMSVQGAL ELVREVRALT EKPLFLMTYL
110 120 130 140 150
NPVLAWGPER FFGLFKQAGA TGVILPDLPP DEDPGLVRLA QEIGLETVFL
160 170 180 190 200
LAPTSTDARI ATVVRHATGF VYAVSVTGVT GMRERLPEEV KDLVRRIKAR
210 220 230 240 250
TALPVAVGFG VSGKATAAQA AVADGVVVGS ALVRALEEGR SLAPLLQEIR
260 270
QGLQRLEANP GLKESSKKPL S
Length:271
Mass (Da):28,937
Last modified:May 24, 2004 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i88A7B82187223AA5
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti171V → S in AAA27509 (PubMed:2188962).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M32108 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA27509.1
AE017221 Genomic DNA Translation: AAS81077.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
B35407

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_011173168.1, NC_005835.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAS81077; AAS81077; TT_C0729

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
tth:TT_C0729

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M32108 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA27509.1
AE017221 Genomic DNA Translation: AAS81077.1
PIRiB35407
RefSeqiWP_011173168.1, NC_005835.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1UJPX-ray1.34A1-270[»]
1WXJX-ray1.70A1-270[»]
SMRiP16608
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi262724.TT_C0729

Chemistry databases

DrugBankiDB04272 Citric Acid
DB03171 Indole-3-Propanol Phosphate

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAS81077; AAS81077; TT_C0729
KEGGitth:TT_C0729

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105F6H Bacteria
COG0159 LUCA
KOiK01695
OMAiDYPPEEC
OrthoDBi912786at2

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00035;UER00044
BioCyciTTHE262724:G1G0N-750-MONOMER
BRENDAi4.2.1.20 2305

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP16608

Family and domain databases

CDDicd04724 Tryptophan_synthase_alpha, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.20.20.70, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00131 Trp_synth_alpha, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013785 Aldolase_TIM
IPR011060 RibuloseP-bd_barrel
IPR018204 Trp_synthase_alpha_AS
IPR002028 Trp_synthase_suA
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00290 Trp_syntA, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51366 SSF51366, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00262 trpA, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00167 TRP_SYNTHASE_ALPHA, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTRPA_THET2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P16608
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1990
Last sequence update: May 24, 2004
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 134 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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