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Entry version 176 (12 Aug 2020)
Sequence version 4 (01 Jun 2001)
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Protein

Homeobox protein rough

Gene

ro

Organism
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Required to establish the unique cell identity of photoreceptors R2 and R5 and consequently for ommatidial assembly in the developing eye imaginal disk. Repression of expression in R8 photoreceptor by senseless (sens) is an essential mechanism of R8 cell fate determination.3 Publications

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section specifies the position and type of each DNA-binding domain present within the protein.<p><a href='/help/dna_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>DNA bindingi191 – 250HomeoboxPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST60

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDevelopmental protein, DNA-binding
Biological processSensory transduction, Transcription, Transcription regulation, Vision

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Homeobox protein rough
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ro
ORF Names:CG6348
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDrosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri7227 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaEcdysozoaArthropodaHexapodaInsectaPterygotaNeopteraHolometabolaDipteraBrachyceraMuscomorphaEphydroideaDrosophilidaeDrosophilaSophophora
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000803 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 3R

Organism-specific databases

Drosophila genome database

More...
FlyBasei
FBgn0003267, ro

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

R2 and R5 fail to be correctly determined and appear to be transformed into cells of the R3/4/1/6 subtype.1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000490761 – 350Homeobox protein roughAdd BLAST350

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P10181

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P10181

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in cells within, and posterior to, the morphogenetic furrow of the eye imaginal disk, expression is rapidly restricted to the R2, R3, R4, and R5 precursor cells.2 Publications

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
FBgn0003267, Expressed in eye disc (Drosophila) and 17 other tissues

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P10181, DM

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
68125, 12 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P10181, 8 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
7227.FBpp0084461

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P10181

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi120 – 131Gln/His-richAdd BLAST12
Compositional biasi322 – 328Gln-rich7

Keywords - Domaini

Homeobox

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0489, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000172642

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_792903_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P10181

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K09362

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
PHFSAGF

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1583482at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00086, homeodomain, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR009057, Homeobox-like_sf
IPR017970, Homeobox_CS
IPR001356, Homeobox_dom
IPR020479, Homeobox_metazoa

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00046, Homeodomain, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00024, HOMEOBOX

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00389, HOX, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF46689, SSF46689, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00027, HOMEOBOX_1, 1 hit
PS50071, HOMEOBOX_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P10181-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQRHKVEIGS PDGSPGIKRS DSLDPIANTT ILSVPQRPSS PRQFFERLYG
60 70 80 90 100
HLETRSSENG EIDVGTHAHK PPPCDTPYHS DGGSVSSPDI SISDERTSLA
110 120 130 140 150
AYPAYDFYGH AKDYPQHPSQ QHQQHHHHHH HPPQLVHQKL SYVSPPPAIA
160 170 180 190 200
AGGAANPVLP HAFPAGFPSD PHFSAGFSAF LARRRRKEGR QRRQRTTFST
210 220 230 240 250
EQTLRLEVEF HRNEYISRSR RFELAETLRL TETQIKIWFQ NRRAKDKRIE
260 270 280 290 300
KAQIDQHYRN FVVANGFMSS IMGQAATTMP PGGVTGGVAV GVGLNYYAAA
310 320 330 340 350
ATPAALPKDN TQDANFIDID DQFQRQQQQK QQQQQQQQRR RETTTPINIC
Length:350
Mass (Da):39,430
Last modified:June 1, 2001 - v4
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iD5A39EF19D39DEAF
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti304A → T in AAA56800 (PubMed:2903798).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M23629 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA56800.1
AE014297 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF56635.1
AE014297 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN14093.1
BT022142 mRNA Translation: AAY51537.1
X12528 Genomic DNA Translation: CAC32035.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A30046
S03168

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_524521.1, NM_079797.3
NP_733173.1, NM_170294.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl metazoan genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblMetazoai
FBtr0085090; FBpp0084460; FBgn0003267
FBtr0085091; FBpp0084461; FBgn0003267

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
43234

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
dme:Dmel_CG6348

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
CG6348-RA, d. melanogaster
CG6348-RB, d. melanogaster

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M23629 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA56800.1
AE014297 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF56635.1
AE014297 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN14093.1
BT022142 mRNA Translation: AAY51537.1
X12528 Genomic DNA Translation: CAC32035.1
PIRiA30046
S03168
RefSeqiNP_524521.1, NM_079797.3
NP_733173.1, NM_170294.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP10181
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi68125, 12 interactors
IntActiP10181, 8 interactors
STRINGi7227.FBpp0084461

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP10181
PRIDEiP10181

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblMetazoaiFBtr0085090; FBpp0084460; FBgn0003267
FBtr0085091; FBpp0084461; FBgn0003267
GeneIDi43234
KEGGidme:Dmel_CG6348
UCSCiCG6348-RA, d. melanogaster
CG6348-RB, d. melanogaster

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
19875
FlyBaseiFBgn0003267, ro

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0489, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000172642
HOGENOMiCLU_792903_0_0_1
InParanoidiP10181
KOiK09362
OMAiPHFSAGF
OrthoDBi1583482at2759

Miscellaneous databases

BioGRID ORCS database of CRISPR phenotype screens

More...
BioGRID-ORCSi
43234, 0 hits in 1 CRISPR screen

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
43234

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P10181

Gene expression databases

BgeeiFBgn0003267, Expressed in eye disc (Drosophila) and 17 other tissues
GenevisibleiP10181, DM

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00086, homeodomain, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009057, Homeobox-like_sf
IPR017970, Homeobox_CS
IPR001356, Homeobox_dom
IPR020479, Homeobox_metazoa
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00046, Homeodomain, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00024, HOMEOBOX
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00389, HOX, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF46689, SSF46689, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00027, HOMEOBOX_1, 1 hit
PS50071, HOMEOBOX_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiROUGH_DROME
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P10181
Secondary accession number(s): Q24487, Q4V714, Q9VBA7
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1989
Last sequence update: June 1, 2001
Last modified: August 12, 2020
This is version 176 of the entry and version 4 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programDrosophila annotation project

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Drosophila
    Drosophila: entries, gene names and cross-references to FlyBase
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