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Entry version 146 (29 Sep 2021)
Sequence version 2 (01 Nov 1990)
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Protein

Proto-oncogene c-Rel

Gene

REL

Organism
Gallus gallus (Chicken)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Proto-oncogene that may play a role in differentiation and lymphopoiesis. NF-kappa-B is a pleiotropic transcription factor which is present in almost all cell types and is involved in many biological processed such as inflammation, immunity, differentiation, cell growth, tumorigenesis and apoptosis. NF-kappa-B is a homo- or heterodimeric complex formed by the Rel-like domain-containing proteins RELA/p65, RELB, NFKB1/p105, NFKB1/p50, REL and NFKB2/p52. The dimers bind at kappa-B sites in the DNA of their target genes and the individual dimers have distinct preferences for different kappa-B sites that they can bind with distinguishable affinity and specificity. Different dimer combinations act as transcriptional activators or repressors, respectively. NF-kappa-B is controlled by various mechanisms of post-translational modification and subcellular compartmentalization as well as by interactions with other cofactors or corepressors. NF-kappa-B complexes are held in the cytoplasm in an inactive state complexed with members of the NF-kappa-B inhibitor (I-kappa-B) family. In a conventional activation pathway, I-kappa-B is phosphorylated by I-kappa-B kinases (IKKs) in response to different activators, subsequently degraded thus liberating the active NF-kappa-B complex which translocates to the nucleus. The NF-kappa-B heterodimer RELA/p65-c-Rel is a transcriptional activator (By similarity).

By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Proto-oncogene c-Rel
Alternative name(s):
p68
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:REL
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiGallus gallus (Chicken)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9031 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiArchelosauriaArchosauriaDinosauriaSaurischiaTheropodaCoelurosauriaAvesNeognathaeGalloanseraeGalliformesPhasianidaePhasianinaeGallus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000539 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Keywords - Diseasei

Proto-oncogene

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002051671 – 598Proto-oncogene c-RelAdd BLAST598

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei266Phosphoserine; by PKASequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P16236

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P16236

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P16236

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer; component of the NF-kappa-B c-Rel-c-Rel complex.

Component of the NF-KAPPA-B p65-c-Rel complex.

2 Publications

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9031.ENSGALP00000039504

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1598
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P16236

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P16236

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini7 – 296RHDPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST290

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni391 – 426DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST36

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi289 – 294Nuclear localization signalSequence analysis6

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular type of amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi391 – 421Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST31

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG502QQS6, Eukaryota

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P16236

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
916931at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P16236

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd01177, IPT_NFkappaB, 1 hit
cd07933, RHD-n_c-Rel, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.60.40.10, 1 hit
2.60.40.340, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR030505, c-Rel
IPR013783, Ig-like_fold
IPR014756, Ig_E-set
IPR002909, IPT_dom
IPR033926, IPT_NFkappaB
IPR000451, NFkB/Dor
IPR008967, p53-like_TF_DNA-bd
IPR042845, RHD-n_c-Rel
IPR030492, RHD_CS
IPR032397, RHD_dimer
IPR011539, RHD_DNA_bind_dom
IPR037059, RHD_DNA_bind_dom_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR24169, PTHR24169, 1 hit
PTHR24169:SF4, PTHR24169:SF4, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF16179, RHD_dimer, 1 hit
PF00554, RHD_DNA_bind, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00057, NFKBTNSCPFCT

