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Entry version 162 (03 Jul 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 1989)
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Protein

Protein brown

Gene

bw

Organism
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Part of a membrane-spanning permease system necessary for the transport of pigment precursors into pigment cells responsible for eye color. Brown and white dimerize for the transport of guanine.

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi66 – 73ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation8

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processTransport
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding, Pigment

Protein family/group databases

Transport Classification Database

More...
TCDBi
3.A.1.204.18 the atp-binding cassette (abc) superfamily

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Protein brown
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:bw
ORF Names:CG17632
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDrosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri7227 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaEcdysozoaArthropodaHexapodaInsectaPterygotaNeopteraHolometabolaDipteraBrachyceraMuscomorphaEphydroideaDrosophilidaeDrosophilaSophophora
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000803 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2R

Organism-specific databases

Drosophila genome database

More...
FlyBasei
FBgn0000241 bw

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei423 – 441HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST19
Transmembranei454 – 474HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei504 – 522HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST19
Transmembranei531 – 552HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST22
Transmembranei565 – 583HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST19
Transmembranei645 – 665HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000933751 – 675Protein brownAdd BLAST675

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P12428

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P12428

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
FBgn0000241 Expressed in 18 organ(s), highest expression level in Malpighian tubule

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P12428 differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P12428 DM

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterodimer of brown with white.

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
63324, 38 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-387N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P12428, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
7227.FBpp0072026

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini34 – 261ABC transporterPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST228

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0061 Eukaryota
COG1131 LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P12428

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1022017at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P12428

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR003593 AAA+_ATPase
IPR013525 ABC_2_trans
IPR003439 ABC_transporter-like
IPR017871 ABC_transporter_CS
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase
IPR005284 Pigment_permease/Abcg

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01061 ABC2_membrane, 1 hit
PF00005 ABC_tran, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00382 AAA, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00955 3a01204, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00211 ABC_TRANSPORTER_1, 1 hit
PS50893 ABC_TRANSPORTER_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

P12428-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQESGGSSGQ GGPSLCLEWK QLNYYVPDQE QSNYSFWNEC RKKRELRILQ
60 70 80 90 100
DASGHMKTGD LIAILGGSGA GKTTLLAAIS QRLRGNLTGD VVLNGMAMER
110 120 130 140 150
HQMTRISSFL PQFEINVKTF TAYEHLYFMS HFKMHRRTTK AEKRQRVADL
160 170 180 190 200
LLAVGLRDAA HTRIQQLSGG ERKRLSLAEE LITDPIFLFC DEPTTGLDSF
210 220 230 240 250
SAYSVIKTLR HLCTRRRIAK HSLNQVYGED SFETPSGESS ASGSGSKSIE
260 270 280 290 300
MEVVAESHES LLQTMRELPA LGVLSNSPNG THKKAAICSI HQPTSDIFEL
310 320 330 340 350
FTHIILMDGG RIVYQGRTEQ AAKFFTDLGY ELPLNCNPAD FYLKTLADKE
360 370 380 390 400
GKENAGAVLR AKYEHETDGL YSGSWLLARS YSGDYLKHVQ NFKKIRWIYQ
410 420 430 440 450
VYLLMVRFMT EDLRNIRSGL IAFGFFMITA VTLSLMYSGI GGLTQRTVQD
460 470 480 490 500
VGGSIFMLSN EMIFTFSYGV TYIFPAALPI IRREVGEGTY SLSAYYVALV
510 520 530 540 550
LSFVPVAFFK GYVFLSVIYA SIYYTRGFLL YLSMGFLMSL SAVAAVGYGV
560 570 580 590 600
FLSSLFESDK MASECAAPFD LIFLIFGGTY MNVDTVPGLK YLSLFFYSNE
610 620 630 640 650
ALMYKFWIDI DNIDCPVNED HPCIKTGVEV LQQGSYRNAD YTYWLDCFSL
660 670
VVVAVIFHIV SFGLVRRYIH RSGYY
Length:675
Mass (Da):75,943
Last modified:October 1, 1989 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i81DEBDF856F4F174
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A0B4LHB3A0A0B4LHB3_DROME
Brown, isoform D
bw Dmel\CG17632, Pm, ptm, Su(w[co2]), Su(w[coJ])
675Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAM50157 differs from that shown. Probable cloning artifact.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti28D → A in AAC37214 (PubMed:7956072).Curated1
Sequence conflicti28D → A in AAA28398 (PubMed:7753025).Curated1
Sequence conflicti28D → A in AAM50157 (PubMed:12537569).Curated1
Sequence conflicti44R → P in AAA28398 (PubMed:7753025).Curated1
Sequence conflicti274L → I in AAC37214 (PubMed:7956072).Curated1
Sequence conflicti274L → I in AAA28398 (PubMed:7753025).Curated1
Sequence conflicti331E → Q in AAC37214 (PubMed:7956072).Curated1
Sequence conflicti407R → P in AAC37214 (PubMed:7956072).Curated1
Sequence conflicti638N → T in AAC37214 (PubMed:7956072).Curated1
Sequence conflicti638N → T in AAA28398 (PubMed:7753025).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M20630 mRNA Translation: AAA28397.1
L23543 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC37214.1
L05635 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA28398.1
AE013599 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF47020.3
AY119503 mRNA Translation: AAM50157.1 Sequence problems.

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A31399 FYFFB

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001286769.1, NM_001299840.1
NP_523824.1, NM_079100.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl metazoan genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblMetazoai
FBtr0072117; FBpp0072026; FBgn0000241
FBtr0346612; FBpp0312192; FBgn0000241

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
37724

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
dme:Dmel_CG17632

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M20630 mRNA Translation: AAA28397.1
L23543 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC37214.1
L05635 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA28398.1
AE013599 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF47020.3
AY119503 mRNA Translation: AAM50157.1 Sequence problems.
PIRiA31399 FYFFB
RefSeqiNP_001286769.1, NM_001299840.1
NP_523824.1, NM_079100.3

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi63324, 38 interactors
DIPiDIP-387N
IntActiP12428, 1 interactor
STRINGi7227.FBpp0072026

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi3.A.1.204.18 the atp-binding cassette (abc) superfamily

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP12428
PRIDEiP12428

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblMetazoaiFBtr0072117; FBpp0072026; FBgn0000241
FBtr0346612; FBpp0312192; FBgn0000241
GeneIDi37724
KEGGidme:Dmel_CG17632

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
37724
FlyBaseiFBgn0000241 bw

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0061 Eukaryota
COG1131 LUCA
InParanoidiP12428
OrthoDBi1022017at2759
PhylomeDBiP12428

Miscellaneous databases

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
37724

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P12428

Gene expression databases

BgeeiFBgn0000241 Expressed in 18 organ(s), highest expression level in Malpighian tubule
ExpressionAtlasiP12428 differential
GenevisibleiP12428 DM

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR003593 AAA+_ATPase
IPR013525 ABC_2_trans
IPR003439 ABC_transporter-like
IPR017871 ABC_transporter_CS
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase
IPR005284 Pigment_permease/Abcg
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01061 ABC2_membrane, 1 hit
PF00005 ABC_tran, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00382 AAA, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00955 3a01204, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00211 ABC_TRANSPORTER_1, 1 hit
PS50893 ABC_TRANSPORTER_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiBROWN_DROME
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P12428
Secondary accession number(s): Q24264
, Q7KVI1, Q7KVI2, Q8MRN9, Q9W1N7
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1989
Last sequence update: October 1, 1989
Last modified: July 3, 2019
This is version 162 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programDrosophila annotation project

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Drosophila
    Drosophila: entries, gene names and cross-references to FlyBase
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