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Entry version 33 (07 Apr 2021)
Sequence version 1 (17 Feb 2016)
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Protein

Medium-wave-sensitive opsin 3

Gene

OPN1MW3

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Visual pigments are the light-absorbing molecules that mediate vision. They consist of an apoprotein, opsin, covalently linked to cis-retinal.By similarity

Caution

Medium-wave-sensitive opsin genes vary in number among individuals and, together with a single red pigment gene, reside in a head-to-tail tandem array within the X chromosome. In the GRCh38 reference genome assembly, there are 3 genes in tandem coding for identical proteins AC P04001, AC P0DN77 and P0DN78.Curated

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionG-protein coupled receptor, Photoreceptor protein, Receptor, Retinal protein, Transducer
Biological processSensory transduction, Vision
LigandChromophore

Enzyme and pathway databases

Pathway Commons web resource for biological pathway data

More...
PathwayCommonsi
P0DN78

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Medium-wave-sensitive opsin 3
Alternative name(s):
Green cone photoreceptor pigment
Green-sensitive opsin
Short name:
GOP
opsin 1 cone pigments medium-wave-sensitive 3Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:OPN1MW3Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome X

Organism-specific databases

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:51831, OPN1MW3

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_P0DN78

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 52ExtracellularCuratedAdd BLAST52
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei53 – 77Helical; Name=1Sequence analysisAdd BLAST25
Topological domaini78 – 89CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST12
Transmembranei90 – 115Helical; Name=2Sequence analysisAdd BLAST26
Topological domaini116 – 129ExtracellularCuratedAdd BLAST14
Transmembranei130 – 149Helical; Name=3Sequence analysisAdd BLAST20
Topological domaini150 – 168CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST19
Transmembranei169 – 192Helical; Name=4Sequence analysisAdd BLAST24
Topological domaini193 – 218ExtracellularCuratedAdd BLAST26
Transmembranei219 – 246Helical; Name=5Sequence analysisAdd BLAST28
Topological domaini247 – 268CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST22
Transmembranei269 – 292Helical; Name=6Sequence analysisAdd BLAST24
Topological domaini293 – 300ExtracellularCurated8
Transmembranei301 – 325Helical; Name=7Sequence analysisAdd BLAST25
Topological domaini326 – 364CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST39

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

More...
DisGeNETi
101060233
2652
728458

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000268221

Miscellaneous databases

Pharos NIH Druggable Genome Knowledgebase

More...
Pharosi
P0DN78, Tdark

Genetic variation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
OPN1MW3

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004354011 – 364Medium-wave-sensitive opsin 3Add BLAST364

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi34N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparaginePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi126 ↔ 203PROSITE-ProRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei312N6-(retinylidene)lysineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

N-glycosylated. O-glycosylated.By similarity
Phosphorylated on some or all of the serine and threonine residues present in the C-terminal region.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein, Phosphoprotein

PTM databases

GlyGen: Computational and Informatics Resources for Glycoscience

More...
GlyGeni
P0DN78, 1 site

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

More...
HPAi
ENSG00000269433, Group enriched (blood, skin)

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Miscellaneous databases

RNAct, Protein-RNA interaction predictions for model organisms.

More...
RNActi
P0DN78, protein

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P0DN78

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni17 – 43Required for 11-cis-retinal regenerationBy similarityAdd BLAST27

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family. Opsin subfamily.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT01020000230350

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
WVYNITT

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
940057at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P0DN78

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000276, GPCR_Rhodpsn
IPR017452, GPCR_Rhodpsn_7TM
IPR001760, Opsin
IPR000378, Opsin_red/grn
IPR027430, Retinal_BS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00001, 7tm_1, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00237, GPCRRHODOPSN
PR00238, OPSIN
PR00575, OPSINREDGRN

