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Entry version 168 (12 Aug 2020)
Sequence version 2 (19 Jul 2003)
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Protein

Fumarate hydratase class I, anaerobic

Gene

fumB

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the reversible hydration of fumarate to (S)-malate. Functions in the generation of fumarate for use as an anaerobic electron acceptor. To a lesser extent, also displays D-tartrate dehydratase activity, but is not able to convert (R)-malate, L-tartrate or meso-tartrate. Is required for anaerobic growth on D-tartrate.4 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

[4Fe-4S] cluster1 PublicationNote: Binds 1 [4Fe-4S] cluster.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=300 µM for (S)-malate1 Publication
  2. KM=320 µM for fumarate1 Publication
  3. KM=800 µM for D-tartrate1 Publication
  1. Vmax=490 µmol/min/mg enzyme for (S)-malate dehydration1 Publication
  2. Vmax=1430 µmol/min/mg enzyme for fumarate hydration1 Publication
  3. Vmax=9.2 µmol/min/mg enzyme for D-tartrate dehydration1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi105Iron-sulfur (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi224Iron-sulfur (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi318Iron-sulfur (4Fe-4S)By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • cellular response to DNA damage stimulus Source: EcoliWiki
  • tricarboxylic acid cycle Source: EcoCyc

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase
Ligand4Fe-4S, Iron, Iron-sulfur, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
EcoCyc:FUMB-MONOMER
ECOL316407:JW4083-MONOMER
MetaCyc:FUMB-MONOMER

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
P14407

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Fumarate hydratase class I, anaerobic1 Publication (EC:4.2.1.21 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
D-tartrate dehydratase1 Publication (EC:4.2.1.811 Publication)
Fumarase B1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:fumB1 Publication
Ordered Locus Names:b4122, JW4083
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Disruption of this gene seriously impairs growth under anaerobic conditions on D-tartrate when glycerol is supplied as an electron donor (D-tartrate fermentation). Cells lacking this gene also lose most (about 79%) of D-tartrate dehydratase activity.1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001956601 – 548Fumarate hydratase class I, anaerobicAdd BLAST548

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei192N6-acetyllysine1 Publication1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P14407

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P14407

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P14407

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P14407

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Is mainly expressed during anaerobic growth. Is under the control of the Fnr transcriptional regulator.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

2 Publications

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
4262150, 11 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P14407, 6 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
511145.b4122

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P14407

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the class-I fumarase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
COG1838, Bacteria
COG1951, Bacteria

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_026758_0_0_6

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P14407

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01676

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P14407

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.130.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR004646, Fe-S_hydro-lyase_TtdA-typ_cat
IPR004647, Fe-S_hydro-lyase_TtdB-typ_cat
IPR036660, Fe-S_hydroAse_TtdB_cat_sf
IPR011167, Fe_dep_fumarate_hydratase
IPR020557, Fumarate_lyase_CS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF05681, Fumerase, 1 hit
PF05683, Fumerase_C, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF001394, Fe_dep_fumar_hy, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF117457, SSF117457, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00722, ttdA_fumA_fumB, 1 hit
TIGR00723, ttdB_fumA_fumB, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00163, FUMARATE_LYASES, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P14407-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSNKPFIYQA PFPMGKDNTE YYLLTSDYVS VADFDGETIL KVEPEALTLL
60 70 80 90 100
AQQAFHDASF MLRPAHQKQV AAILHDPEAS ENDKYVALQF LRNSEIAAKG
110 120 130 140 150
VLPTCQDTGT AIIVGKKGQR VWTGGGDEET LSKGVYNTYI EDNLRYSQNA
160 170 180 190 200
ALDMYKEVNT GTNLPAQIDL YAVDGDEYKF LCVAKGGGSA NKTYLYQETK
210 220 230 240 250
ALLTPGKLKN FLVEKMRTLG TAACPPYHIA FVIGGTSAET NLKTVKLASA
260 270 280 290 300
HYYDELPTEG NEHGQAFRDV QLEQELLEEA QKLGLGAQFG GKYFAHDIRV
310 320 330 340 350
IRLPRHGASC PVGMGVSCSA DRNIKAKINR EGIWIEKLEH NPGQYIPQEL
360 370 380 390 400
RQAGEGEAVK VDLNRPMKEI LAQLSQYPVS TRLSLTGTII VGRDIAHAKL
410 420 430 440 450
KELIDAGKEL PQYIKDHPIY YAGPAKTPAG YPSGSLGPTT AGRMDSYVDL
460 470 480 490 500
LQSHGGSMIM LAKGNRSQQV TDACHKHGGF YLGSIGGPAA VLAQQSIKHL
510 520 530 540
ECVAYPELGM EAIWKIEVED FPAFILVDDK GNDFFQQIVN KQCANCTK
Length:548
Mass (Da):60,105
Last modified:July 19, 2003 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i73685337862496B7
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti50L → V in AAA23827 (PubMed:2656658).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M27058 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA23827.1
U14003 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA97022.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC77083.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE78124.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A65222, B44511

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_418546.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000066707.1, NZ_SSZK01000018.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAC77083; AAC77083; b4122
BAE78124; BAE78124; BAE78124

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
948642

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecj:JW4083
eco:b4122

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|1411691.4.peg.2578

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M27058 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA23827.1
U14003 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA97022.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC77083.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE78124.1
PIRiA65222, B44511
RefSeqiNP_418546.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000066707.1, NZ_SSZK01000018.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP14407
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi4262150, 11 interactors
IntActiP14407, 6 interactors
STRINGi511145.b4122

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP14407

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP14407
PaxDbiP14407
PRIDEiP14407

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC77083; AAC77083; b4122
BAE78124; BAE78124; BAE78124
GeneIDi948642
KEGGiecj:JW4083
eco:b4122
PATRICifig|1411691.4.peg.2578

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

More...
EchoBASEi
EB0352

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG1838, Bacteria
COG1951, Bacteria
HOGENOMiCLU_026758_0_0_6
InParanoidiP14407
KOiK01676
PhylomeDBiP14407

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciEcoCyc:FUMB-MONOMER
ECOL316407:JW4083-MONOMER
MetaCyc:FUMB-MONOMER
SABIO-RKiP14407

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P14407

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.20.130.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR004646, Fe-S_hydro-lyase_TtdA-typ_cat
IPR004647, Fe-S_hydro-lyase_TtdB-typ_cat
IPR036660, Fe-S_hydroAse_TtdB_cat_sf
IPR011167, Fe_dep_fumarate_hydratase
IPR020557, Fumarate_lyase_CS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF05681, Fumerase, 1 hit
PF05683, Fumerase_C, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001394, Fe_dep_fumar_hy, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF117457, SSF117457, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00722, ttdA_fumA_fumB, 1 hit
TIGR00723, ttdB_fumA_fumB, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00163, FUMARATE_LYASES, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFUMB_ECOLI
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P14407
Secondary accession number(s): P78139, Q2M6I2
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 1, 1990
Last sequence update: July 19, 2003
Last modified: August 12, 2020
This is version 168 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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