Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 36 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 1 (28 Nov 2012)
Previous versions | rss
Add a publicationFeedback
Protein

Mambalgin-1

Gene
N/A
Organism
Dendroaspis polylepis polylepis (Black mamba)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

This three-finger toxin inhibits ASIC channels. It acts as a gating modifier toxin by decreasing the apparent proton sensitivity of activation and by slightly increasing the apparent proton sensitivity for inactivation (PubMed:23034652).

It binds more tightly to the closed state and to a much lesser extent the inactivated/desensitized state of ASIC1a isoform of ASIC1 (PubMed:23034652).

It interacts directly with the outside surface of the thumb domain of chicken ASIC1a (ASIC1a), but does not insert into the acidic pocket as suggested for mambalgin-2 (PubMed:29872539).

This binding leads to relocation of the thumb domain that could disrupt the acidic pocket of cASIC1a (PubMed:29872539).

It reversibly inhibits rat ASIC1a (IC50=3.4-55 nM), rat ASIC1a-ASIC2b (IC50=61 nM), rat ASIC1a-ASIC1b (IC50=72 nM), human ASIC1a (IC50=127-580 nM), chicken ASIC1a (IC50=123.6 nM), rat ASIC1b (IC50=22.2-203 nM), rat ASIC1a-ASIC2a (IC50=152-252 nM) (PubMed:23034652, PubMed:23624383, PubMed:25873388, PubMed:24619065, PubMed:26680001, PubMed:29872539).

In vivo, it shows a potent naloxone-resistant analgesic effect against acute and inflammatory pain upon central and peripheral injection (PubMed:23034652).

In addition, it also has an opioid-independent effect on both thermal and mechanical inflammatory pain after systemic administration and is effective against neuropathic pain (PubMed:26680001).

5 Publications

Miscellaneous

Has no effect on rat ASIC2a, rat ASIC3, rat ASIC1a-ASIC3 and rat ASIC1b-ASIC3 channels, as well as on TRPV1, P2RX2 (P2X2), HTR3A (5-HT3A), Nav1.8 (SCN10A), Cav3.2 (CACNA1H) and Kv1.2 (KCNA2) channels (PubMed:23034652). Does not produce motor dysfunction, apathy, flaccid paralysis, convulsions or death upon central injections (intrathecal or intracerebroventricular) in mice (PubMed:23034652).1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections ('Function', 'PTM / Processing', 'Pathology and Biotech') according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei48Important residue for inhibition of rat ASIC1a1 Publication1
Sitei49Important residue for inhibition of rat ASIC1a1 Publication1
Sitei53Key residue for inhibition of rat ASIC1a, probably binds to rat ASIC1a F-3501 Publication1
Sitei54Important residue for inhibition of rat ASIC1a1 Publication1
Sitei55Important residue for inhibition of rat ASIC1a1 Publication1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIon channel impairing toxin, Proton-gated sodium channel impairing toxin, Toxin

Protein family/group databases

Transport Classification Database

More...
TCDBi
8.B.23.1.1, the mambalgin (mambalgin) family

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Mambalgin-11 Publication
Short name:
Mamb-11 Publication
Alternative name(s):
Pi-Dp11 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDendroaspis polylepis polylepis (Black mamba)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri8620 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiLepidosauriaSquamataBifurcataUnidentataEpisquamataToxicoferaSerpentesColubroideaElapidaeElapinaeDendroaspis

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the use of a protein as a pharmaceutical drug. It indicates the name of the drug, the name of the firm that commercializes it and explains in a few words in which context the drug is used. In some cases, drugs that are under development are also described.<p><a href='/help/pharmaceutical_use' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pharmaceutical usei

Promising peptide that shows a potent analgesic effect against acute and inflammatory pain that can be as strong as morphine but resistant to naloxone, with much less tolerance and no respiratory distress.1 Publication

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi26Q → A: Small increase in inhibitory potency on cASIC1a. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi27H → A: Important decrease in inhibitory potency on cASIC1a. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi29K → A: No change in inhibitory potency on cASIC1a. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi42H → A: 3.1-fold decrease in inhibitory potency of ASIC1a. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi44T → A: 3.9-fold decrease in inhibitory potency of ASIC1a. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi48F → A: Important (34-fold) decrease in inhibitory potency of ASIC1a. 2 Publications1
Mutagenesisi49R → A: Important (19-fold) decrease in inhibitory potency of ASIC1a. 2 Publications1
Mutagenesisi50N → A: 2.8-fold decrease in inhibitory potency of ASIC1a. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi51L → A: 5.1-fold decrease in inhibitory potency of ASIC1a. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi52K → A: 4.9-fold decrease in inhibitory potency of ASIC1a. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi53L → A: 2200-fold decrease in inhibitory potency of ASIC1a. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi54I → A: 16.3-fold decrease in inhibitory potency of ASIC1a. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi55L → A: 58-fold decrease in inhibitory potency of ASIC1a. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi78K → A: 1.5-fold decrease in inhibitory potency of ASIC1a. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 211 PublicationAdd BLAST21
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000042036022 – 78Mambalgin-11 PublicationAdd BLAST57

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi24 ↔ 402 PublicationsImported
Disulfide bondi33 ↔ 582 PublicationsImported
Disulfide bondi62 ↔ 702 PublicationsImported
Disulfide bondi71 ↔ 762 PublicationsImported

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed by the venom gland.Curated

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

178
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Biological Magnetic Resonance Data Bank

More...
BMRBi
P0DKR6

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P0DKR6

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P0DKR6-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKTLLLTLLV VTIVCLDLGY SLKCYQHGKV VTCHRDMKFC YHNTGMPFRN
60 70
LKLILQGCSS SCSETENNKC CSTDRCNK
Length:78
Mass (Da):8,853
Last modified:November 28, 2012 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iCC140CD5D3CB14FC
GO

<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports information derived from mass spectrometry experiments done on the entire protein or on biologically active derived peptide(s).<p><a href='/help/mass_spectrometry' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mass spectrometryi

Molecular mass is 6555.7 Da. Determined by MALDI. Average mass.1 Publication

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
JX428743 mRNA Translation: AFT65615.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/cross%5Freferences%5Fsection">Cross-references</a> section provides links to various web resources that are relevant for a specific protein.<p><a href='/help/web_resource' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Web resourcesi

The Electron Microscopy Data Bank

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
JX428743 mRNA Translation: AFT65615.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
2MJYNMR-A22-78[»]
5DO6X-ray1.70A/B22-78[»]
5DU1X-ray1.80A/B/C/D22-78[»]
5DZ5X-ray1.95A/B22-78[»]
7CFTelectron microscopy3.90D/E/F22-78[»]
BMRBiP0DKR6
SMRiP0DKR6
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi8.B.23.1.1, the mambalgin (mambalgin) family

Family and domain databases

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry namei3SX1_DENPO
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P0DKR6
Secondary accession number(s): B3EWQ5, K0C0K0
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 28, 2012
Last sequence update: November 28, 2012
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 36 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programAnimal Toxin Annotation Program
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Direct protein sequencing, Pharmaceutical

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again