Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Protein

Bone morphogenetic protein 2

Gene

BMP2

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Induces cartilage and bone formation (PubMed:3201241). Stimulates the differentiation of myoblasts into osteoblasts via the EIF2AK3-EIF2A- ATF4 pathway. BMP2 activation of EIF2AK3 stimulates phosphorylation of EIF2A which leads to increased expression of ATF4 which plays a central role in osteoblast differentiation. In addition stimulates TMEM119, which upregulates the expression of ATF4 (PubMed:24362451).2 Publications

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • BMP receptor binding Source: MGI
  • co-receptor binding Source: BHF-UCL
  • cytokine activity Source: GO_Central
  • growth factor activity Source: UniProtKB-KW
  • phosphatase activator activity Source: MGI
  • protein heterodimerization activity Source: MGI
  • retinol dehydrogenase activity Source: UniProtKB
  • signaling receptor binding Source: ProtInc
  • SMAD binding Source: BHF-UCL
  • transforming growth factor beta receptor binding Source: GO_Central

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCytokine, Developmental protein, Growth factor
Biological processChondrogenesis, Differentiation, Osteogenesis

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-HSA-201451 Signaling by BMP
R-HSA-2129379 Molecules associated with elastic fibres
R-HSA-8878166 Transcriptional regulation by RUNX2
R-HSA-8939902 Regulation of RUNX2 expression and activity

SignaLink: a signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks

More...
SignaLinki
P12643

SIGNOR Signaling Network Open Resource

More...
SIGNORi
P12643

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Bone morphogenetic protein 2
Short name:
BMP-2
Alternative name(s):
Bone morphogenetic protein 2A
Short name:
BMP-2A
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:BMP2
Synonyms:BMP2A
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 20

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000125845.6

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:1069 BMP2

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

More...
MIMi
112261 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_P12643

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section provides information on the disease(s) associated with genetic variations in a given protein. The information is extracted from the scientific literature and diseases that are also described in the <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=omim">OMIM</a> database are represented with a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/diseases">controlled vocabulary</a> in the following way:<p><a href='/help/involvement_in_disease' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Involvement in diseasei

Brachydactyly A2 (BDA2)2 Publications
The gene represented in this entry is involved in disease pathogenesis. Duplications of a cis-regulatory element located approximately 110 kb downstream of BMP2 have been found in BDA2 families. They likely cause altered BMP2 expression with pathological consequences.2 Publications
Disease descriptionA form of brachydactyly. Brachydactyly defines a group of inherited malformations characterized by shortening of the digits due to abnormal development of the phalanges and/or the metacarpals. In brachydactyly type A2 shortening of the middle phalanges is confined to the index finger and the second toe, all other digits being more or less normal. Because of a rhomboid or triangular shape of the affected middle phalanx, the end of the second finger usually deviates radially.
See also OMIM:112600
Short stature, facial dysmorphism, and skeletal anomalies with or without cardiac anomalies (SSFSC)1 Publication
The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionAn autosomal dominant disorder characterized by short stature, facial dysmorphism, skeletal anomalies, and variable cardiac defects. Distinctive facial features include midface retrusion, short upturned nose, long philtrum, high-arched or cleft palate, and variable degrees of micrognathia and dental crowding. Skeletal anomalies include patterning defects of the axial skeleton, characterized by 11 pairs of ribs and brachydactyly of the fifth ray. Congenital heart defects are variably observed and appear to involve primarily the cardiac outflow tract.
See also OMIM:617877
Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural variantiVAR_08074227 – 396Missing in SSFSC. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST370
Natural variantiVAR_080743154 – 396Missing in SSFSC. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST243
Natural variantiVAR_080744329 – 396Missing in SSFSC. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST68

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the use of a protein as a pharmaceutical drug. It indicates the name of the drug, the name of the firm that commercializes it and explains in a few words in which context the drug is used. In some cases, drugs that are under development are also described.<p><a href='/help/pharmaceutical_use' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pharmaceutical usei

Available under the name Infuse (Medtronic Sofamor Danek). Used for treating open tibial shaft fractures.

