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Entry version 111 (05 Jun 2019)
Sequence version 1 (20 Dec 2005)
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Protein

GTP pyrophosphokinase

Gene

relA

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

In eubacteria ppGpp (guanosine 3'-diphosphate 5-' diphosphate) is a mediator of the stringent response which coordinates a variety of cellular activities in response to changes in nutritional abundance. This enzyme catalyzes the formation of pppGpp which is then hydrolyzed to form ppGpp. The second messengers ppGpp and c-di-GMP together control biofilm formation in response to translational stress; ppGpp represses biofilm formation while c-di-GMP induces it. ppGpp activates transcription of CsrA-antagonistic small RNAs CsrB and CsrC, which downregulate CsrA's action on translation during the stringent response (PubMed:21488981).4 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: ppGpp biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes ppGpp from GTP.
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Bifunctional (p)ppGpp synthase/hydrolase SpoT (spoT), GTP pyrophosphokinase (relA)
  2. Guanosine-5'-triphosphate,3'-diphosphate pyrophosphatase (gppA)
This subpathway is part of the pathway ppGpp biosynthesis, which is itself part of Purine metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes ppGpp from GTP, the pathway ppGpp biosynthesis and in Purine metabolism.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionKinase, Transferase
LigandATP-binding, GTP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
EcoCyc:RELA-MONOMER
ECOL316407:JW2755-MONOMER
MetaCyc:RELA-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00908;UER00884

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
GTP pyrophosphokinase (EC:2.7.6.5)
Alternative name(s):
(p)ppGpp synthase
ATP:GTP 3'-pyrophosphotransferase
ppGpp synthase I
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:relA
Ordered Locus Names:b2784, JW2755
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

Organism-specific databases

Escherichia coli strain K12 genome database

More...
EcoGenei
EG10835 relA

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

A slight increase in biofilm formation in a csrA-disrupted background; when combined with a spoT disruption (a ppGpp0 mutant) there is a very large increase in biofilm formation (PubMed:19460094). The ppGpp0 mutant makes decreased levels of CsrA and its inhibitory small RNAs (sRNA) CsrB and CsrC (PubMed:21488981). Deletion of relA alone decreases persister cell formation in a hipA7 mutant; the double relA/spoT deletion obviates persister cell formation (PubMed:14622409, PubMed:26051177).4 Publications

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL1163114

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001665461 – 744GTP pyrophosphokinaseAdd BLAST744

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

More...
EPDi
P0AG20

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P0AG20

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P0AG20

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P0AG20

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
4259226, 81 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-10658N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P0AG20, 15 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
511145.b2784

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P0AG20

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini55 – 160HDPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST106
Domaini404 – 465TGSPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST62
Domaini668 – 743ACTPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST76

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the RelA/SpoT family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105CWR Bacteria
COG0317 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000018300

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P0AG20

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00951

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P0AG20

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd05399 NT_Rel-Spo_like, 1 hit
cd01668 TGS_RelA_SpoT, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.10.20.30, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002912 ACT_dom
IPR012675 Beta-grasp_dom_sf
IPR003607 HD/PDEase_dom
IPR004811 RelA/Spo_fam
IPR007685 RelA_SpoT
IPR004095 TGS
IPR012676 TGS-like
IPR033655 TGS_RelA

