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Protein

Acetolactate synthase isozyme 2 small subunit

Gene

ilvM

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Miscellaneous

E.coli contains genes for 3 AHAS isozymes: ilvBN, ilvGM and ilvIH.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Protein has several cofactor binding sites:
  • Mg2+By similarityNote: Binds 1 Mg2+ ion per subunit.By similarity
  • thiamine diphosphateBy similarityNote: Binds 1 thiamine pyrophosphate per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-isoleucine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes L-isoleucine from 2-oxobutanoate.
Proteins known to be involved in the 4 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Acetolactate synthase isozyme 1 large subunit (ilvB), Acetolactate synthase isozyme 3 small subunit (ilvH), Acetolactate synthase isozyme 1 small subunit (ilvN), Acetolactate synthase isozyme 3 large subunit (ilvI), Acetolactate synthase isozyme 2 small subunit (ilvM), Putative acetolactate synthase isozyme 2 large subunit (ilvG), Acetolactate synthase isozyme 2 large subunit (ilvG)
  2. Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (NADP(+)) (ilvC)
  3. Dihydroxy-acid dehydratase (ilvD)
  4. Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase (ilvE)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-isoleucine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes L-isoleucine from 2-oxobutanoate, the pathway L-isoleucine biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

Pathwayi: L-valine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes L-valine from pyruvate.
Proteins known to be involved in the 4 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Acetolactate synthase isozyme 1 large subunit (ilvB), Acetolactate synthase isozyme 3 small subunit (ilvH), Acetolactate synthase isozyme 1 small subunit (ilvN), Acetolactate synthase isozyme 3 large subunit (ilvI), Acetolactate synthase isozyme 2 small subunit (ilvM), Putative acetolactate synthase isozyme 2 large subunit (ilvG), Acetolactate synthase isozyme 2 large subunit (ilvG)
  2. Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (NADP(+)) (ilvC)
  3. Dihydroxy-acid dehydratase (ilvD)
  4. Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase (ilvE)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-valine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes L-valine from pyruvate, the pathway L-valine biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • acetolactate synthase activity Source: EcoCyc

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase
Biological processAmino-acid biosynthesis, Branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis
LigandMagnesium, Thiamine pyrophosphate

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

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BioCyci
EcoCyc:SMALLILVM-MONOMER
MetaCyc:SMALLILVM-MONOMER

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
P0ADG1

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00047;UER00055

UPA00049;UER00059

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Acetolactate synthase isozyme 2 small subunit (EC:2.2.1.6)
Alternative name(s):
ALS-II
Acetohydroxy-acid synthase II small subunit
Short name:
AHAS-II
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ilvM
Ordered Locus Names:b3769, JW3742
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

Organism-specific databases

Escherichia coli strain K12 genome database

More...
EcoGenei
EG10501 ilvM

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001514291 – 87Acetolactate synthase isozyme 2 small subunitAdd BLAST87

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

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PaxDbi
P0ADG1

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P0ADG1

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Tetramer of two large and two small chains.

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
ilvGP0DP902EBI-1133722,EBI-1133701

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
4263292, 7 interactors

ComplexPortal: manually curated resource of macromolecular complexes

More...
ComplexPortali
CPX-3570 Acetolactate synthase II complex

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
P0ADG1, 4 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
316385.ECDH10B_3958

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P0ADG1

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini5 – 78ACTPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST74

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

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eggNOGi
ENOG4105P3Y Bacteria
COG3978 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000286146

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K11258

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002912 ACT_dom

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51671 ACT, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P0ADG1-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MMQHQVNVSA RFNPETLERV LRVVRHRGFH VCSMNMAAAS DAQNINIELT
60 70 80
VASPRSVDLL FSQLNKLVDV AHVAICQSTT TSQQIRA
Length:87
Mass (Da):9,703
Last modified:December 4, 2007 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iCEB6B5211262E0AF
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAB59051 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated
The sequence CAA26261 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X02413 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA26261.1 Different initiation.
M10313 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB59051.1 Different initiation.
X04890 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA28574.1
M87049 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA67572.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC77489.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE77528.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_418217.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000983255.1, NZ_LN832404.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAC77489; AAC77489; b3769
BAE77528; BAE77528; BAE77528

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
948279

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecj:JW3742
eco:b3769

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|1411691.4.peg.2937

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X02413 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA26261.1 Different initiation.
M10313 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB59051.1 Different initiation.
X04890 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA28574.1
M87049 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA67572.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC77489.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE77528.1
RefSeqiNP_418217.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000983255.1, NZ_LN832404.1

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP0ADG1
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi4263292, 7 interactors
ComplexPortaliCPX-3570 Acetolactate synthase II complex
IntActiP0ADG1, 4 interactors
STRINGi316385.ECDH10B_3958

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP0ADG1
PRIDEiP0ADG1

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC77489; AAC77489; b3769
BAE77528; BAE77528; BAE77528
GeneIDi948279
KEGGiecj:JW3742
eco:b3769
PATRICifig|1411691.4.peg.2937

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

More...
EchoBASEi
EB0496
EcoGeneiEG10501 ilvM

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105P3Y Bacteria
COG3978 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000286146
KOiK11258

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00047;UER00055

UPA00049;UER00059

BioCyciEcoCyc:SMALLILVM-MONOMER
MetaCyc:SMALLILVM-MONOMER
SABIO-RKiP0ADG1

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P0ADG1

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002912 ACT_dom
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51671 ACT, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiILVM_ECOLI
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P0ADG1
Secondary accession number(s): P13048, P78269, Q2M878
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 6, 2005
Last sequence update: December 4, 2007
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 90 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. Escherichia coli
    Escherichia coli (strain K12): entries and cross-references to EcoGene
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