Keywords - Diseasei

Disease mutation, Dwarfism

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

More...
DisGeNETi
650

MalaCards human disease database

More...
MalaCardsi
BMP2
MIMi112600 phenotype
617877 phenotype

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000125845

Orphanet; a database dedicated to information on rare diseases and orphan drugs

More...
Orphaneti
261295 20p12.3 microdeletion syndrome
93396 Brachydactyly type A2

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA25379

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL1926496

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
BMP2

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
115068

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 23Sequence analysisAdd BLAST23
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes a propeptide, which is a part of a protein that is cleaved during maturation or activation. Once cleaved, a propeptide generally has no independent biological function.<p><a href='/help/propep' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PropeptideiPRO_000003382424 – 282Cleaved by PCSK5Add BLAST259
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_0000033825283 – 396Bone morphogenetic protein 2Add BLAST114

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei87PhosphoserineBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi135N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi163N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi164N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi200N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi296 ↔ 361
Disulfide bondi325 ↔ 393
Disulfide bondi329 ↔ 395
Glycosylationi338N-linked (GlcNAc...) (high mannose) asparagine1 Publication1
Disulfide bondi360Interchain

Keywords - PTMi

Cleavage on pair of basic residues, Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

More...
EPDi
P12643

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P12643

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
P12643

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P12643

ProteomicsDB human proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
52860

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P12643

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
P12643

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Particularly abundant in lung, spleen and colon and in low but significant levels in heart, brain, placenta, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, pancreas, prostate, ovary and small intestine.

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000125845 Expressed in 186 organ(s), highest expression level in thyroid gland

CleanEx database of gene expression profiles

More...
CleanExi
HS_BMP2

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P12643 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P12643 HS

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

More...
HPAi
CAB078457
HPA058610

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer; disulfide-linked (PubMed:10074410). Interacts with SOSTDC1 (PubMed:15020244). Interacts with GREM2, RGMA, RGMB and RGMC. Interacts with ASPN (By similarity). Interacts with MAFP5 (By similarity). Interacts with FBN1 (via N-terminal domain) and FBN2 (PubMed:18339631).By similarity3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
107118, 11 interactors

CORUM comprehensive resource of mammalian protein complexes

More...
CORUMi
P12643

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-5792N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P12643, 18 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
P12643

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000368104

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

More...
BindingDBi
P12643

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1396
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1ES7X-ray2.90A/C283-396[»]
1REUX-ray2.65A294-396[»]
1REWX-ray1.86A/B283-396[»]
2GOOX-ray2.20A/D283-396[»]
2H62X-ray1.85A/B283-396[»]
2H64X-ray1.92A283-396[»]
2QJ9X-ray2.44A/B283-396[»]
2QJAX-ray2.60A/B283-396[»]
2QJBX-ray2.50A/B283-396[»]
3BK3X-ray2.70A/B283-396[»]
3BMPX-ray2.70A283-396[»]
4MIDX-ray2.14A283-314[»]
4N1DX-ray1.91A283-305[»]
A362-396[»]
4UHYX-ray3.20A/B283-396[»]
4UHZX-ray2.85A283-396[»]
4UI0X-ray2.80A/B283-396[»]
4UI1X-ray2.35A/B283-396[»]
4UI2X-ray3.15B283-396[»]

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P12643

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P12643

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P12643

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the TGF-beta family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3900 Eukaryota
ENOG410XT8Z LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000155666

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000249478

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG004860

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P12643

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K21283

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
RWTAQGH

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
962484at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P12643

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF351789

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.10.90.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029034 Cystine-knot_cytokine
IPR001839 TGF-b_C
IPR001111 TGF-b_propeptide
IPR015615 TGF-beta-rel
IPR017948 TGFb_CS

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11848 PTHR11848, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00019 TGF_beta, 1 hit
PF00688 TGFb_propeptide, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00204 TGFB, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF57501 SSF57501, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00250 TGF_BETA_1, 1 hit
PS51362 TGF_BETA_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P12643-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVAGTRCLLA LLLPQVLLGG AAGLVPELGR RKFAAASSGR PSSQPSDEVL
60 70 80 90 100
SEFELRLLSM FGLKQRPTPS RDAVVPPYML DLYRRHSGQP GSPAPDHRLE
110 120 130 140 150
RAASRANTVR SFHHEESLEE LPETSGKTTR RFFFNLSSIP TEEFITSAEL
160 170 180 190 200
QVFREQMQDA LGNNSSFHHR INIYEIIKPA TANSKFPVTR LLDTRLVNQN
210 220 230 240 250
ASRWESFDVT PAVMRWTAQG HANHGFVVEV AHLEEKQGVS KRHVRISRSL
260 270 280 290 300
HQDEHSWSQI RPLLVTFGHD GKGHPLHKRE KRQAKHKQRK RLKSSCKRHP
310 320 330 340 350
LYVDFSDVGW NDWIVAPPGY HAFYCHGECP FPLADHLNST NHAIVQTLVN
360 370 380 390
SVNSKIPKAC CVPTELSAIS MLYLDENEKV VLKNYQDMVV EGCGCR
Length:396
Mass (Da):44,702
Last modified:October 1, 1989 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i20653A3987B25E60
GO

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural variantiVAR_08074227 – 396Missing in SSFSC. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST370
Natural variantiVAR_02006137S → A. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs2273073EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_05256877P → S. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs36105541Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_020062106A → T. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs2273074Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_080743154 – 396Missing in SSFSC. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST243
Natural variantiVAR_052569161L → S. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs34183594Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_024232190R → S. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs235768EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_080744329 – 396Missing in SSFSC. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST68
Natural variantiVAR_052570387D → G. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs11545591Ensembl.1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M22489 mRNA Translation: AAA51834.1
AF040249 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF21646.1
AL035668 Genomic DNA No translation available.

