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Entry version 164 (16 Jan 2019)
Sequence version 2 (01 Aug 1990)
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Protein

Steroid 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyase

Gene

Cyp17a1

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Conversion of pregnenolone and progesterone to their 17-alpha-hydroxylated products and subsequently to dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and androstenedione. Catalyzes both the 17-alpha-hydroxylation and the 17,20-lyase reaction. Involved in sexual development during fetal life and at puberty.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

  • A C(21)-steroid + [reduced NADPH--hemoprotein reductase] + O(2) = a 17-alpha-hydroxy-C(21)-steroid + [oxidized NADPH--hemoprotein reductase] + H(2)O.By similarity EC:1.14.14.19

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

hemeBy similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Regulated predominantly by intracellular cAMP levels.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: steroid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway steroid biosynthesis, which is part of Lipid metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway steroid biosynthesis and in Lipid metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi441Iron (heme axial ligand)By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase, Monooxygenase, Oxidoreductase
Biological processSteroidogenesis
LigandHeme, Iron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00062

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Steroid 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyase (EC:1.14.14.19By similarity, EC:1.14.14.32By similarity)
Alternative name(s):
17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone aldolase
CYPXVII
Cytochrome P450 17A1
Cytochrome P450-C17
Short name:
Cytochrome P450c17
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Cyp17a1
Synonyms:Cyp17
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
2456 Cyp17a1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL4430

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000519411 – 507Steroid 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyaseAdd BLAST507

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P11715

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P11715

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P11715

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
P11715

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000027160

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

More...
BindingDBi
P11715

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P11715

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P11715

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the cytochrome P450 family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0156 Eukaryota
COG2124 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000036991

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG106944

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P11715

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00512

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
702827at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P11715

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF105095

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.630.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001128 Cyt_P450
IPR017972 Cyt_P450_CS
IPR002401 Cyt_P450_E_grp-I
IPR036396 Cyt_P450_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00067 p450, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00463 EP450I
PR00385 P450

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48264 SSF48264, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00086 CYTOCHROME_P450, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

P11715-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MWELVGLLLL ILAYFFWVKS KTPGAKLPRS LPSLPLVGSL PFLPRRGHMH
60 70 80 90 100
VNFFKLQEKY GPIYSLRLGT TTTVIIGHYQ LAREVLIKKG KEFSGRPQMV
110 120 130 140 150
TQSLLSDQGK GVAFADAGSS WHLHRKLVFS TFSLFKDGQK LEKLICQEAK
160 170 180 190 200
SLCDMMLAHD KESIDLSTPI FMSVTNIICA ICFNISYEKN DPKLTAIKTF
210 220 230 240 250
TEGIVDATGD RNLVDIFPWL TIFPNKGLEV IKGYAKVRNE VLTGIFEKCR
260 270 280 290 300
EKFDSQSISS LTDILIQAKM NSDNNNSCEG RDPDVFSDRH ILATVGDIFG
310 320 330 340 350
AGIETTTTVL KWILAFLVHN PEVKKKIQKE IDQYVGFSRT PTFNDRSHLL
360 370 380 390 400
MLEATIREVL RIRPVAPMLI PHKANVDSSI GEFTVPKDTH VVVNLWALHH
410 420 430 440 450
DENEWDQPDQ FMPERFLDPT GSHLITPTQS YLPFGAGPRS CIGEALARQE
460 470 480 490 500
LFVFTALLLQ RFDLDVSDDK QLPRLEGDPK VVFLIDPFKV KITVRQAWMD

AQAEVST
Length:507
Mass (Da):57,250
Last modified:August 1, 1990 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA535600F7E6A399B
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A0G2JSR8A0A0G2JSR8_RAT
Cytochrome P450, family 17, subfami...
Cyp17a1 rCG_57693
507Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti190N → K in AAH78898 (PubMed:15489334).Curated1
Sequence conflicti505 – 506VS → LT in AAA41050 (PubMed:3260774).Curated2

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X14086 mRNA Translation: CAA32248.1
X69816 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA49470.1
M31681 mRNA Translation: AAA41777.1
M22204 mRNA Translation: AAA41783.1
BC078898 mRNA Translation: AAH78898.1
Z11902 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA77954.1
M21208 mRNA Translation: AAA41050.1
M27282 mRNA Translation: AAA41779.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A31359 A30828

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_036885.1, NM_012753.2
XP_006231496.1, XM_006231434.3
XP_006231497.1, XM_006231435.3

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Rn.10172

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
25146

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:25146

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:2456 rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X14086 mRNA Translation: CAA32248.1
X69816 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA49470.1
M31681 mRNA Translation: AAA41777.1
M22204 mRNA Translation: AAA41783.1
BC078898 mRNA Translation: AAH78898.1
Z11902 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA77954.1
M21208 mRNA Translation: AAA41050.1
M27282 mRNA Translation: AAA41779.1
PIRiA31359 A30828
RefSeqiNP_036885.1, NM_012753.2
XP_006231496.1, XM_006231434.3
XP_006231497.1, XM_006231435.3
UniGeneiRn.10172

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP11715
SMRiP11715
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000027160

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiP11715
ChEMBLiCHEMBL4430

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP11715
PhosphoSitePlusiP11715

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP11715
PRIDEiP11715

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi25146
KEGGirno:25146
UCSCiRGD:2456 rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
1586
RGDi2456 Cyp17a1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0156 Eukaryota
COG2124 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000036991
HOVERGENiHBG106944
InParanoidiP11715
KOiK00512
OrthoDBi702827at2759
PhylomeDBiP11715
TreeFamiTF105095

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00062

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P11715

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.630.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001128 Cyt_P450
IPR017972 Cyt_P450_CS
IPR002401 Cyt_P450_E_grp-I
IPR036396 Cyt_P450_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00067 p450, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00463 EP450I
PR00385 P450
SUPFAMiSSF48264 SSF48264, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00086 CYTOCHROME_P450, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCP17A_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P11715
Secondary accession number(s): Q68FY2, Q6LAE5
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1989
Last sequence update: August 1, 1990
Last modified: January 16, 2019
This is version 164 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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