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Entry version 152 (05 Jun 2019)
Sequence version 2 (01 Dec 1992)
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Protein

Glutathione S-transferase alpha-4

Gene

Gsta4

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Conjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei9GlutathioneBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glutathione S-transferase alpha-4 (EC:2.5.1.18)
Alternative name(s):
GST 8-8
GST A4-4
GST K
Glutathione S-transferase Yk
Short name:
GST Yk
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Gsta4
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 8

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
1309970 Gsta4

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001857951 – 222Glutathione S-transferase alpha-4Add BLAST222

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei1N-acetylmethionine1 Publication1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P14942

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P14942

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P14942

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P14942

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
P14942

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000030449 Expressed in 10 organ(s), highest expression level in adult mammalian kidney

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P14942 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P14942 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
256738, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000012346

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P14942

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini3 – 83GST N-terminalAdd BLAST81
Domaini85 – 208GST C-terminalAdd BLAST124

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni54 – 55Glutathione bindingBy similarity2
Regioni67 – 68Glutathione bindingBy similarity2

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the GST superfamily. Alpha family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1695 Eukaryota
ENOG4111VAU LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000161750

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000115734

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P14942

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00799

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
HGEDFLV

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1162336at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P14942

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF105321

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR010987 Glutathione-S-Trfase_C-like
IPR036282 Glutathione-S-Trfase_C_sf
IPR040079 Glutathione_S-Trfase
IPR004045 Glutathione_S-Trfase_N
IPR003080 GST_alpha
IPR004046 GST_C
IPR036249 Thioredoxin-like_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF14497 GST_C_3, 1 hit
PF02798 GST_N, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01266 GSTRNSFRASEA

Structure-Function Linkage Database

More...
SFLDi
SFLDS00019 Glutathione_Transferase_(cytos, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47616 SSF47616, 1 hit
SSF52833 SSF52833, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50405 GST_CTER, 1 hit
PS50404 GST_NTER, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P14942-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MEVKPKLYYF QGRGRMESIR WLLATAGVEF EEEFLETREQ YEKLQKDGCL
60 70 80 90 100
LFGQVPLVEI DGMLLTQTRA ILSYLAAKYN LYGKDLKERV RIDMYADGTQ
110 120 130 140 150
DLMMMIIGAP FKAPQEKEES LALAVKRAKN RYFPVFEKIL KDHGEAFLVG
160 170 180 190 200
NQLSWADIQL LEAILMVEEV SAPVLSDFPL LQAFKTRISN IPTIKKFLQP
210 220
GSQRKPPPDG HYVDVVRTVL KF
Length:222
Mass (Da):25,510
Last modified:December 1, 1992 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iE0E42852DBA37E58
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti18S → V AA sequence (PubMed:2775231).Curated1
Sequence conflicti48G → D AA sequence (PubMed:2775231).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X62660 mRNA Translation: CAB46530.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S23433 XURT8C

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001100310.1, NM_001106840.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000012348; ENSRNOP00000012346; ENSRNOG00000030449
ENSRNOT00000090146; ENSRNOP00000075572; ENSRNOG00000030449

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
300850

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:300850

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:1309970 rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X62660 mRNA Translation: CAB46530.1
PIRiS23433 XURT8C
RefSeqiNP_001100310.1, NM_001106840.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP14942
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi256738, 1 interactor
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000012346

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP14942
PhosphoSitePlusiP14942

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP14942
PaxDbiP14942
PRIDEiP14942

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000012348; ENSRNOP00000012346; ENSRNOG00000030449
ENSRNOT00000090146; ENSRNOP00000075572; ENSRNOG00000030449
GeneIDi300850
KEGGirno:300850
UCSCiRGD:1309970 rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
2941
RGDi1309970 Gsta4

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1695 Eukaryota
ENOG4111VAU LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000161750
HOGENOMiHOG000115734
InParanoidiP14942
KOiK00799
OMAiHGEDFLV
OrthoDBi1162336at2759
PhylomeDBiP14942
TreeFamiTF105321

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P14942

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000030449 Expressed in 10 organ(s), highest expression level in adult mammalian kidney
ExpressionAtlasiP14942 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP14942 RN

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR010987 Glutathione-S-Trfase_C-like
IPR036282 Glutathione-S-Trfase_C_sf
IPR040079 Glutathione_S-Trfase
IPR004045 Glutathione_S-Trfase_N
IPR003080 GST_alpha
IPR004046 GST_C
IPR036249 Thioredoxin-like_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF14497 GST_C_3, 1 hit
PF02798 GST_N, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01266 GSTRNSFRASEA
SFLDiSFLDS00019 Glutathione_Transferase_(cytos, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47616 SSF47616, 1 hit
SSF52833 SSF52833, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50405 GST_CTER, 1 hit
PS50404 GST_NTER, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGSTA4_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P14942
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 1, 1990
Last sequence update: December 1, 1992
Last modified: June 5, 2019
This is version 152 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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