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Protein

Virion host shutoff protein

Gene

UL41

Organism
Human herpesvirus 1 (strain 17) (HHV-1) (Human herpes simplex virus 1)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Minor structural protein that acts as an endoribonuclease during lytic infection. Degrades host mRNAs in the cytoplasm by cutting them at preferred sites, including some in regions of translation initiation. Together with inhibition of host splicing by ICP27, contributes to an overall decrease in host protein synthesis. Also, after the onset of viral transcription, accelerates the turnover of viral mRNA, thereby facilitating the sequential expression of different classes of viral genes. Binds translation initiation factors eIF4H, eIF4AI, and eIF4AII, thereby may interact directly with the translation initiation complex and thus digest specifically mRNAs. Also impedes antigen presentation by major histocompatibility complex class I and class II molecules, inhibits secretion of cytokines that would otherwise recruit lymphocytes and neutrophils cells to the site of infection and blocks the activation of dendritic cells. Plays a role in the inhibition of interferon-beta activation by the cGAS/STING pathway. Mechanistically, downregulates the expression of host cGAS/MB21D1. Decreases also the accumulation of other interferon-induced mRNAs such as host IFIT3 or CH25H to subvert their antiviral activity.9 Publications

Miscellaneous

Strain 17 is relatively weak regarding early shutoff compared to strain KOS. Strain HSZP protein is non-functional for host protein shutoff.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionEndonuclease, Hydrolase, Nuclease, RNA-binding
Biological processDecay of host mRNAs by virus, Eukaryotic host gene expression shutoff by virus, Host gene expression shutoff by virus, Host mRNA suppression by virus, Host-virus interaction, Interferon antiviral system evasion, Viral immunoevasion

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Virion host shutoff protein (EC:3.1.27.-)
Short name:
Vhs
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:UL41
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHuman herpesvirus 1 (strain 17) (HHV-1) (Human herpes simplex virus 1)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10299 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiVirusesdsDNA viruses, no RNA stageHerpesviralesHerpesviridaeAlphaherpesvirinaeSimplexvirus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section only exists in viral entries and indicates the host(s) either as a specific organism or taxonomic group of organisms that are susceptible to be infected by a virus.<p><a href='/help/virus_host' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Virus hostiHomo sapiens (Human) [TaxID: 9606]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009294 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Genome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

  • virion Source: UniProtKB-SubCell

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Virion

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001160541 – 489Virion host shutoff proteinAdd BLAST489

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P10225

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Keywords - Developmental stagei

Late protein

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with human EIF4H, EIF4A1 and EIF4A2; interaction with eIF4AI and EIF4A2 presumably allows Vhs protein to associate with the eIF4F cap-binding complex.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
UL48P064923EBI-6148417,EBI-7489933

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
971408, 1 interactor

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-57855N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P10225, 8 interactors

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P10225

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the herpesviridae VHS protein family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
VOG0900007C

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029060 PIN-like_dom_sf
IPR006086 XPG-I_dom

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00867 XPG_I, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF88723 SSF88723, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P10225-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGLFGMMKFA HTHHLVKRRG LGAPAGYFTP IAVDLWNVMY TLVVKYQRRY
60 70 80 90 100
PSYDREAITL HCLCRLLKVF TQKSLFPIFV TDRGVNCMEP VVFGAKAILA
110 120 130 140 150
RTTAQCRTDE EASDVDASPP PSPITDSRPS SAFSNMRRRG TSLASGTRGT
160 170 180 190 200
AGSGAALPSA APSKPALRLA HLFCIRVLRA LGYAYINSGQ LEADDACANL
210 220 230 240 250
YHTNTVAYVY TTDTDLLLMG CDIVLDISAC YIPTINCRDI LKYFKMSYPQ
260 270 280 290 300
FLALFVRCHT DLHPNNTYAS VEDVLRECHW TPPSRSQTRR AIRREHTSSR
310 320 330 340 350
STETRPPLPP AAGGTETRVS WTEILTQQIA GGYEDDEDLP LDPRDVTGGH
360 370 380 390 400
PGPRSSSSEI LTPPELVQVP NAQLLEEHRS YVANPRRHVI HDAPESLDWL
410 420 430 440 450
PDPMTITELV EHRYIKYVIS LIGPKERGPW TLLKRLPIYQ DIRDENLARS
460 470 480
IVTRHITAPD IADRFLEQLR TQAPPPAFYK DVLAKFWDE
Length:489
Mass (Da):54,918
Last modified:July 1, 1989 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i3DD706B26A1873BD
GO

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural varianti18R → H in strain: HSZP. 1
Natural varianti115V → A in strain: HSZP. 1
Natural varianti316E → K in strain: Nonneuroinvasive mutant HF10. 1
Natural varianti364P → S in strain: Nonneuroinvasive mutant HF10. 1
Natural varianti374L → R in strain: HSZP. 1
Natural varianti384 – 386NPR → SRQ in strain: HSZP. 3
Natural varianti385P → R in strain: Nonneuroinvasive mutant HF10. 1
Natural varianti392D → N in strain: HSZP. 1
Natural varianti452V → M in strain: HSZP. 1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X14112 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA32304.1
DQ889502 Genomic DNA Translation: ABI63503.1
Z72337 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA96524.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
E30088 WMBEF1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X14112 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA32304.1
DQ889502 Genomic DNA Translation: ABI63503.1
Z72337 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA96524.1
PIRiE30088 WMBEF1

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP10225
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi971408, 1 interactor
DIPiDIP-57855N
IntActiP10225, 8 interactors

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP10225

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

OrthoDBiVOG0900007C

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029060 PIN-like_dom_sf
IPR006086 XPG-I_dom
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00867 XPG_I, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF88723 SSF88723, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSHUT_HHV11
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P10225
Secondary accession number(s): Q09I92, Q82170
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1989
Last sequence update: July 1, 1989
Last modified: November 7, 2018
This is version 83 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programViral Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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