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Protein

Respiratory nitrate reductase 1 gamma chain

Gene

narI

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

The nitrate reductase enzyme complex allows E.coli to use nitrate as an electron acceptor during anaerobic growth. The gamma chain is a membrane-embedded heme-iron unit resembling cytochrome b, which transfers electrons from quinones to the beta subunit.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

heme1 PublicationNote: Binds 2 heme groups per subunit. Heme 1, called the proximal or heme Bp in PubMed:12910261, is located at the cytoplasmic interface, heme 2, called the distal or heme Bd, is located at the periplasmic interface. Electrons are transferred from the periplasmic to the cytoplasmic heme.1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi56Iron (heme B 1 axial ligand)1 Publication1
Metal bindingi66Iron (heme B 2 axial ligand)1 Publication1
Metal bindingi187Iron (heme B 2 axial ligand)1 Publication1
Metal bindingi205Iron (heme B 1 axial ligand)1 Publication1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • anaerobic electron transport chain Source: GO_Central
  • anaerobic respiration Source: EcoCyc
  • nitrate assimilation Source: UniProtKB-KW

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processElectron transport, Nitrate assimilation, Transport
LigandHeme, Iron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
EcoCyc:NARI-MONOMER
MetaCyc:NARI-MONOMER

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
1.7.5.1 2026

Protein family/group databases

Transport Classification Database

More...
TCDBi
5.A.3.1.1 the prokaryotic molybdopterin-containing oxidoreductase (pmo) family

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Respiratory nitrate reductase 1 gamma chain (EC:1.7.5.1)
Alternative name(s):
Cytochrome B-NR
Nitrate reductase A subunit gamma
Quinol-nitrate oxidoreductase subunit gamma
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:narI
Synonyms:chlI
Ordered Locus Names:b1227, JW1218
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

Organism-specific databases

Escherichia coli strain K12 genome database

More...
EcoGenei
EG10640 narI

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 3Periplasmic1 Publication3
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei4 – 29Helical; Name=1Add BLAST26
Topological domaini30 – 47Cytoplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST18
Transmembranei48 – 70Helical; Name=2Add BLAST23
Topological domaini71 – 82Periplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST12
Transmembranei83 – 112Helical; Name=3Add BLAST30
Topological domaini113 – 124Cytoplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST12
Transmembranei125 – 148Helical; Name=4Add BLAST24
Topological domaini149 – 182Periplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST34
Transmembranei183 – 198Helical; Name=5Add BLAST16
Topological domaini199 – 225Cytoplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST27

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell inner membrane, Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

Drug and drug target database

More...
DrugBanki
DB04464 N-Formylmethionine

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000967231 – 225Respiratory nitrate reductase 1 gamma chainAdd BLAST225

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei1N-formylmethionine1 Publication1

Keywords - PTMi

Formylation

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P11350

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P11350

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P11350

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By nitrate.

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Dimer of heterotrimers each composed of an alpha, a beta and a gamma chain. Alpha and beta are catalytic chains; gamma chains are involved in binding the enzyme complex to the cytoplasmic membrane.1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
4262233, 13 interactors

ComplexPortal: manually curated resource of macromolecular complexes

More...
ComplexPortali
CPX-1974 Nitrate reductase A complex

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-10313N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P11350, 2 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
316385.ECDH10B_1286

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1225
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1Q16X-ray1.90C1-225[»]
1SIWX-ray2.20C1-225[»]
1Y4ZX-ray2.00C1-225[»]
1Y5IX-ray1.90C1-225[»]
1Y5LX-ray2.50C1-225[»]
1Y5NX-ray2.50C1-225[»]
3EGWX-ray1.90C1-225[»]
3IR5X-ray2.30C1-225[»]
3IR6X-ray2.80C1-225[»]
3IR7X-ray2.50C1-225[»]

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P11350

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P11350

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P11350

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG41076YT Bacteria
COG2181 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000237376

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P11350

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00374

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P11350

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR023234 NarG-like_domain
IPR036197 NarG-like_sf
IPR003816 Nitrate_red_gam

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02665 Nitrate_red_gam, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF103501 SSF103501, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00351 narI, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P11350-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQFLNMFFFD IYPYIAGAVF LIGSWLRYDY GQYTWRAASS QMLDRKGMNL
60 70 80 90 100
ASNLFHIGIL GIFVGHFFGM LTPHWMYEAW LPIEVKQKMA MFAGGASGVL
110 120 130 140 150
CLIGGVLLLK RRLFSPRVRA TTTGADILIL SLLVIQCALG LLTIPFSAQH
160 170 180 190 200
MDGSEMMKLV GWAQSVVTFH GGASQHLDGV AFIFRLHLVL GMTLFLLFPF
210 220
SRLIHIWSVP VEYLTRKYQL VRARH
Length:225
Mass (Da):25,497
Last modified:July 1, 1989 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA0D7989D00D05B72
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M20147 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA24197.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC74311.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA36097.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
C27737 RDECNG

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_415745.1, NC_000913.3
WP_001160108.1, NZ_LN832404.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAC74311; AAC74311; b1227
BAA36097; BAA36097; BAA36097

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
945808

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecj:JW1218
eco:b1227

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|1411691.4.peg.1054

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/cross_references_section">Cross-references</a> section provides links to various web resources that are relevant for a specific protein.<p><a href='/help/web_resource' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Web resourcesi

Worthington enzyme manual

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M20147 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA24197.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC74311.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA36097.1
PIRiC27737 RDECNG
RefSeqiNP_415745.1, NC_000913.3
WP_001160108.1, NZ_LN832404.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1Q16X-ray1.90C1-225[»]
1SIWX-ray2.20C1-225[»]
1Y4ZX-ray2.00C1-225[»]
1Y5IX-ray1.90C1-225[»]
1Y5LX-ray2.50C1-225[»]
1Y5NX-ray2.50C1-225[»]
3EGWX-ray1.90C1-225[»]
3IR5X-ray2.30C1-225[»]
3IR6X-ray2.80C1-225[»]
3IR7X-ray2.50C1-225[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP11350
SMRiP11350
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi4262233, 13 interactors
ComplexPortaliCPX-1974 Nitrate reductase A complex
DIPiDIP-10313N
IntActiP11350, 2 interactors
STRINGi316385.ECDH10B_1286

Chemistry databases

DrugBankiDB04464 N-Formylmethionine

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi5.A.3.1.1 the prokaryotic molybdopterin-containing oxidoreductase (pmo) family

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP11350
PaxDbiP11350
PRIDEiP11350

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC74311; AAC74311; b1227
BAA36097; BAA36097; BAA36097
GeneIDi945808
KEGGiecj:JW1218
eco:b1227
PATRICifig|1411691.4.peg.1054

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

More...
EchoBASEi
EB0634
EcoGeneiEG10640 narI

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG41076YT Bacteria
COG2181 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000237376
InParanoidiP11350
KOiK00374
PhylomeDBiP11350

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciEcoCyc:NARI-MONOMER
MetaCyc:NARI-MONOMER
BRENDAi1.7.5.1 2026

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP11350

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P11350

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR023234 NarG-like_domain
IPR036197 NarG-like_sf
IPR003816 Nitrate_red_gam
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02665 Nitrate_red_gam, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF103501 SSF103501, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00351 narI, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiNARI_ECOLI
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P11350
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1989
Last sequence update: July 1, 1989
Last modified: January 16, 2019
This is version 170 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. Escherichia coli
    Escherichia coli (strain K12): entries and cross-references to EcoGene
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