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS13099.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
B37278 BMHU2

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001191.1, NM_001200.3

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Hs.73853

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000378827; ENSP00000368104; ENSG00000125845

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
650

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:650

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc002wmu.2 human

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/cross_references_section">Cross-references</a> section provides links to various web resources that are relevant for a specific protein.<p><a href='/help/web_resource' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Web resourcesi

Wikipedia

Bone morphogenetic protein 2 entry

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M22489 mRNA Translation: AAA51834.1
AF040249 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF21646.1
AL035668 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CCDSiCCDS13099.1
PIRiB37278 BMHU2
RefSeqiNP_001191.1, NM_001200.3
UniGeneiHs.73853

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1ES7X-ray2.90A/C283-396[»]
1REUX-ray2.65A294-396[»]
1REWX-ray1.86A/B283-396[»]
2GOOX-ray2.20A/D283-396[»]
2H62X-ray1.85A/B283-396[»]
2H64X-ray1.92A283-396[»]
2QJ9X-ray2.44A/B283-396[»]
2QJAX-ray2.60A/B283-396[»]
2QJBX-ray2.50A/B283-396[»]
3BK3X-ray2.70A/B283-396[»]
3BMPX-ray2.70A283-396[»]
4MIDX-ray2.14A283-314[»]
4N1DX-ray1.91A283-305[»]
A362-396[»]
4UHYX-ray3.20A/B283-396[»]
4UHZX-ray2.85A283-396[»]
4UI0X-ray2.80A/B283-396[»]
4UI1X-ray2.35A/B283-396[»]
4UI2X-ray3.15B283-396[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP12643
SMRiP12643
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi107118, 11 interactors
CORUMiP12643
DIPiDIP-5792N
IntActiP12643, 18 interactors
MINTiP12643
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000368104

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiP12643
ChEMBLiCHEMBL1926496

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP12643
PhosphoSitePlusiP12643

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiBMP2
DMDMi115068

Proteomic databases

EPDiP12643
PaxDbiP12643
PeptideAtlasiP12643
PRIDEiP12643
ProteomicsDBi52860

Protocols and materials databases

The DNASU plasmid repository

More...
DNASUi
650
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000378827; ENSP00000368104; ENSG00000125845
GeneIDi650
KEGGihsa:650
UCSCiuc002wmu.2 human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
650
DisGeNETi650
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000125845.6

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
BMP2
HGNCiHGNC:1069 BMP2
HPAiCAB078457
HPA058610
MalaCardsiBMP2
MIMi112261 gene
112600 phenotype
617877 phenotype
neXtProtiNX_P12643
OpenTargetsiENSG00000125845
Orphaneti261295 20p12.3 microdeletion syndrome
93396 Brachydactyly type A2
PharmGKBiPA25379

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3900 Eukaryota
ENOG410XT8Z LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000155666
HOGENOMiHOG000249478
HOVERGENiHBG004860
InParanoidiP12643
KOiK21283
OMAiRWTAQGH
OrthoDBi962484at2759
PhylomeDBiP12643
TreeFamiTF351789

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-201451 Signaling by BMP
R-HSA-2129379 Molecules associated with elastic fibres
R-HSA-8878166 Transcriptional regulation by RUNX2
R-HSA-8939902 Regulation of RUNX2 expression and activity
SignaLinkiP12643
SIGNORiP12643

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
BMP2 human
EvolutionaryTraceiP12643

The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

More...
GeneWikii
Bone_morphogenetic_protein_2

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
650

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P12643

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000125845 Expressed in 186 organ(s), highest expression level in thyroid gland
CleanExiHS_BMP2
ExpressionAtlasiP12643 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP12643 HS

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.10.90.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029034 Cystine-knot_cytokine
IPR001839 TGF-b_C
IPR001111 TGF-b_propeptide
IPR015615 TGF-beta-rel
IPR017948 TGFb_CS
PANTHERiPTHR11848 PTHR11848, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00019 TGF_beta, 1 hit
PF00688 TGFb_propeptide, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00204 TGFB, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF57501 SSF57501, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00250 TGF_BETA_1, 1 hit
PS51362 TGF_BETA_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiBMP2_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P12643
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1989
Last sequence update: October 1, 1989
Last modified: January 16, 2019
This is version 214 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Pharmaceutical, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  5. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  6. Human chromosome 20
    Human chromosome 20: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again