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00429, IPT, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF49417, SSF49417, 1 hit
SSF81296, SSF81296, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS01204, REL_1, 1 hit
PS50254, REL_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P16236-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAGISEPYIE IFEQPRQRGM RFRYKCEGRS AGSIPGEHST DNNKTFPSIQ
60 70 80 90 100
ILNYFGKVKI RTTLVTKNEP YKPHPHDLVG KDCRDGYYEA EFGPERRVLS
110 120 130 140 150
FQNLGIQCVK KKDLKESISL RISKKINPFN VPEEQLHNID EYDLNVVRLC
160 170 180 190 200
FQAFLPDEHG NYTLALPPLI SNPIYDNRAP NTAELRICRV NKNCGSVKGG
210 220 230 240 250
DEIFILCDKV QKDDIEVRFV LDNWEAKGSF SQADVHRQVA IVFRTPPFLR
260 270 280 290 300
DITEPITVKM QLRRPSDQEV SEPMDFRYLP DEKDPYGNKA KRQRSTLAWQ
310 320 330 340 350
KLIQDCGSAV TERPKAAPIP TVNPEGKLIK KEPNMFSPTL MLPGLGTLTS
360 370 380 390 400
SSQMYPPCSQ MPHQPAQLGP GKQDTLPSCW QQLFSSSPSA SSLLSMHPHN
410 420 430 440 450
SFTAEVPQPG AQGSSSLPAF HDNPLNWPDE KDSSFYRNFG STNGMGAAMV
460 470 480 490 500
SAADMQSASS NSIVHATHQA SATAASIVNM ETNDMNCTSL NFEKYTQVLN
510 520 530 540 550
VSNHRQQLHQ APAACPPVAA PGSTPFSSQP NLADTAVYNS FLDQEVISDS
560 570 580 590
RLSTNPLQNH QNSLTLTDNQ FYDTDGVHTD ELYQSFQLDT NILQSYNH
Length:598
Mass (Da):66,847
Last modified:November 1, 1990 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i74B38AE57A8B5CD3
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti74H → L in AAA48721 (PubMed:2555689).Curated1
Sequence conflicti205I → L in AAA48721 (PubMed:2555689).Curated1
Sequence conflicti317A → T in AAA48721 (PubMed:2555689).Curated1
Sequence conflicti410G → N in AAA48721 (PubMed:2555689).Curated1

<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports information derived from mass spectrometry experiments done on the entire protein or on biologically active derived peptide(s).<p><a href='/help/mass_spectrometry' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mass spectrometryi

Molecular mass is 63513±3 Da. Determined by MALDI. 1 Publication

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X52193 mRNA Translation: CAA36439.1
M26381 mRNA Translation: AAA48721.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A34098, TVCHRL
S10893

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001161198.1, NM_001167726.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
396500

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
gga:396500

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X52193 mRNA Translation: CAA36439.1
M26381 mRNA Translation: AAA48721.1
PIRiA34098, TVCHRL
S10893
RefSeqiNP_001161198.1, NM_001167726.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1GJIX-ray2.85A/B7-281[»]
SMRiP16236
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9031.ENSGALP00000039504

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP16236

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP16236
PRIDEiP16236

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi396500
KEGGigga:396500

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
5966

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG502QQS6, Eukaryota
InParanoidiP16236
OrthoDBi916931at2759
PhylomeDBiP16236

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP16236

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P16236

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01177, IPT_NFkappaB, 1 hit
cd07933, RHD-n_c-Rel, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.60.40.10, 1 hit
2.60.40.340, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR030505, c-Rel
IPR013783, Ig-like_fold
IPR014756, Ig_E-set
IPR002909, IPT_dom
IPR033926, IPT_NFkappaB
IPR000451, NFkB/Dor
IPR008967, p53-like_TF_DNA-bd
IPR042845, RHD-n_c-Rel
IPR030492, RHD_CS
IPR032397, RHD_dimer
IPR011539, RHD_DNA_bind_dom
IPR037059, RHD_DNA_bind_dom_sf
PANTHERiPTHR24169, PTHR24169, 1 hit
PTHR24169:SF4, PTHR24169:SF4, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF16179, RHD_dimer, 1 hit
PF00554, RHD_DNA_bind, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00057, NFKBTNSCPFCT
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00429, IPT, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF49417, SSF49417, 1 hit
SSF81296, SSF81296, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01204, REL_1, 1 hit
PS50254, REL_2, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiREL_CHICK
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P16236
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 1, 1990
Last sequence update: November 1, 1990
Last modified: September 29, 2021
This is version 146 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
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