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01381, 7TM_GPCR_Srsx, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00237, G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F1_1, 1 hit
PS50262, G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F1_2, 1 hit
PS00238, OPSIN, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P0DN78-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAQQWSLQRL AGRHPQDSYE DSTQSSIFTY TNSNSTRGPF EGPNYHIAPR
60 70 80 90 100
WVYHLTSVWM IFVVIASVFT NGLVLAATMK FKKLRHPLNW ILVNLAVADL
110 120 130 140 150
AETVIASTIS VVNQVYGYFV LGHPMCVLEG YTVSLCGITG LWSLAIISWE
160 170 180 190 200
RWMVVCKPFG NVRFDAKLAI VGIAFSWIWA AVWTAPPIFG WSRYWPHGLK
210 220 230 240 250
TSCGPDVFSG SSYPGVQSYM IVLMVTCCIT PLSIIVLCYL QVWLAIRAVA
260 270 280 290 300
KQQKESESTQ KAEKEVTRMV VVMVLAFCFC WGPYAFFACF AAANPGYPFH
310 320 330 340 350
PLMAALPAFF AKSATIYNPV IYVFMNRQFR NCILQLFGKK VDDGSELSSA
360
SKTEVSSVSS VSPA
Length:364
Mass (Da):40,584
Last modified:February 17, 2016 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA98D046958C72AE9
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC245140 Genomic DNA No translation available.

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS83509.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_000504.1, NM_000513.2
NP_001041646.1, NM_001048181.2
NP_001316996.1, NM_001330067.1
XP_016855469.1, XM_016999980.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000599405; ENSP00000469970; ENSG00000269433

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
101060233
2652
728458

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:101060233
hsa:2652
hsa:728458

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC245140 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CCDSiCCDS83509.1
RefSeqiNP_000504.1, NM_000513.2
NP_001041646.1, NM_001048181.2
NP_001316996.1, NM_001330067.1
XP_016855469.1, XM_016999980.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP0DN78
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein family/group databases

Information system for G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs)

More...
GPCRDBi
Search...

PTM databases

GlyGeniP0DN78, 1 site

Genetic variation databases

BioMutaiOPN1MW3

Protocols and materials databases

Antibodypedia a portal for validated antibodies

More...
Antibodypediai
72294, 15 antibodies

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000599405; ENSP00000469970; ENSG00000269433
GeneIDi101060233
2652
728458
KEGGihsa:101060233
hsa:2652
hsa:728458

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
101060233
2652
728458
DisGeNETi101060233
2652
728458

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
OPN1MW3
HGNCiHGNC:51831, OPN1MW3
HPAiENSG00000269433, Group enriched (blood, skin)
neXtProtiNX_P0DN78
OpenTargetsiENSG00000268221

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT01020000230350
OMAiWVYNITT
OrthoDBi940057at2759
PhylomeDBiP0DN78

Enzyme and pathway databases

PathwayCommonsiP0DN78

Miscellaneous databases

BioGRID ORCS database of CRISPR phenotype screens

More...
BioGRID-ORCSi
101060233, 1 hit in 3 CRISPR screens
2652, 6 hits in 149 CRISPR screens
728458, 2 hits in 160 CRISPR screens

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
OPN1MW3, human
PharosiP0DN78, Tdark

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P0DN78
RNActiP0DN78, protein

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000276, GPCR_Rhodpsn
IPR017452, GPCR_Rhodpsn_7TM
IPR001760, Opsin
IPR000378, Opsin_red/grn
IPR027430, Retinal_BS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00001, 7tm_1, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00237, GPCRRHODOPSN
PR00238, OPSIN
PR00575, OPSINREDGRN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01381, 7TM_GPCR_Srsx, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00237, G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F1_1, 1 hit
PS50262, G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F1_2, 1 hit
PS00238, OPSIN, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiOPSG3_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P0DN78
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 17, 2016
Last sequence update: February 17, 2016
Last modified: April 7, 2021
This is version 33 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome X
    Human chromosome X: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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