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Protein

Mandelate racemase

Gene

mdlA

Organism
Pseudomonas putida (Arthrobacter siderocapsulatus)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+3 PublicationsNote: Divalent metal ions. Magnesium seems to be the preferred ion.3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: (R)-mandelate degradation

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes benzoate from (R)-mandelate.Curated
Proteins known to be involved in the 4 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Mandelate racemase (mdlA)
  2. (S)-mandelate dehydrogenase (mdlB)
  3. Benzoylformate decarboxylase (mdlC)
  4. NAD(P)-dependent benzaldehyde dehydrogenase (mdlD)
This subpathway is part of the pathway (R)-mandelate degradation, which is itself part of Aromatic compound metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes benzoate from (R)-mandelate, the pathway (R)-mandelate degradation and in Aromatic compound metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei166Proton acceptor; specific for S-mandelate1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi195Magnesium1 Publication2 Publications1
Metal bindingi221Magnesium1 Publication2 Publications1
Metal bindingi247Magnesium1 Publication2 Publications1
Active sitei297Proton acceptor; specific for R-mandelate1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei317Substrate1 Publication2 Publications1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIsomerase
Biological processMandelate pathway
LigandMagnesium, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

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BioCyci
MetaCyc:MONOMER-2421

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
5.1.2.2 5092

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00873;UER00852

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Mandelate racemase (EC:5.1.2.23 Publications)
Short name:
MR
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:mdlA
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPseudomonas putida (Arthrobacter siderocapsulatus)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri303 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaPseudomonadalesPseudomonadaceaePseudomonas

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi166K → A, M or Q: Loss of activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi297H → N: Loss of activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi317E → Q: Reduces activity 10000-fold. 1 Publication1

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL4739

Drug and drug target database

More...
DrugBanki
DB02280 (R)-Mandelic Acid
DB03357 (S)-Mandelic Acid
DB07381 S-Atrolactic Acid

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001712471 – 359Mandelate racemaseAdd BLAST359

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homooctamer.1 Publication

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

More...
BindingDBi
P11444

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1359
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

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ProteinModelPortali
P11444

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P11444

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P11444

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.20.120, 1 hit
3.30.390.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036849 Enolase-like_C_sf
IPR029017 Enolase-like_N
IPR029065 Enolase_C-like
IPR018110 Mandel_Rmase/mucon_lact_enz_CS
IPR015654 Mandelate_racemase
IPR013342 Mandelate_racemase_C
IPR013341 Mandelate_racemase_N_dom

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF13378 MR_MLE_C, 1 hit
PF02746 MR_MLE_N, 1 hit

Structure-Function Linkage Database

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SFLDi
SFLDF00004 mandelate_racemase, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00922 MR_MLE, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

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SUPFAMi
SSF51604 SSF51604, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00908 MR_MLE_1, 1 hit
PS00909 MR_MLE_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P11444-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSEVLITGLR TRAVNVPLAY PVHTAVGTVG TAPLVLIDLA TSAGVVGHSY
60 70 80 90 100
LFAYTPVALK SLKQLLDDMA AMIVNEPLAP VSLEAMLAKR FCLAGYTGLI
110 120 130 140 150
RMAAAGIDMA AWDALGKVHE TPLVKLLGAN ARPVQAYDSH SLDGVKLATE
160 170 180 190 200
RAVTAAELGF RAVKTKIGYP ALDQDLAVVR SIRQAVGDDF GIMVDYNQSL
210 220 230 240 250
DVPAAIKRSQ ALQQEGVTWI EEPTLQHDYE GHQRIQSKLN VPVQMGENWL
260 270 280 290 300
GPEEMFKALS IGACRLAMPD AMKIGGVTGW IRASALAQQF GIPMSSHLFQ
310 320 330 340 350
EISAHLLAAT PTAHWLERLD LAGSVIEPTL TFEGGNAVIP DLPGVGIIWR

EKEIGKYLV
Length:359
Mass (Da):38,565
Last modified:October 1, 1989 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i1C105BCA021F4028
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M19043 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA25887.1
AY143338 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC15504.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

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PIRi
A28700

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
WP_016501748.1, NZ_UGUX01000003.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M19043 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA25887.1
AY143338 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC15504.1
PIRiA28700
RefSeqiWP_016501748.1, NZ_UGUX01000003.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1DTNX-ray2.10A1-359[»]
1MDLX-ray1.85A1-359[»]
1MDRX-ray2.10A1-359[»]
1MNSX-ray2.00A3-359[»]
1MRAX-ray2.10A1-359[»]
2MNRX-ray1.90A3-359[»]
3UXKX-ray2.20A/B/C/D1-359[»]
3UXLX-ray2.20A/B/C/D1-359[»]
4FP1X-ray1.68A/B1-359[»]
4HNCX-ray1.89A/B1-359[»]
4M6UX-ray1.80A/B1-359[»]
4X2PX-ray1.65A1-359[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP11444
SMRiP11444
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiP11444
ChEMBLiCHEMBL4739
DrugBankiDB02280 (R)-Mandelic Acid
DB03357 (S)-Mandelic Acid
DB07381 S-Atrolactic Acid

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00873;UER00852

BioCyciMetaCyc:MONOMER-2421
BRENDAi5.1.2.2 5092

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP11444

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.20.20.120, 1 hit
3.30.390.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036849 Enolase-like_C_sf
IPR029017 Enolase-like_N
IPR029065 Enolase_C-like
IPR018110 Mandel_Rmase/mucon_lact_enz_CS
IPR015654 Mandelate_racemase
IPR013342 Mandelate_racemase_C
IPR013341 Mandelate_racemase_N_dom
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF13378 MR_MLE_C, 1 hit
PF02746 MR_MLE_N, 1 hit
SFLDiSFLDF00004 mandelate_racemase, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00922 MR_MLE, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51604 SSF51604, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00908 MR_MLE_1, 1 hit
PS00909 MR_MLE_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiMANR_PSEPU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P11444
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1989
Last sequence update: October 1, 1989
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 115 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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