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF13291 ACT_4, 1 hit
PF13328 HD_4, 1 hit
PF04607 RelA_SpoT, 1 hit
PF02824 TGS, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00954 RelA_SpoT, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF81271 SSF81271, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00691 spoT_relA, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51671 ACT, 1 hit
PS51831 HD, 1 hit
PS51880 TGS, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P0AG20-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVAVRSAHIN KAGEFDPEKW IASLGITSQK SCECLAETWA YCLQQTQGHP
60 70 80 90 100
DASLLLWRGV EMVEILSTLS MDIDTLRAAL LFPLADANVV SEDVLRESVG
110 120 130 140 150
KSVVNLIHGV RDMAAIRQLK ATHTDSVSSE QVDNVRRMLL AMVDDFRCVV
160 170 180 190 200
IKLAERIAHL REVKDAPEDE RVLAAKECTN IYAPLANRLG IGQLKWELED
210 220 230 240 250
YCFRYLHPTE YKRIAKLLHE RRLDREHYIE EFVGHLRAEM KAEGVKAEVY
260 270 280 290 300
GRPKHIYSIW RKMQKKNLAF DELFDVRAVR IVAERLQDCY AALGIVHTHY
310 320 330 340 350
RHLPDEFDDY VANPKPNGYQ SIHTVVLGPG GKTVEIQIRT KQMHEDAELG
360 370 380 390 400
VAAHWKYKEG AAAGGARSGH EDRIAWLRKL IAWQEEMADS GEMLDEVRSQ
410 420 430 440 450
VFDDRVYVFT PKGDVVDLPA GSTPLDFAYH IHSDVGHRCI GAKIGGRIVP
460 470 480 490 500
FTYQLQMGDQ IEIITQKQPN PSRDWLNPNL GYVTTSRGRS KIHAWFRKQD
510 520 530 540 550
RDKNILAGRQ ILDDELEHLG ISLKEAEKHL LPRYNFNDVD ELLAAIGGGD
560 570 580 590 600
IRLNQMVNFL QSQFNKPSAE EQDAAALKQL QQKSYTPQNR SKDNGRVVVE
610 620 630 640 650
GVGNLMHHIA RCCQPIPGDE IVGFITQGRG ISVHRADCEQ LAELRSHAPE
660 670 680 690 700
RIVDAVWGES YSAGYSLVVR VVANDRSGLL RDITTILANE KVNVLGVASR
710 720 730 740
SDTKQQLATI DMTIEIYNLQ VLGRVLGKLN QVPDVIDARR LHGS
Length:744
Mass (Da):83,876
Last modified:December 20, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iFA269709F15E1F25
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti307F → K in AAA03237 (PubMed:2844820).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
J04039 Unassigned DNA Translation: AAA03237.1
U29580 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA69294.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC75826.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE76858.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
D65060 KIECG

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_417264.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000226815.1, NZ_LN832404.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAC75826; AAC75826; b2784
BAE76858; BAE76858; BAE76858

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
947244

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecj:JW2755
eco:b2784

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|1411691.4.peg.3951

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
J04039 Unassigned DNA Translation: AAA03237.1
U29580 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA69294.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC75826.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE76858.1
PIRiD65060 KIECG
RefSeqiNP_417264.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000226815.1, NZ_LN832404.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
5IQRelectron microscopy3.0081-744[»]
5KPSelectron microscopy3.90A2-744[»]
5KPVelectron microscopy4.10332-744[»]
5KPWelectron microscopy3.90332-744[»]
5KPXelectron microscopy3.90332-744[»]
5L3Pelectron microscopy3.70z1-744[»]
SMRiP0AG20
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi4259226, 81 interactors
DIPiDIP-10658N
IntActiP0AG20, 15 interactors
STRINGi511145.b2784

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL1163114

Proteomic databases

EPDiP0AG20
jPOSTiP0AG20
PaxDbiP0AG20
PRIDEiP0AG20

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC75826; AAC75826; b2784
BAE76858; BAE76858; BAE76858
GeneIDi947244
KEGGiecj:JW2755
eco:b2784
PATRICifig|1411691.4.peg.3951

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

More...
EchoBASEi
EB0828
EcoGeneiEG10835 relA

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105CWR Bacteria
COG0317 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000018300
InParanoidiP0AG20
KOiK00951
PhylomeDBiP0AG20

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00908;UER00884
BioCyciEcoCyc:RELA-MONOMER
ECOL316407:JW2755-MONOMER
MetaCyc:RELA-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P0AG20

Family and domain databases

CDDicd05399 NT_Rel-Spo_like, 1 hit
cd01668 TGS_RelA_SpoT, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.10.20.30, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002912 ACT_dom
IPR012675 Beta-grasp_dom_sf
IPR003607 HD/PDEase_dom
IPR004811 RelA/Spo_fam
IPR007685 RelA_SpoT
IPR004095 TGS
IPR012676 TGS-like
IPR033655 TGS_RelA
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF13291 ACT_4, 1 hit
PF13328 HD_4, 1 hit
PF04607 RelA_SpoT, 1 hit
PF02824 TGS, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00954 RelA_SpoT, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF81271 SSF81271, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00691 spoT_relA, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51671 ACT, 1 hit
PS51831 HD, 1 hit
PS51880 TGS, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiRELA_ECOLI
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P0AG20
Secondary accession number(s): P11585, Q2MA48
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 20, 2005
Last sequence update: December 20, 2005
Last modified: June 5, 2019
This is version 111 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  4. Escherichia coli
    Escherichia coli (strain K12): entries and cross-references to EcoGene
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