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Entry version 25 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (14 May 2014)
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Protein

Halorhodopsin

Gene

hop

Organism
Halobacterium salinarum (strain ATCC 700922 / JCM 11081 / NRC-1) (Halobacterium halobium)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Light-driven chloride pump.By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionPhotoreceptor protein, Receptor, Retinal protein
Biological processIon transport, Transport
LigandChloride, Chromophore

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Halorhodopsin
Short name:
HR
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:hop
Ordered Locus Names:VNG_0180G
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHalobacterium salinarum (strain ATCC 700922 / JCM 11081 / NRC-1) (Halobacterium halobium)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri64091 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiArchaeaEuryarchaeotaStenosarchaea groupHalobacteriaHalobacterialesHalobacteriaceaeHalobacterium
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000554 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini22 – 25ExtracellularBy similarity4
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei26 – 51Helical; Name=Helix ABy similarityAdd BLAST26
Topological domaini52 – 57CytoplasmicBy similarity6
Transmembranei58 – 81Helical; Name=Helix BBy similarityAdd BLAST24
Topological domaini82 – 105ExtracellularBy similarityAdd BLAST24
Transmembranei106 – 127Helical; Name=Helix CBy similarityAdd BLAST22
Topological domaini128 – 130CytoplasmicBy similarity3
Transmembranei131 – 154Helical; Name=Helix DBy similarityAdd BLAST24
Topological domaini155 – 157ExtracellularBy similarity3
Transmembranei158 – 180Helical; Name=Helix EBy similarityAdd BLAST23
Topological domaini181 – 192CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST12
Transmembranei193 – 216Helical; Name=Helix FBy similarityAdd BLAST24
Topological domaini217 – 226ExtracellularBy similarity10
Transmembranei227 – 255Helical; Name=Helix GBy similarityAdd BLAST29
Topological domaini256 – 274CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST19

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes a propeptide, which is a part of a protein that is cleaved during maturation or activation. Once cleaved, a propeptide generally has no independent biological function.<p><a href='/help/propep' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PropeptideiPRO_00000202381 – 21By similarityAdd BLAST21
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000002023922 – 274HalorhodopsinAdd BLAST253

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei242N6-(retinylidene)lysineBy similarity1

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P0DMH7

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotrimer.By similarity

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P0DMH7

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
arCOG02811 Archaea
COG5524 LUCA

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K04642

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
GRYLTWT

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
70686at2157

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P0DMH7

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001425 Arc/bac/fun_rhodopsins
IPR018229 Rhodopsin_retinal_BS

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR28286 PTHR28286, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01036 Bac_rhodopsin, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00251 BACTRLOPSIN

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01021 Bac_rhodopsin, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00950 BACTERIAL_OPSIN_1, 1 hit
PS00327 BACTERIAL_OPSIN_RET, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P0DMH7-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSITSVPGVV DAGVLGAQSA AAVRENALLS SSLWVNVALA GIAILVFVYM
60 70 80 90 100
GRTIRPGRPR LIWGATLMIP LVSISSYLGL LSGLTVGMIE MPAGHALAGE
110 120 130 140 150
MVRSQWGRYL TWALSTPMIL LALGLLADVD LGSLFTVIAA DIGMCVTGLA
160 170 180 190 200
AAMTTSALLF RWAFYAISCA FFVVVLSALV TDWAASASSA GTAEIFDTLR
210 220 230 240 250
VLTVVLWLGY PIVWAVGVEG LALVQSVGVT SWAYSVLDVF AKYVFAFILL
260 270
RWVANNERTV AVAGQTLGTM SSDD
Length:274
Mass (Da):28,874
Last modified:May 14, 2014 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i8FEDBBEDC717CD6B
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE004437 Genomic DNA Translation: AAG18795.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
G84178

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_010902090.1, NC_002607.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAG18795; AAG18795; VNG_0180G

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
5952411

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hal:VNG_0180G

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|64091.14.peg.132

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE004437 Genomic DNA Translation: AAG18795.1
PIRiG84178
RefSeqiWP_010902090.1, NC_002607.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP0DMH7
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP0DMH7

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAG18795; AAG18795; VNG_0180G
GeneIDi5952411
KEGGihal:VNG_0180G
PATRICifig|64091.14.peg.132

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiarCOG02811 Archaea
COG5524 LUCA
KOiK04642
OMAiGRYLTWT
OrthoDBi70686at2157
PhylomeDBiP0DMH7

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001425 Arc/bac/fun_rhodopsins
IPR018229 Rhodopsin_retinal_BS
PANTHERiPTHR28286 PTHR28286, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01036 Bac_rhodopsin, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00251 BACTRLOPSIN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01021 Bac_rhodopsin, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00950 BACTERIAL_OPSIN_1, 1 hit
PS00327 BACTERIAL_OPSIN_RET, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiBACH_HALSA
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P0DMH7
Secondary accession number(s): P16102, Q9HSK9
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 14, 2014
Last sequence update: May 14, 2014
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 25 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. 7-transmembrane G-linked receptors
    List of 7-transmembrane G-linked receptor entries
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