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Protein

Aldehyde dehydrogenase, dimeric NADP-preferring

Gene

Aldh3a1

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

ALDHs play a major role in the detoxification of alcohol-derived acetaldehyde (Probable). They are involved in the metabolism of corticosteroids, biogenic amines, neurotransmitters, and lipid peroxidation (Probable). Oxidizes medium and long chain aldehydes into non-toxic fatty acids (PubMed:2831537). Preferentially oxidizes aromatic aldehyde substrates (PubMed:2831537). Comprises about 50 percent of corneal epithelial soluble proteins (By similarity). May play a role in preventing corneal damage caused by ultraviolet light (By similarity).By similarityCurated1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei210By similarity1
Active sitei244By similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi188 – 193NAD or NADPBy similarity6

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
LigandNAD, NADP

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-211945 Phase I - Functionalization of compounds

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
P11883

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Aldehyde dehydrogenase, dimeric NADP-preferring (EC:1.2.1.51 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 3 member A1
HTC-ALDH
Tumor-associated aldehyde dehydrogenase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Aldh3a1
Synonyms:Aldd, Aldh3
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 10

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
2088 Aldh3a1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000564722 – 453Aldehyde dehydrogenase, dimeric NADP-preferringAdd BLAST452

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei2N-acetylserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei178N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei194N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P11883

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P11883

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

This protein can be induced by a number of chemical carcinogens during rat hepatocarcinogenesis.

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000002331 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in heart

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P11883 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
P11883, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000003182

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1453
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

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ProteinModelPortali
P11883

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P11883

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P11883

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2456 Eukaryota
COG1012 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000162101

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000271515

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG050483

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P11883

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00129

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
LHKNEWT

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G05HC

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

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PhylomeDBi
P11883

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF314264

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.309.10, 1 hit
3.40.605.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR016161 Ald_DH/histidinol_DH
IPR016163 Ald_DH_C
IPR016160 Ald_DH_CS_CYS
IPR029510 Ald_DH_CS_GLU
IPR016162 Ald_DH_N
IPR015590 Aldehyde_DH_dom
IPR012394 Aldehyde_DH_NAD(P)

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00171 Aldedh, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF036492 ALDH, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53720 SSF53720, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00070 ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_CYS, 1 hit
PS00687 ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_GLU, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P11883-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSSISDTVKR AREAFNSGKT RSLQFRIQQL EALQRMINEN LKSISGALAS
60 70 80 90 100
DLGKNEWTSY YEEVAHVLEE LDTTIKELPD WAEDEPVAKT RQTQQDDLYI
110 120 130 140 150
HSEPLGVVLV IGAWNYPFNL TIQPMVGAVA AGNAVILKPS EVSGHMADLL
160 170 180 190 200
ATLIPQYMDQ NLYLVVKGGV PETTELLKER FDHIMYTGST AVGKIVMAAA
210 220 230 240 250
AKHLTPVTLE LGGKSPCYVD KDCDLDVACR RIAWGKFMNS GQTCVAPDYI
260 270 280 290 300
LCDPSIQNQI VEKLKKSLKD FYGEDAKQSR DYGRIINDRH FQRVKGLIDN
310 320 330 340 350
QKVAHGGTWD QSSRYIAPTI LVDVDPQSPV MQEEIFGPVM PIVCVRSLEE
360 370 380 390 400
AIQFINQREK PLALYVFSNN EKVIKKMIAE TSSGGVTAND VIVHITVPTL
410 420 430 440 450
PFGGVGNSGM GAYHGKKSFE TFSHRRSCLV KSLLNEEAHK ARYPPSPAKM

PRH
Length:453
Mass (Da):50,339
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i15C501BAB4F9845A
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
J03637 mRNA Translation: AAA40713.1
BC070924 mRNA Translation: AAH70924.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A30149

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_114178.1, NM_031972.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Rn.105627

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000003182; ENSRNOP00000003182; ENSRNOG00000002331

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
25375

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:25375

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:2088 rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
J03637 mRNA Translation: AAA40713.1
BC070924 mRNA Translation: AAH70924.1
PIRiA30149
RefSeqiNP_114178.1, NM_031972.1
UniGeneiRn.105627

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1AD3X-ray2.60A/B3-453[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP11883
SMRiP11883
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiP11883, 1 interactor
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000003182

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP11883
PRIDEiP11883

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000003182; ENSRNOP00000003182; ENSRNOG00000002331
GeneIDi25375
KEGGirno:25375
UCSCiRGD:2088 rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
218
RGDi2088 Aldh3a1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2456 Eukaryota
COG1012 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000162101
HOGENOMiHOG000271515
HOVERGENiHBG050483
InParanoidiP11883
KOiK00129
OMAiLHKNEWT
OrthoDBiEOG091G05HC
PhylomeDBiP11883
TreeFamiTF314264

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-211945 Phase I - Functionalization of compounds
SABIO-RKiP11883

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP11883

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P11883

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000002331 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in heart
GenevisibleiP11883 RN

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.309.10, 1 hit
3.40.605.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR016161 Ald_DH/histidinol_DH
IPR016163 Ald_DH_C
IPR016160 Ald_DH_CS_CYS
IPR029510 Ald_DH_CS_GLU
IPR016162 Ald_DH_N
IPR015590 Aldehyde_DH_dom
IPR012394 Aldehyde_DH_NAD(P)
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00171 Aldedh, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF036492 ALDH, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53720 SSF53720, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00070 ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_CYS, 1 hit
PS00687 ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_GLU, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiAL3A1_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P11883
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1989
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 162 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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